Science briefing papers

Government and policy

BGS has corporate policy positions on a range of geoscience topics. The science briefing papers allow BGS scientists to reflect and communicate their science in a succinct way to other experts, policymakers and the public.

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Deep geothermal diagram

DEEP IMPACT: UNLOCKING THE POTENTIAL OF GEOTHERMAL ENERGY FOR AFFORDABLE, LOW-CARBON HEATING IN THE UK

Deep geothermal energy exists in many parts of the UK. Where they coincide with towns and cities, geothermal resources can provide affordable and secure low-carbon heating to thousands of homes, offices and other buildings.

Science briefing note – deep geothermal
SBN_metals2

Metals and decarbonisation: a geological perspective

The Metals and Decarbonisation Science Briefing Paper summarises the current paradigm for global metal supply and demand, and sets out some of the barriers and opportunities that this presents to the transition to a more sustainable, low carbon economy.

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SBN_geothermal

Who owns geothermal heat?

Geothermal heat, undoubtedly, is a natural resource that can benefit the nation at both, national and local level. Therefore, it needs to be managed and regulated in a similar way to other natural resources such as oil, gas, coal and water. This requires a clear definition of the term ‘geothermal energy’ as well as a clear understanding of ‘Who Owns Heat’ in the ground.

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SBN_minerals

Reserve judgement: Focus effort on decarbonisation not depletion

While it is true that the Earth is a finite system, there is no prospect of physical exhaustion of minerals and metals in the foreseeable future.Questioning how much we have left in the Earth’s crust is a serious diversion from the immediate challenge of rapidly approaching environmental limits associated with current methods used in the extraction and refining of minerals and metals.

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