The decarbonisation and resource management challenge area fits within the context of the increased need to decarbonise energy and industry, the need to use resources more optimally, intense global competition for resources and a need to expand the delivery of affordable, sustainable energy across the world .
Deep geological disposal is a key solution to the long-term, safe management of radioactive waste but it requires understanding complex subsurface processes for up to one million years in the future. Important science considerations include:
- containment: understanding of subsurface fluid processes is vital to the containment of radioactive materials
- siting: understanding the geology of a geo-disposal site will inform safe site selection
The carbon capture and storage (CCS) topic will support the UK, Europe and other countries in developing safe, efficient CO2 storage, to decarbonise industry, power, transport and heating to meet net zero targets.
- Planning a CO2 storage site: developing a carbon dioxide (CO₂) storage pilot.
- Developing and maintaining technologies and methodologies: predicting the evolution of the CO₂ plume by observing site behaviour before, during and after injection of CO₂
- Containment: selecting and characterising geological sites that are expected to enable permanent containment.
- CO₂ injection, pressure management and storage optimisation: understanding the limits on pressure increases, improving methods for injection and managing pressure increases.
- Planning and licensing regulation.
Energy storage is a new topic area for the BGS. The strategy is:
- to quantify the energy storage potential (capacity and location) offered by UK geological formations
- to investigate and address geological barriers and hazards associated with the deployment of underground energy storage
- to improve knowledge of thermal, hydrogeological, mechanical, chemical and microbiological influences on underground energy storage
- to establish collaborative and innovative approaches to address these objectives
The emphasis of this topic’s research will be on the UK, where rapid development of geothermal power and heat and geo-exchange applications is urgently needed. Three priority areas have been identified that will be the focus of the topic’s activities over its lifetime.
Research in these areas is expected to have considerable impact, e.g. through reducing uncertainties in resource identification, supporting policy and regulation, and by generating knowledge that supports technology deployment and increases the numbers of geothermal applications in the UK before 2030.
The research will be delivered through three subtopics:
- geothermal road map
- geothermal potential of Carboniferous basins
- subsurface urban heat resources
Understanding the origin, transport and concentration of the metals and materials that are critical for the transition to a low-carbon economy.
The BGS-led UK Geoenergy Observatories project is shining a light on the subsurface’s potential to provide geothermal energy.
The framework will help to identify data improvements to support more joined-up decision making about land use in Devon.
Carbon sequestration is one method of reducing the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, by capturing and storing it, contributing to climate change reduction.
The European Geothermal Congress will discuss how the geothermal sector can help with the energy crisis.
BGS scientists Clive Mitchell (industrial minerals geologist) and Elliott Hamilton (environmental chemist) report on their recent visit to the Copperbelt Province in Zambia.
A new report underlines importance of community engagement in achieving the UK national climate change targets.
The UK’s first-ever centre to collect and analyse information on the supply of critical minerals, which are vital to the UK’s economic success and national security, has officially launched.
New 3D model will help guide exploration for rare earth element deposits in alkaline igneous systems
A team of scientists and institutions across Europe have developed a new 3D geological model designed to guide exploration for rare earth elements.
A new publication highlights the wide-ranging geological availability of bismuth, a critical raw material that has historically been overlooked in academic research.
A new interactive exhibition has launched at Glasgow Science Centre, inspired by the work of the UK Geoenergy Observatories.