Fossils & palaeontology

Biostratigraphy image

A fossil is the remains of an organism that has been buried by natural processes and become permanently preserved. The remains can include microscopically small fossils, such as single-celled foraminifera or pollen grains, as well as more familiar fossils such as trilobites, ammonites, bivalves and brachiopods. Fossils provide important evidence for evolution, and the adaptation of plants and animals to their environments. Through the process of evolution, different kinds of fossils occur in rocks of different ages, enabling geologists to use fossils to understand geological history. Ancient environmental changes are also reflected by fossils, such as the abundant fossil corals found in rocks of Lower Carboniferous age, showing that parts of the UK were covered by a warm, shallow, tropical sea, like those in which modern day corals flourish

Lower Carboniferous tropical reef

Our core work is biostratigraphical and palaeoecological investigation in the fields of: