Dr Charlotte Vye-Brown

Dr Charlotte Vye-Brown

Volcanologist

Location: Edinburgh

Tel: 0131 6500 269

E-mail Dr Charlotte Vye-Brown

Biography

  •  2012 – ongoing : Senior Volcanologist, British Geological Survey
  •  2010 –2013 : Visiting Research Fellow, The Open University
  •  2008 –2012 : Volcanologist, British Geological Survey
  •  2005 –2009 : PhD 'Flow field formation and compositional variations of flood basalt eruptions', The Open University
  •  2000 –2005 : Geologist, British Geological Survey
  •  1997 –2000 : BSc Joint Honours Geology and Geography, Keele University

Current projects and collaboration

  • Rift Volcanism: Past, Present, Future (RiftVolc) - NERC Large Grant with the universities of Edinburgh, Bristol, Cambridge, Leeds, Oxford and Southampton
  • Timing is everything - Leverhulme-funded research into the volcanic history of Ascension Island with the University of East Anglia, Durham University and the Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
  • Flood basalt emplacement and eruption styles (The Open University, Leicester University)
  • Planetary volcanism (The Open University)
  • Supervising PhD students: Peter Fawdon, Open University - Understanding the evolution of the Syrtis Major Volcanic Complex, Mars. Nathan Magnall, Lancaster University - Towards a universal model for lava emplacement. Catherine Gallagher, Durham University and University of Iceland - The sources, mechanisms and timing of volatile loss accompanying large-volume basaltic volcanism. Thomas Jones, Durham University - Fissures and fountains: magma dynamics in basaltic conduits.
  • Past PhD students: Sarah Medynski, Barbara Hofmann, Elspeth Robertson
  • Volcanic hazards in Tanzania

Research interests

  • Lava flow emplacement and architecture of flood basalt provinces
  • Magmatic processes, timescales and the geometry of plumbing systems
  • Volcanic and magmatic evolution of active continental rifts
  • Volcanic hazards and their impacts
  • Science into policy and communicating uncertainty
  • Multidisciplinary approaches to understanding and mitigating volcanic risk

Boards and committees

  •  2013 – ongoing : Leader of the IAVCEI Early-Career Network (EC-NET)
  •  2010 –2013 : Member of Council of the Volcanic and Magmatic Studies Group
  •  2010 –2013 : Member of the Geological Society of London External Relations Committee
  •  2010 –2014 : UK representative and member of the Professional Development Working Group of the Young Earth Scientists (YES) Network
  •  2003 –2005 : Member of Council of the Edinburgh Geological Society

Skills

  • Geological mapping (including field-based, ArcGIS and remote mapping methodologies)
  • Geochemistry and igneous petrology
  • Physical volcanology and field geology
  • Remote sensing interpretation of volcanic regions

Published outputs

Key papers

Vye-Brown, C, Medynski, S, Smith, K B, Field, L, Hofmann, B, Wright, T. 2016. Geological map of the Dabbahu (Manda-Hararo) Rift, Afar, Ethiopia, 1:100 000 scale. British Geological Survey

Vye-Brown, C, Sparks, R S J, Lewi, E, Mewa, G, Asrat, A, Loughlin, S C, Mee, K and Wright, T J. 2016. Ethiopian volcanic hazards: a changing research landscape. In T J Wright et al. (Eds) Magmatism, Rifting and Active Volcanism. Geological Society of London Special Publication, 420.

Wright, T J, Ayele, A, Ferguson, D, Kidane, T and Vye-Brown, C. 2016. Magmatic rifting and active volcanism: Introduction to special publication. In: Wright, T J, Ayele, A, Ferguson, D J, Kidane, T & Vye-Brown, C. (eds) Magmatic Rifting and Active Volcanism. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 420

Medynski, S, Pik, R, Burnard, P, Dumont, S, Grandin, R, Williams, A, Blard, P -H, Schimmelpfennig, I, Vye-Brown, C, France, L, Ayalew, D, Benedetti, L, Yirgu, G, ASTER team. 2016. Magmatic cycles pace tectonic and morphological expression of rifting (Afar depression, Ethiopia). Earth and Planetary Science Letters.

Loughlin, S C, Vye-Brown, C, Sparks, R S J, Brown, S K et al. 2015. An introduction to global volcanic hazard and risk. In S C Loughlin et al., (Eds) Global volcanic hazards and risk. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 76-167.

Brown, S K, Loughlin, S C, Sparks, R S J, Vye-Brown, C, et al. 2015. Global volcanic hazard and risk. In S C Loughlin et al., (Eds) Global volcanic hazards a. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 76-167.

Brown, S K, Sparks, R S J, Mee, K, Ilyinskaya, E, Jenkins, S F, Loughlin, S C, Vye-Brown, C, et al. 2015. Country and regional profiles of volcanic hazard and risk. In S C Loughlin et al. (Eds) Global volcanic hazards and risk. Cambridge University Press (electronic resource).

Robertson, E, Biggs, J, Cashman, K, Floyd, M, Vye-Brown, C. 2015. Influence of regional tectonics and pre-existing structures on elliptical caldera formation in the Kenyan Rift. In T J Wright et al. (Eds) Magmatism, Rifting and Active Volcanism. Geological Society of London Special Publication, 420.

Fawdon, P, Skok, J R, Balme, M, Vye-Brown, C, Rothery, D, Jordan, C. 2015. The geological history of Nili Patera, Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets.

Medynski, S, Pik, R, Burnard, P, Vye-Brown, C, France, L, Schimmelpfennig, I, Whaler, K, Johnson, N, Benedetti, L, Ayelew, D & Yirgu, G. 2015. Stability of rift axis magma reservoirs: Spatial and temporal evolution of magma supply in the Dabbahu rift segment (Afar, Ethiopia) over the past 30 kyr. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 409, 278-289.

Vye-Brown, C. 2014. 'Capacity building and preparedness for multi-hazards in Ethiopia' workshop report. British Geological Survey Open File Report (OR/14/059)

Vye-Brown, C, Crummy, J, Smith, K, Mruma, A, & Kabelwa, H. 2014. Volcanic hazards in Tanzania.British Geological Survey, 29pp. (OR/14/005)

Vye-Brown, C, Self, S, Barry, T L. 2013. Architecture and emplacement of flood basalt flow fields: case studies from the Columbia River Basalt Group, NW USA. Bulletin of Volcanology, 75:697.

Vye-Brown, C, Gannoun, A, Barry, T L, Self, S, Burton, K W. 2013. Osmium isotope variations accompanying the eruption of a single lava flow field in the Columbia River Flood Basalt Province. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 368:183-194.

Medynski, S, Pik, R, Burnard, P. Williams, A, Vye-Brown, C, Ferguson, D, Blard, P -H, France, L, Yirgu, G, Seid, J I, Ayalew, D, Calvert, A. 2013. Controls on magmatic cycles and development of rift topography of the Manda Hararo segment (Afar, Ethiopia): Insights from cosmogenic 3He investigation of landscape evolution. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 367:133-145.

Vye-Brown, C, Smith, K B, Wright, T J. 2013. Active rifting, magmatism and volcanism in the Afar Depression, Ethiopia. LIP Commission, IAVCEI.

Loughlin, S C, Aspinall, W P A, Vye-Brown, C, Baxter, P, Schmidt, A, Witham, C. 2012. Large Magnitude fissure eruptions in Iceland : source characterisation, Report for Civil Contingencies Secretariat (Cabinet Office), BGS Open Report OR/12/098.