Stable Isotope Facility

BGS Science Facilities – Centre for Environmental Geochemistry


We are a node of the National Environmental Isotope Facility (NEIF) and employ a wide variety of stable isotope methodologies in environmental change, pollution, hydrology, and human-landscape interactions research.

We focus on the environment, in particular climate change and human-landscape interactions, with increasing importance on the Anthropocene and the modern calibration period. We also use stable isotopes as tracers of modern pollution and to better understand the hydrological cycle, especially in areas suffering from significant human impact. We work with the UK higher education institutes community and international partners to deliver research, method development and training.

As part of NEIF, the Stable Isotope Facility analytical capabilities and technical expertise can be accessed (free at the point of access) by UK researchers via an application to one of NEIF’s steering committees. We also welcome to opportunity to collaborate via other research funding streams such as NERC Standard or Large Grant applications or via direct access/commercial routes.

Find out more about:


We are the largest UK producer of stable isotope data, particularly specialising in climate, environmental, and archaeological studies. We undertake high precision 2H/1H, 13C/12C, 15N/14N, 18O/16O, 30Si/28Si, and 34S/32S analysis, at natural abundance levels, of a wide range of sample materials, including waters, carbonates, silicates, organics, N & S compounds, phosphates, and methane. The laboratory has eleven gas-source isotope ratio mass spectrometers that are supported by adaptable ‘off-line’ preparation methods, with access to four high vacuum gas preparation lines, alongside state-of-the-art, fully automated ‘on-line’ techniques.

We specialise in the study of geochemical processes in the hydrosphere and atmosphere, with particular strength in 15N/14N and 34S/32S analysis of a wide variety of compounds associated with nutrient transfer and pollution in the global nitrogen and sulphur cycles. 18O/16O analysis of nitrates, phosphates and sulphates, which can provide valuable additional information on these environmentally important species, has now been added as a routine capability.

Our fluorination 18O/16O and 30Si/28Si analysis of diatoms and other opaline forms of silica is a unique capability in the UK, and one of only a handful of laboratories of its kind in the world.

For archaeological research, we specialise in triple 13C/12C, 15N/14N and 34S/32S methods in palaeodietary studies; and in addition, we have the capability to analyse 18O/16O on a wide range of material (including both phosphate and carbonate analyses of bioapatite). The wider facility’s combined 18O/16O and 87Sr/86Sr capability is especially valuable in studies of archaeological migration.

Materials we analyse include:

  • Waters: 2H/1H and 18O/16O of marine and fresh waters, fluid inclusions (following microlitre extractive methods), and soil/plant materials (following vacuum distillation)
  • Carbonates: 13C/12C and 18O/16O of microfossil and other pure calcium carbonates (down to 5 micrograms), impure carbonates, and aqueous bicarbonate
  • Silicates and phosphates: 18O/16O and 30Si/28Si of rock minerals, biogenic silica, and tooth/bone materials.
  • Organic materials: 2H/1H, 13C/12C, 15N/14N, 18O/16O, and 34S/32S of bulk organic materials (plants, soils, etc.)
  • Nitrogen and Sulphur compounds: 15N/14N, 34S/32S, and 18O/16O of nitrate, ammonium, sulphate, sulphide, and organic nitrogen and sulphur
  • Phosphate: 18O/16O of phosphate from soils, sediments and teeth
  • Methane: 13C/12C and 2H/1H in gas and water samples

The Stable Isotope Facility has eleven isotope ratio mass spectrometer systems:

  • GV Isoprime with EuroPyrOH for analysis of water 2H/1H in marine and fresh waters, fluid inclusions, soil/plant materials
  • Isoprime 100 with AquaPrep for analysis of water 18O/16O in marine and fresh waters, fluid inclusions, soil/plant materials
  • Isoprime 100 with MultiPrep for analysis of 13C/12C and 18O/16O of single microfossils
  • Isoprime precisION with isoFLOW for analysis of 13C/12C and 18O/16O of aqueous bicarbonate
  • GV Isoprime with MultiPrep for analysis of 13C/12C and 18O/16O of microfossil and other pure calcium carbonates
  • VG Optima for analysis of 13C/12C and 18O/16O of impure carbonates and aqueous bicarbonate
  • Isoprime precisION with vario ISOTOPE cube for analysis of 13C/12C, 15N/14N and C/N of bulk organic materials (plants, soils, etc.)
  • Thermo Finnigan DeltaplusXL with oxidative and reductive elemental analysers for analysis of nitrogen and sulphur compounds: 15N/14N, 34S/32S, and 18O/16O of nitrate, ammonium, sulphate, sulphide, and organic N and S as well as 2H/1H, 13C/12C, 15N/14N, 18O/16O, and 34S/32S of bulk organic materials (plants, soils, etc.)
  • Thermo Finnigan MAT 253 with manifold for analysis of 18O/16O and 30Si/28Si of rock minerals, biogenic silica, and tooth/bone materials
  • Thermo Finnigan IsoLink Elemental Analyser linked via continuous flow to a Delta V Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometer. The IsoLink combines both oxidative combustion, and high temperature reductive pyrolysis and utilises helium management to enable very high precision analysis on a variety of matrices for O/H and C/N/S. The technology allows triple analysis of CNS on small sample sizes at high precision.
  • Sercon Cyroprep for the analysis of 13C/12C and 2H/1H of methane from high to atmospheric concentrations in both gas and water samples.

How to access the Stable Isotope Facility

If you are eligible for a NERC training award or research grant you can apply for access to the Stable Isotope Facility via NEIF, which is free at the point of access. You can find out more about your eligibility by reading section C of the NERC Research Grants handbook.

Before submitting your application, it is important that you first seek the advice of staff at the facility. Applications are reviewed twice yearly (in June and November) by a NEIF panel appointed by NERC. Further details about NEIF, the application process, and a link to the application portal can be found at:

News, awards and publications


October 2020: Congratulations to the following who have received National Environmental Isotope Facility funding at the Autumn 2020 meeting for the following research projects

  • IP2297-0920 Prof DC Gooddy – Understand Biogeochemical Cycling in a Newly Constructed Wetland for Waste Water Treatment using Nutrient Isotopes.
  • IP2305-0920 Dr K Littler – Reconstructing the South Asian monsoon during the dynamic Pliocene.
  • IP2307-0920 Dr PM Wynn – The speleothem phosphate isotope record: Establishing a new proxy for palaeotemperature.
  • IP2308-0920 DR RA Staff – Reconstructing the strength of the East Asian Monsoon across Termination I from varved Japanese lake sediment.
  • IP2311-0920 Dr JF Dean – Determining the source of methane hotspots in urban waterways.
  • IP2314-0920 Dr MD Jones – Reconstructing lake levels and palaeohydrology from the middle-upper part of the Lake Lisan Formation, Dead Sea Basin, Jordan.
  • IP2315-0920 Dr P Anand – Late Pliocene and early Pleistocene Indian Summer Monsoon variability in response to climate.
  • IP2316-0920 Prof MJ Leng – Investigating the onset and evolution of Lake Ohrid during the Early Pleistocene.

May 2020: Congratulations to the following who have received National Environmental Isotope Facility funding at the Spring 2020 meeting for the following research projects

  • IP–2229–0520: Dr K Beck (Lincoln) – Disentangling Southern Hemisphere climate and environmental interactions of the late Pleistocene.
  • IP–2232–0520:  Dr K Edgar (Birmingham) – What was the dominant driver(s) of the early Eocene hyperthermal events? New insights from a benthic foraminiferal record from the Indian Ocean (IODP Site U1514).
  • IP–2236–0520:  Dr S Engels (Birkbeck) – Investigating and refining the use of oxygen isotopes from chironomid head capsule chitin to record past climatic changes.
  • IP–2237–0520:  Prof P Dennis (East Anglia) – RESOLVE.
  • IP–2242–0520:  Dr M Frogley (Sussex) – High-resolution responses to Holocene environmental shifts in the Balkans.
  • IP–2243–0520:  Dr K Selby (York) – Assessing the impact of current and future climate change on UK small lakes.
  • IP–2252–0520:  Prof R Gehrels (York) – Response of peatlands to future climate change: reconciling palaeoecological and experimental methods.
  • IP–2255–0520:  Dr M Jones (Nottingham) – Reconstructing lake levels and palaeohydrology from the Lake Lisan Formation, Jordan.
  • IP–2258–0520:  Dr S Kender (Exeter) – Understanding the causes and consequences of palaeoenvironmental change in the high latitudes during the Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event.
  • IP–2260–0520:  Prof B Lomax (Nottingham) – Inferring hydroclimate of subtropical Australia through the Holocene.

November 2020: Stable Isotope Research Apprenticeship – by Savannah Worne

After completing a PhD researching the interaction between subarctic sea ice, oceanic nutrient upwelling and global climate over the last 1 million years at the University of Nottingham, Savannah Worne is now undertaking an apprenticeship with us here at the British Geological Survey. Here, she tells us a little bit more about what the role entails…

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May 2020: Meet the isotope hunters: Part 2

In this post, Dr. Andi Smith and Dr. Jack Lacey will continue to explain their work as “Isotope Hunters” for environmental investigations and we will see how the answers provided by isotope fingerprints are powerful tools supporting academics and policymakers in their fight against high levels of pollution in air, water and soil and delivering them information on past climate.

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May 2020: Meet the isotope hunters: Part 1

In many countries, institutions are investigating ways to detect and measure pollution levels, allowing regulatory bodies to implement preventive actions to limit the negative effect of pollution on the air, land, and water, and their associated risks for human and environmental health. In environmental investigations that seek to understand climate change or pollution sources, isotope fingerprints can provide a unique insight into the origin or production of a sample material, providing a strong supportive tool for investigators. One such laboratory is the National Environmental Isotope Facility based at the British Geological Survey in Nottingham (UK), where the “Isotope Hunters” have been providing expert support for environmental research. In this series of posts, we want to better understand the work of “Isotope Hunters” for environmental investigations. For this reason, we interviewed Dr. Andi Smith and Dr. Jack Lacey, who will be discussing the work they carry out on environmental change within their specialty of stable isotope geochemistry.


February 2021: Palaeography, Palaeclimatology, Palaeoecology

Bennett, C E, Kearsey, T I, Davies, S J, Leng, M J, Millward, D, Smithson, T R, Brand, P J, Browne, M A E, Carpenter, D K, Marshall, J E A, Dulson, H, and Curry, L. 2021. Palaeoecology and palaeoenvironment of Mississippian coastal lakes and marshes during the early terrestrialisation of tetrapods. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, (564).

January 2021: Earth and Planetary science Letters

McCarron, A P, Bigg, G R, Brooks, H, Leng, M J, Marshall, J D, Ponomareva, V, Portnyagin, M, Reimer, P J, Rogerson, M. 2021. Northwest Pacific ice-rafted debris at 38°N reveals episodic ice-sheet change in late Quaternary Northeast Siberia. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 553.


December 2020: Palaeogeography, Palaoclimatology, Palaoecology

Hollyman, P R, Leng, M J, Chenery, S R N, Sloane, H J, and Richardson, C A. 2020. Calibration of shell δ18O from the common whelk Buccinum undatum highlights potential for palaeoenvironmental reconstruction. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.

November 2020: Quaternary Science Advances

Wilson, G P, Frogley, M R, Hughes, P D, Roucoux, K H, Margari, V, Jones, T D, Leng, M J, and Tzedakis, P C. 2020. Persistent millennial-scale climate variability in Southern Europe during Marine Isotope Stage 6. Quaternary Science Advances.

November 2020: Earth Science Reviews

Pienkowski, G, Hesselbo, S P, Barbacka, M, and Leng, M J. 2020. Non-marine carbon-isotope stratigraphy of the Triassic-Jurassic transition in the Polish Basin and its relationships to organic carbon preservation, pCO2 and palaeotemperature. Earth Science Reviews, 210.

October 2020: Palaeogeography, Palaoclimatology, Palaoecology

Johnson, A L A, Valentine, A-M M, Schöne, B R, Leng, M J, Sloane, H J, and Janekoviće, I. 2020. Growth-increment characteristics and isotopic (δ18O) temperature record of sub-thermocline Aequipecten opercularis (Mollusca:Bivalvia): Evidence from modern Adriatic forms and an application to early Pliocene examples from eastern England. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.

October 2020: Palaeogeography, Palaoclimatology, Palaoecology

Worne, S, Kender, S, Swann, G E A Leng, M J, and Ravelo, A C. 2020. Reduced upwelling of nutrient and carbon-rich water in the subarctic Pacific during the Mid-Pleistocene Transition. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 555, 109845.

September 2020: Science Advances

Wilke, T, Hauffe, T, Jovanovska, E, Cvetkoska, A, Donders, T, Ekschmitt, K, Francke, A, Lacey, J H, Levkov, Z, Marshall, C R, Neubauer, T A, Silvestro, D, Stelbrink, B, Vogel, H, Albrecht, C, Holtvoeth, J, Krastel, S, Leicher, N, Leng, M J, Lindhorst, K, Masi, A, Ognjanova-Rumenova, N, Panagiotopoulos, K, Reed, J M, Sadori, L, Tofilovska, S, Van Bocxlaer, B, Wagner-Cremer, F, Wesselingh, F P, Wolters, V, Zanchetta, G, Zhang, X, and Wagner, B. 2020. Deep drilling reveals massive shifts in evolutionary dynamics after formation of ancient ecosystem. Science Advances, 6.

September 2020: Marine Micropaleontology

Roberts, L R, Holmes, J A, Sloane, H J, Arrowsmith, C, Leng, M J, and Horne, D J. 2020. δ18O and δ13C of Cyprideis torosa from coastal lakes: Modern systematics and down-core interpretation. Marine Micropaleontology. 160.

September 2020: Earth and Planetary Science Letters

Stewart, J A, Robinson, L F, Day, R D, Strawson, I, Burke, A, Rae, J W B, Spooner, P T, Samperiz, A, Etnoyer, P J, Williams, B, Paytan, A, Leng, M J, Häussermann, V, Wickes, L N, Bratt, R, and Pryer, H. 2020. Refining trace metal temperature proxies in cold-water scleractinian and stylasterid corals. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 545, 116412.

September 2020: Earth and Planetary Science Letters

Samperiz, A, Robinson, L F, Stewart, J A, Strawson, I, Leng, M J, Rosenheim, B E, Ciscato, E R, Hendry, K R, and Santodomingo, N. 2020. Stylasterid corals: A new paleotemperature archive. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 545, 116407.

August 2020: Geobiology

Shen, J, Smith, A C, Claire, M W, and  Zerkle, A L. Unraveling biogeochemical phosphorus dynamics in hyperarid Mars‐analogue soils using stable oxygen isotopes in phosphate. Geobiology. 2020; 00: 1– 20.

August 2020: Quaternary Science Reviews

Broadman, E, Kaufman, D S, Henderson, A C E, Berg, E E, Anderson, S, Leng, M J, Stahnke, S A, and Muñoz, S E. 2020. Multi-proxy evidence for millennial-scale changes in North Pacific Holocene hydroclimate from the Kenai Peninsula lowlands, south-central Alaska. Quaternary Science Reviews, 241, 106420.

August 2020: Earth-Science Reviews

Francke, A, Holtvoeth, J, Codilean, A, Lacey, J H, Bayon, G, and Dosseto, A. 2020. Geochemical methods to infer landscape response to Quaternary climate change and land use in depositional archives: A review. Earth-Science Reviews, 207, 103218.

July 2020: Hydrological Processes

Duc, T A, Nga, D T, Panizzo, V N, McGowan, S, and Leng, M J. 2020. Using stable isotopes to estimate young water fractions in a heavily‐regulated, tropical lowland river basin. Hydrological Processes.

July 2020: Quaternary Science Reviews

Alsos, I, Sjögren, P, Brown, A, Gielly L, Merkel, M, Paus, A, Lammers, Y, Edwards, M, Alm, T, Leng, M, Goslar, T, Langdon, C, Bakke, J, and van der Bilt, W. 2020. Last Glacial Maximum environmental conditions at Andøya, northern Norway; evidence for a northern ice-edge ecological “hotspot”. Quaternary Science Reviews, 239.

June 2020: Chemical Geography

Ryves, D B, Leng, M J, Barker, P A, Snelling, A M, Sloane, H J, Arrowsmith, C, Tyler, J J, Scott, D R, Radbourne, A D, and Anderson, N J. 2020. Understanding the transfer of contemporary temperature signals into lake sediments via paired oxygen isotope ratios in carbonates and diatom silica: Problems and potential, Chemical Geology, 119705.

May 2020: Quaternary Science Reviews

Darby, S E Langdon, P G, Best, J L, Leyland, J, Hackney, C R Marti, M, Morgan, P R, Ben, S, Aalto, R, Parsons, D R, Nicholas, A P, and Leng, M J. 2020. Drainage and erosion of Cambodia’s great lake in the middle-late Holocene: The combined role of climatic drying, base-level fall and river capture. Quaternary Science Reviews, 236, 106265.

May 2020: Scientific Drilling

Russell, J M, Barker, P, Cohen, A, Ivory, S, Kimirei, I, Lane, C, Leng, M, Maganza, N, McGlue, M, Msaky, E, Noren, A, Park Boush, L, Salzburger, W, Scholz, C, Tiedemann, R, Nuru, S, and the Lake Tanganyika Scientific Drilling Project (TSDP) Consortium. 2020. ICDP workshop on the Lake Tanganyika Scientific Drilling Project: a late Miocene–present record of climate, rifting, and ecosystem evolution from the world’s oldest tropical lake, Sci. Dril., 27, 53–60.

May 2020: Geography and the Environment

Briddon, C L, McGowan, S, Metcalfe, S E, Panizzo, V, Lacey, J, Engels, S, Leng, M, Mills, K, Shafiq, M, and Idris, M. 2020. Diatoms in a sediment core from a flood pulse wetland in Malaysia record strong responses to human impacts and hydro–climate over the past 150 yearsGeo: Geography and Environment.

April 2020: PNAS

Sear, D A, Allen, M S, Hassall, J D, Maloney, A E, Langdon, P G, Morrison, A E, Henderson, A C G, Mackay, H, Croudace, I W, Clarke, C, Sachs, J, Macdonald, G, Chiverrell, R, Leng, M, Cisneros-Dozal, L, and Fonville, T. 2020. Human settlement of East Polynesia earlier, incremental, and coincident with prolonged South Pacific drought. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117, 8813–8819.

March 2020: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology

Cadd, H R, Tyler, J, Tibby, J, Baldock, J, Hawke, B, Barr, C, and Leng, M.J. 2020. The potential for rapid determination of charcoal from wetland sediments using infrared spectroscopy. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 542,109562.

February 2020: PNAS

Storm, M S, Hesselbo, S P Jenkyns, H C, Ruhl, M, Ullmann, C V, Xu, W, Leng, M J, Riding, J B, and Gorbanenko, O. 2020. Orbital pacing and secular evolution of the Early Jurassic carbon cycle. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117, 3974–3982.

February 2020: Scientific Reports

Pfahler, V, Macdonald, A, Mead, A, Smith, A C, and Tamburini, F. 2020. Changes of oxygen isotope values of soil P pools associated with changes in soil pHScientific Reports 10.

January 2020: Quaternary Science Reviews

Panagiotopoulos, K, Holtvoeth, J, Kouli, K, Marinova, E, Francke, A, Cvetkoska, A, Jovanovska, E, Lacey, J, Lyons, E, Buckel, C, Bertini, A, Donders, T, Just, J, Leicher, N, Leng, M, Melles, M, Pancost, R, Sadori, L, Tauber, P, Vogel, H, Wagner, B, and Wilke, T 2020. Insights into the evolution of the young Lake Ohrid ecosystem and vegetation succession from a southern European refugium during the Early Pleistocene. Quaternary Science Reviews, 227.

January 2020: Marine Geology

Carey, S, Sparks, R S J, Tucker, M E, Li, T, Robinson, L, Watt, S F L, Gee, M, Hastie, A, Barfod, D N, Stinton, A, Leng, M, Raineault, N, and Ballard, R.D. 2020. The polygenetic Kahouanne Seamounts in the northern Lesser Antilles island arc: Evidence for large-scale volcanic island subsidence. Marine Geology, 419, 106046.

January 2020: Journal of Biogeography

Gosling, W D, Sear, D A, Hassall, J D, Langdon, P G, Bönnen, M N T, Driessen, T D, van Kemenade, Z R, Noort, K, Leng, M J, Croudace, I W, Bourne, A J, and McMichael, C N H. 2020. Human occupation and ecosystem change on Upolu (Samoa) during the Holocene. Journal of Biogeography.


Contact Béatrice Bullock-von Moos for further information about the Stable isotope facility.


April 2019: European Science Foundation

Congratulations to Prof Melanie Leng who has been appointed to sit on the European Science Foundation College of external reviewers for a three year period.

March 2019: Isotopes in Biogenic Silica group

Congratulations to Jack Lacey for being invited to be a convenor of the working group: Isotopes in Biogenic Silica (IBiS). The study of biogenic silica (silica deposited in plants, algae and animals) in Quaternary sediments is currently being revolutionised by technical advances in stable-isotope mass spectrometry, ICP–MS and 32Si dating. Growing interest in the global biogeochemical cycle of silicon and its coupling with the carbon cycle is evident from an upsurge of papers, while a wide range of disciplines including physiology, ecology, geochemistry, hydrology, geomorphology, pedology, agronomy, forestry, limnology, oceanography and biogeochemical modelling has begun to focus on processes involving biogenic silica in the modern environment.


November 2019: Congratulations to the following who have received National Environmental Isotope Facility funding at the Autumn 2019 meeting for the following research projects

  • EK307–08/18: Dr C Rice (Southampton) — Macroecological study of the field metabolic rates of marine fishes using otolith carbon stable isotopes
  • IP–1939–1119: D Gooddy (BGS) — A multi–nutrient isotope approach to understand the impact of water treatment on inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus in public water supplies
  • IP–1942–1119: R Holdsworth (Durham) — Fracture connectivity and fluid sourcing in the Cleveland Basin
  • IP–1943–1119: M Jones (Nottingham) — 2,000 years of hydrological change in Africa: implications for future climate scenarios
  • IP–1944–1119: J Lee–Thorp (Oxford) — Sea surface temperature and hunter–gatherer marine resource use from marine carbonates in northern Japanese prehistory
  • IP–1948–1119: S McGowan (Nottingham) — Understanding long–term environmental conditions to inform sustainable aquaculture development in Lake Victoria, Kenya
  • IP–1949–1119: H O’Regan (Nottingham) — A multi–isotope study of human movement and diet in Middle Saxon East Anglia
  • IP–1950–1119: V Peck (BAS) — Reconstructing variability of the “cold water route” through the late Pleistocene

June 2019: Member of the British Empire

Melanie Leng, head of the Stable isotope facility (and Chief Scientist for Environmental Change Adaptation and Resilience) has been awarded an MBE in this year’s Queen’s Birthday Honours List for services to environmental science. The list, which has been published annually since 1917, recognises those who have contributed to the British Empire. MBE, or Member of the British Empire, is bestowed upon those who have made a considerable contribution to the community through their line of work.

June 2019: The following NEIF–SC applications to the stable isotope facility at BGS were awarded

  • IP–1901–0619: Dr K Adamson (Manchester Met) – Reconstructing palaeoenvironmental conditions in the Egyptian Nile Valley from the Old Kingdom to present (pilot)
  • IP–1910–1019: Dr A Henderson (Newcastle) – Holocene climate evolution in Arctic Alaska and its link to Aleutian Low variability
  • IP–1913–0619: Dr B Hoogakker (Heriot Watt) – Lessons from the past: Deoxygenation of the ocean
  • IP–1914–1619: Dr S Kender (Exeter) – Deep sea biotic responses during Cretaceous Oceanic Anoxic Event (OAE) 2 in the southern high latitudes
  • IP–1915–0619: Dr S Kender (Exeter) – Oceanographic and vegetation changes across the Palaeocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum in NW Europe and the Arctic
  • IP–1918–0619: Prof M Leng (Nottingham) – Stable C Isotope Analyses Coupled to XRF Core Scanning through a UK Black Shale Giant
  • IP–1924–0619: Dr J Pike (Cardiff) – Holocene diatom and sponge spicule oxygen isotope ratios from the west Antarctic Peninsula: exploring seasonal and depth related isotope offsets using paired samples
  • IP–1926–0619: Dr Z Shi (Birmingham) – Changing Shipping Emissions: Impact on sulphate Aerosol in the marine atmosphere (CSEIA)
  • IP–1927–0619: Prof G Shields (UCL) – Paleoceanographic context of organic matter deposition on the Yangtze craton, South China during the Ediacaran Period
  • IP–1929–0619: Dr M van Hardenbroek (Newcastle) – Iron Age Palaeoenvironments of North West Scotland (pilot)

March 2019: British Academy/Leverhulme Trust

Angela Lamb and Jane Evans, along with Richard Madgwick (University of Cardiff) have been awarded a British Academy/Leverhulme Trust small grant (supported by the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy and the Caton-Thompson Fund), entitled ‘Wet Feet: Developing sulphur isotope provenance methods to identify wetland inhabitants’. The project aims to refine our understanding of how sulphur isotopes can be used as an isotope fingerprinting tool for individuals living on Jurassic mudstones and/or wetland environments.

January 2019: Australian Research Council award

Congratulations to Melanie Leng for her contribution to the successful Australian Research Council grant: “East Australian climate extremes through the Holocene”. The project aims are to document climate variability in eastern Australia over the Holocene (the last ~11 500 years) and seeks to develop Australia’s two highest–resolution Holocene climate records using novel techniques (including isotopes) to infer past rainfall, temperature and evaporation. In particular the plan is to determine the frequency, duration and causes of megadroughts in eastern Australia, of which little is known. Expected project outcomes include improved decision making capacity for natural resource management, and planning. Mel is a Partner Investigator with the University of Adelaide Chief Investigators (Dr John Tibby and Dr Jonathan Tyler).


December 2019: Suigetsu, Sediment and Silica: Embarking on my PhD: by Charlie Rex

Anyone who has started researching something new is well aware of the challenges involved: vast amounts of literature, creating sensible hypotheses and selecting a suitable methodology (among other hurdles!). For new PhD students, this can also involve a totally new setting, such as a new city, country, or continent. Thankfully I didn’t have to move continent, but I did make the move to Scotland and start fresh on a PhD topic that I found fascinating and unfamiliar in equal measure. Though this was daunting, I am incredibly fortunate to be surrounded by a multidisciplinary, multi-continental academic network who have helped me get off to a good start! Find out more about Charlie’s experience below.

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November 2019: Building Capacity for Archaeological Science in Turkey: by Emma Baysal and Holly Miller

Emma Baysal from Trakya University and Holly Miller of the University of Nottingham and BGS Visiting Research Fellow were awarded a Newton Advanced Fellowship. ‘Building Capacity for Sustainable Archaeological Science and Heritage in Turkey’ (NAFR1180204) promotes capacity building, education and training in the field of archaeological science in Turkey. This is the second in a series of three blogs that will discuss their initial three weeks of activities at BGS with guest researchers from Turkey.

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October 2019: BGS Wilding Group – Every Tree Counts

The BGS Keyworth based Wilding Group have been up and running for a few months now and over the course of a lunchtime each month we work on specific areas of our site to encourage wildlife and help increase biodiversity.

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October 2019: Newton Advanced Fellowship: BGS Training Program Week One… by Emma Baysal et al

Emma Baysal (Trakya University) and Holly Miller (University of Nottingham) were awarded a Newton Advanced Fellowship to promote capacity building, education and training in the field of archaeological science in Turkey. This is the first in a series of three blogs that will discuss their initial three weeks of activities at BGS, with guest researchers from Turkey.

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September 2019: Stable Isotope Mass Spectrometer User Group meeting 2019 by Rob Burton

The 15th SIMSUG meeting was hosted by the Organic Geochemistry Unit at the University of Bristol. SIMSUG offers a platform for innovations in stable isotope research methodology and analytical instrumentation to be communicated amongst members of the stable isotope community. Attendees at SIMSUG included delegates from research institutes, manufacturers and technical experts; each providing a unique contribution towards the wide-ranging spectrum of content.

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August 2019: Why we need a Geo-Observatory of Africa’s oldest lake by Melanie Leng

This summer, Melanie Leng (BGS’s Chief Scientist for Environmental Change Adaptation) attended a workshop in Dar es Saleem, Tanzania, with around 70 other scientists from 10 countries, with the aim to form a plan to create a palaeo Geo–Observatory in this region. The Geo–Observatory, in the form of a long sediment core, will contain information on past conditions in Lake Tanganyika and tropical East Africa. Here Melanie tells us about why we need to do research in this region and what happens next.

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March 2019: Homeward Bound: Last Leg of the ORCHESTRA Cruise (Part 4)… by Carol Arrowsmith

We were at sea for around eight weeks on the RRS James Clark Ross, undertaking the ANDREXII transect. We set off from the Punta Arenas, Chile, calling in at the Falklands before crossing the Drake Passage to the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula at 60oS, and then out along over 3000 miles to the Indian Ocean at 30oE. Find out more from Carol below.

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May 2019: Talking environmental change and human impact at EGU19… by Dr Jack Lacey

Dr Jack Lacey from the BGS Stable Isotope Facility attended EGU from April 7–12. Today he tells us about his week and the research he presented…

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May 2019: Latest Developments in Methane Isotope Analysis… by Andi Smith

Recent requirements for understanding methane formation processes has led to investment in a new stable isotope mass spectrometer by BGS. This instrument is specifically designed to analyse both carbon and hydrogen isotopes in water and gas samples and is perfectly set up to support large groundwater and soil gas surveys. As part of the launch of this equipment the stable isotope team including Prof. Melanie Leng and Dr Andi Smith went and presented the new instrumentation at European General Assembly last month.

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March 2019: Prehistoric Britons rack up food miles for feasts near Stonehenge

A collaboration between BGS (Angela Lamb, Jane Evans and Hilary Sloane) and scientists from Cardiff University, University of Sheffield and University College London has provided evidence of the earliest large-scale celebrations in Britain – with people and animals travelling hundreds of miles for prehistoric feasting rituals. The study, led by Dr Richard Madgwick of Cardiff University, is the most comprehensive to date and examined the bones of 131 pigs, the prime feasting animals, from four Late Neolithic (c. 2800-2400BC) complexes. Serving the world-famous monuments of Stonehenge and Avebury, the four sites – Durrington Walls, Marden, Mount Pleasant and West Kennet Palisade Enclosures – hosted the very first pan-British events, feasts that drew people and animals from across Britain. The isotope results show pig bones excavated from these sites were from animals raised as far away as Scotland, North East England and West Wales, as well as numerous other locations across the British Isles. The study, ‘Multi-isotope analysis reveals that feasts in the Stonehenge environs and across Wessex drew people and animals from throughout Britain’, was funded by the British Academy and NERC and is published in Science Advances.

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March 2019: Full steam ahead with the sampling on the RRS James Clark Ross: ORCHESTRA Part 3… by Carol Arrowsmith

We are now cruising along the 60oS latitude, having crossed the Drake Passage, passing Elephant Island (off the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula), between Coronation and Laurie Island and are now out in the Weddell Sea at approximately 23oW. This leg of the ORCHESTRA hydrographic/tracer section covers the northern rim of the Weddell Gyre and is called ANDREXII (Antarctic Deep Water Rates of Export). This leg was previously sampled 10 years ago so we are interested to see the difference global warming has made to the ocean. Carol is half way through a research cruise across the Weddell Sea as part of ORCHESTRA.

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March 2019: Tropical palaeoclimate meeting as temperatures break records in the UK… by Heather Moorhouse

In 2018, the UK NERC-funded collaborators of the International Continental scientific Drilling Program – DeepCHALLA project met in Cambridge amidst a Siberian blast, known as the ‘Beast from the East’, as temperatures plummeted and ice and snow disrupted UK travel. In 2019 however, the scientists met in tropical Lancaster, during maximum temperature records for the month of February. It is predicted that weather events will be increasingly unpredictable, variable and extreme, and the temperature differences between our two meetings merely serves to highlight the future under climate change.

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March 2019: From Chile to the Falklands and beyond: ORCHESTRA Part 2… by Carol Arrowsmith

I left the UK last Saturday and flew to Punta Arenas in Chile. There we waited (with various, BAS, NOC and university colleagues) to board the RRS James Clark Ross; a few days later we departed for the Falkland Islands. On board our first task was to lash down all the equipment in the ship’s laboratories needed for our sampling and familiarise ourselves with the layout of the ship. We have been accompanied for most of the journey so far by a variety of birds and mammals, including magnificent black-browed albatross, that mostly just sit in the water surrounding the ship waiting for food (to upwell from beneath the ship).

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February 2019: Investigating the Southern Ocean: Part 1… by Carol Arrowsmith

In a few days I will be embarking on my leg of the major NERC project called ORCHESTRA (Ocean Regulation of Climate through Heat and Carbon Sequestration and Transport) to collect seawater samples for isotope analysis. My leg is called ANDREX II – Antarctic Deep Water Rates of Export (ANDREX), and is the second time this part of the ocean has been sampled. I will be boarding the RRS James Clark Ross in Punta Arenas and following a stop off in the Falklands will start sampling from the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula along the 60°S parallel and across the Southern Ocean to 30°E, before returning to the Falklands in mid April.

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February 2019: BGS and Heriot–Watt Partnership in Action: Geochemistry and Carbon Burial at the BSRG AGM 2018… by Joe Emmings

In late December, Joe Emmings (BGS) and Tom Wagner (Heriot–Watt University) convened Geochemistry and Carbon Burial Sessions at the British Sedimentological Research Group (BSRG) AGM. Here Joe tells us about the conference and ongoing research in this area…

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February 2019: Can we use carbon isotopes to tell us about past levels of CO2 in the atmosphere?… by Barry Lomax and Melanie Leng

Dr Barry Lomax and Prof Melanie Leng are isotope geochemists who work on understanding how the isotopic composition of environmental materials can tell us about past environments. Here they blog about their new paper, available via open access in the premiere geochemistry journal (Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta), co–authored by Dr Janice Lake and Dr Phillip Jardine on the use of carbon isotopes in plant materials to predict atmospheric CO2. The paper sets out to test this relationship to determine if it could be used as a tool for estimating changes in atmospheric CO2 concentrations through geological time.

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November 2019: Congratulations to Savannah Worne on the successful defence of her PhD entitled Investigating Bering Sea oceanographic response to the Milankovitch orbital cycle climatic shift during the middle Pleistocene. Savannah wrote her thesis by paper and these have been published so far:

  • Worne, S, Kender, S, Swann, G E A, Leng, M J, and Ravelo, A C. 2019. Coupled climate and subarctic Pacific nutrient upwelling over the last 850 000 years. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 522, 87–97.
  • Kender, S, Ravelo, A C, Worne, S, Swann, G E A, Leng, M J, Asahi, H, Becker, J, Detlef, H, Aiello, I W, Andreasen D, and Hall, I R. 2018. Closure of the Bering Strait caused Mid–Pleistocene Transition cooling. Nature Communications. 9, 5386.
  • Swann, G E A, Kendrick, C P, Dickson, A J, and Worne, S. 2018. Late Pliocene marine pCO2 reconstructions from the Subarctic Pacific Ocean. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology. 33, 457–469.


Savannah was supervised at Nottingham by Profs George Swann and Sarah Metcalfe, at Exeter by Dr Sev Kender and undertook her isotope analysis at BGS with Prof Melanie Leng.

June 2019: Congratulations to Elizabeth Atar on the successful defence of her PhD thesis entitled ‘Late Jurassic Sedimentation in the Boreal–Tethyan Seaway: climate modelling, geochemistry, and petrography of the Kimmeridge Clay Formation’

Climate exerts a strong influence on sedimentation. Understanding the processes behind the spatial and temporal heterogeneities in sedimentary successions can, therefore, be used to reconstruct climate processes in the geological past. Deposited across >1000 km in northwest Europe in the shallow (< 200 m), epicontinental Laurasian Seaway, the Kimmeridge Clay Formation provides an exceptional opportunity to study climate processes and their effect on sedimentation at different latitudes through the Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian–Tithonian). This thesis presents independent climate modelling, sedimentological, and geochemical datasets from three time–equivalent sections, spanning 1 million years, in the northern and southern extents of the Laurasian Seaway (30–60°°N palaeo–latitude) in order to investigate climate dynamics and controls on sedimentation at different northern hemisphere latitudes in the Late Jurassic. The climate modelling results yield two different hypotheses: 1) HadCM3L indicates that an expanded Hadley Cell and migrated intertropical convergence zone resulted in tropical conditions over the Laurasian Seaway, whereby organic carbon-enrichment in sediments was promoted through enhanced nutrient supply resulting from continental weathering and erosion, and 2) FOAM suggests subtropical–temperate conditions prevailed and that organic carbon enrichment was driven by wind–driven upwelling of nutrient–rich water.

Sedimentological and geochemical analyses for the Ebberston 87 Core, drilled in the Cleveland Basin (Yorkshire, UK), indicates depositional conditions fluctuated between three distinct states and that alternations of organic carbon–rich, carbonate–rich, and clay–rich mudstone and redox conditions were driven by the expansion/migration of the intertropical convergence zone. Analysis of the Swanworth Quarry 1 Core, drilled in the Wessex Basin (Dorset, UK), reveals that although depositional energy differed between the Cleveland and Wessex Basins, sedimentation in both basins was driven by the same, over–arching tropical climate control. Analysis of a third core, drilled in Adventdalen (Svalbard), demonstrates that organic carbon–rich sedimentation occurred in a deltaic setting, which had a markedly higher depositional energy. While the depositional environments in the northern and southern sectors of the Laurasian Seaway differed substantially, similarities between the three studied sections, namely cyclical deposition of terrestrial organic carbon–rich and detrital–rich sedimentation, integrated with published data from throughout the seaway, suggest a low–latitude, tropical influence on sedimentation and organic carbon enrichment across the entire Laurasian Seaway. Furthermore, the palaeogeographic setting of the Laurasian Seaway made the sedimentary system sensitive to subtle changes in weathering and water depths, resulting in distinct modes of sedimentation and biogeochemical cycling.

June 2019: Congratulations to Katrina Kerr on the successful defence of her PhD thesis entitled ‘Reconstructing the Indian Summer Monsoon response to global climate change’

The Indian Summer Monsoon, a subsystem of the Asian Monsoon, is one of Earth’s most dynamic expressions of oceanic–atmospheric–terrestrial processes affecting some of Earth’s most densely populated regions. Therefore, it is imperative to have a comprehensive understanding of the Indian Summer Monsoon in order to understand how its behaviour may be manifested by anthropogenic induced climate changes. Reconstructing how the monsoon behaved in the past presents an opportunity to disentangle its sensitivities to a range of forcing parameters ( volume) during periods of differing climatic states.

However, understanding of how the Indian Summer Monsoon behaved in the past has been limited both spatially and temporally, further constrained by discrepancies among climate proxy records. This work fills both a temporal and spatial gap in our knowledge of the past behaviour of the Indian Summer Monsoon. High–resolution (millennial to centennial scale) records of Indian Summer Monsoon induced river runoff and surface freshening from the core convective region of the Indian Summer Monsoon, the northern Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea, have been generated from 70 to 140 thousand years ago. These records provide an insight into how the Indian Summer Monsoon responded to the penultimate deglaciation (Termination II), the subsequent warmth of the Last Interglacial Period and ensuing oscillations between the warm interstadial and cold stadial periods of Marine Isotope Stage 5. These records are compared with both high–latitude and low–latitude climate records in order to understand how the monsoon responded to changes in Earth’s internal climate system and the influence of external preconditioning

May 2019: Congratulations to Dr Stuart Young on the successful defence of his PhD thesis entitled: The ecology of immune variation in wild house mice (Mus musculus domesticus).

Stuart was supervised by Jan Bradley (University of Nottingham) and collaborated with Angela Lamb (BGS) on stable isotope analysis. Stuart is now working as a Programme Officer for the IUCN Asian Wild Cattle Specialist Group based at Chester Zoo. A paper on Stuart’s work has just been published in Functional Ecology:

Taylor, C H, Young, S, Fenn, J, Lamb, A L, Lowe, A E, Poulin, B, MacColl, A D C, and Bradley, J E. 2019. Immune state is associated with natural dietary variation in wild mice Mus musculus domesticus. Functional Ecology. doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.13354.


December 2019: Scientific Reports

Madgwick, R, Grimes, V, and Lamb, A L. et al. 2019. Feasting and Mobility in Iron Age Ireland: Multi-isotope analysis reveals the vast catchment of Navan Fort, Ulster. Scientific Reports.

November 2019: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry

Cockitt, J, Lamb, A, and Metcalfe, R. 2019. An Ideal Solution? Optimising Pretreatment Methods for Artificially Mummified Ancient Egyptian Tissues. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry.

November 2019: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology

Emmings, J F, Poulton, S W, Vane, C H, Davies, S, Jenkin, G R T, Stephenson, M H, Leng, M J, Lamb, A, Moss-Hayes, V. 2019. A Mississippian black shale record of redox oscillation in the Craven Basin, UK. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 109423.

November 2019: The Holocene

Lewis, J P, Lamb, A L, Ryves, D B, Rasmussen, P, Leng, M J, Andersen, S H. 2019. δ18O–inferred salinity from Littorina littorea (L.) gastropods in a Danish shell midden at the Mesolithic–Neolithic transition. The Holocene.

October 2019: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry

Pfahler, V, Bielnicka, A, Smith, A C, Granger, S J, Blackwell, M S A, and Turner, B L. 2019. A rapid ammonium fluoride method to determine the oxygen isotope ratio of available phosphorus in tropical soils. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry

October 2019: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry

Mannella, G, Zanchetta, G, Regattieri, E, et al. 2019. Effects of organic removal techniques prior to carbonate stable isotope analysis of lacustrine marls: a case study from palaeo–lake Fucino (central Italy). Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom.

September 2019: Nature

Wagner, B, Vogel, H, Francke, A, Friedrich, T, Donders, T, Lacey, J H, Leng, M J, Regattieri, E, Sadori, L, Wilke, T, Zanchetta, G, Albrecht, C, Bertini, A, Combourieu–Nebout, N, Cvetkoska, A, Giaccio, B, Grazhdani, A, Hauffe, T, Holtvoeth, J, Joannin, S, Jovanovska, E, Just, J, Kouli, K, Kousis, I, Koutsodendris, A, Krastel, S, Lagos, M, Leicher, N, Levkov, Z, Lindhorst, K, Masi, A, Melles, M, Mercuri, A, Nomade, S, Nowaczyk, N, Panagiotopoulos, K, Peyron, O, Reed, J, Sagnotti, L, Sinopoli, G, Stelbrink, B, Sulpizio, R, Timmermann, A, Tofilovska, S, Torri, P, Wagner–Cremer, F, Wonik, T, and Zhang, X. 2019. Mediterranean winter rainfall in phase with African monsoons during the past 1.36 million years. Nature.

September 2019: Limnology and Oceanography Letters

Osburn, C L, Anderson, N J, Leng, M J, Barry, C D, and Whiteford, E J. 2019. Stable isotopes reveal independent carbon pools across an Arctic hydro–climatic gradient: Implications for the fate of carbon in warmer and drier conditions. Limnology and Oceanography Letters.

September 2019: The Holocene

Fong, L S, Leng, M J, and Taylor, D. 2019. A century of anthropogenic environmental change in tropical Asia: Multi–proxy palaeolimnological evidence from Singapore’s Central Catchment. The Holocene.

August 2019: Climate of the Past

Atar, E, Marz, C, Aplin, A, Dellwig, O, Herringshaw, L, Lamoureux-Var, V, Leng, M J, Schnetger, B, and Wagner, T. 2019. Dynamic climate-driven controls on the deposition of the Kimmeridge Clay Formation in the Cleveland Basin, Yorkshire, UK. Climate of the Past.

September 2019: Marine Geology

Khan, N S, Vane, C H, Engelhart, S E, Kendrick, C, and Horton, B P. 2019. The application of δ13C, TOC and C/N geochemistry of mangrove sediments to reconstruct Holocene paleoenvironments and relative sea levels, Puerto Rico. Marine Geology.

August 2019: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences

Evans, J, Parker Pearson, M, Madgwick, R, Sloane, H, and Albarella, U. 2019. Strontium and oxygen isotope evidence for the origin and movement of cattle at Late Neolithic Durrington Walls, UK. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences.

July 2019: Earth and Planetary Science Letters

Worne, S, Kender, S, Swann, E A, Leng, M J, and Ravelo, A C. 2019. Coupled climate and subarctic Pacific nutrient upwelling over the last 850 000 years. Earth Planetary Science Letters.

July 2020: Quaternary Science Reviews

Woods, M A, Wilkinson, I P, Leng, M J, Riding, J B, Vane, C H, Lopes dos Santos, R A, Kender, S, De Schepperd, S, Hennissen, J A I, Ward, S L, Gowing, C J B, Wilby, P R, Nichols, M D, and Rochelle, C A. 2019. Tracking Holocene palaeostratification and productivity changes in the Western Irish Sea: A multi–proxy record. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.

May 2019: PLOS One

Carvalho, F, Brown, K A, Waller, M P, Bunting, M J, Boom, A, et al. 2019. A method for reconstructing temporal changes in vegetation functional trait composition using Holocene pollen assemblages. PLOS ONE 14(5).

June 2019: Palaeontology

Angiolini, L, Crippa, G, Azmy, K, Capitani, G, Confalonieri, G, Della Porta, G, Griesshaber, E, Harper, D A, Leng, M J, Nolan, L, Orlandi, M, Posenato, R, Schmahl, W W, Banks, V J, and Stephenson, M H. 2019. The giants of the phylum Brachiopoda: a matter of diet? Palaeontology.

April 2019: Functional Ecology

Taylor, C H, Young, S, Fenn, J, Lamb, A L, Lowe, A E, Poulin, B, MacColl, A D C, and Bradley, J E. 2019. Immune state is associated with natural dietary variation in wild mice Mus musculus domesticus. Functional Ecology.

April 2019: Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology

Barnet, J S K, Littler, K, Westerhold, T, Kroon, D, Leng, M J, Bailey, I, Röhl, U, and Zachos, J C. 2019. A High–Fidelity Benthic Stable Isotope Record of Late Cretaceous–Early Eocene Climate Change and Carbon–Cycling. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology.

April 2019: Global and Planetary Change

Francke, A, Dosseto, A, Panagiotopoulos, K, Leicher, N, Lacey, J H, Kyrikou, S, Wagner, B, Zanchetta, G, Kouli, K, and Leng, M J. 2019. Sediment residence time reveals Holocene shift from climatic to vegetation control on catchment erosion in the Balkans. Global and Planetary Change.

March 2019: Nature Geoscience

Neilsson–Kerr, K, Anand, P, Sexton, P F, Leng, M J, Misra, S, Clemens, S C, and Hammond, S J. 2019. Role of Asian summer monsoon subsystems in the inter–hemispheric progression of deglaciation. Nature Geoscience.

March 2019: Science Advances

Madgwick, R, Lamb, A L, Sloane,H, Nederbragt, A J, Albarella, U, Parker Pearson, M, and Evans, J A. 2019. Multi-isotope analysis reveals that feasts in the Stonehenge environs and across Wessex drew people and animals from throughout Britain. Science Advances, 5 (3), eaau6078.

March 2019: Journal of human evolution

Lomax, B H, Lake, J A, Leng, M J, and Jardine, P E. 2019. An experimental evaluation of the use of δ13C as a proxy for palaeoatmospheric CO2. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 247, 162–174.

February 2019: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta

Lomax, B H, Lake, J A, Leng, M J, and Jardine, P E. 2018. An experimental evaluation of the use of d13C as a proxy for palaeoatmospheric CO2. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. In Press.

February 2019: Palaios

Johnson, A L A, Valentine, A M, Leng, M J, Schone, B R, and Sloane, H J. 2019. Life history, environment and extinction of the scallop Carolinapecten eboreus (Conrad) in the Plio-Pleistocene of the US Eastern seaboard. Palaios, 34, 49–70.

February 2019: Scientific Reports

Barr, C, Tibby, J, Leng, M J, Tyler, J J, Henderson, A C G, Overpeck, J T, Simpson, G L, Cole, J E, Phipps, S J, Marshall, J C, McGregor, G G, Hua, Q, and McRobie, F H. 2019. Holocene El Niño–Southern Oscillation variability reflected in subtropical Australian precipitation. Scientific Reports, 9, 1627.

January 2019: Book Chapter

Hausmann, H, Kokkinaki, O, and Leng, M J. 2019. Red Sea Palaeoclimate: stable isotope and element–ratio analysis of marine mollusc shells. In: Rasul, N M A, and Stewart, I C F (eds.), Geological Setting, Palaeoenvironment and Archaeology of the Red Sea, Springer.


Contact Béatrice Bullock-von Moos for further information about the Stable isotope facility.

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For more information about this facility, please contact Prof. Mel Leng.

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