Dr Andrew Barkwith

Dr Andrew Barkwith

Principal Numerical Modeller and Lead for Smart Observing Systems

Location: BGS Keyworth

Tel: 0115 936 3175

E-mail Dr Andrew Barkwith

ORCID: 0000000324132705

Biography

  • 2009 – ongoing : BGS Numerical Modeller
  • 2004 –2009 : Salford University, PhD, Atmospheric Dynamics
  • 2000 –2004 : University of Manchester, MEarthSci

Professional association

Research interests

  • Atmospheric dynamics
  • Climate change
  • Groundwater resources
  • Urban water security
  • Landscape and coastal evolution

Current projects and collaboration

  • Enhancing urban water security in Mexico — Water security is defined as the capacity of a population to safeguard sustainable access to adequate quantities of acceptable quality water. Growing populations and the increasing trend of human migration from rural to urban environments is leading to an expansion of the metropolitan landscape, which threatens water security. In semi-arid regions, water availability can be highly variable and a lack of sustainable water resource planning in metropolitan design has further exacerbated the problem. This Urban water security consortium of 26 UK and Mexican researchers is driven by a single goal; to enhance regional water security in semi-arid regions through improved metropolitan design. Our research base is informed by comprehensive empirical studies and high-quality data evaluation. We strive to build productive relationships with stakeholders and make a positive impact on society. This consortium feeds advice and expertise into the ReTGIA Thematic network.

  • Philippines Groundwater Outlook (PhiGO) — Water security is of particular concern for Filipino cities, which have been designated amongst the worst in Asia for urban water security. Changing climate and increasing urban population density will put more stress on their water resources, having an acute impact on valuable groundwater resources. Through a programme of data gathering, knowledge exchange, fieldwork, numerical modelling and stakeholder engagement the PhiGO project seeks to undertake assessments of population and climate change impacts on regional groundwater resources and translate these into usable forecasts of flood and drought risk. To better understand the potential socio-economic impacts of groundwater level extremes and potential water management strategies, PhiGO is also focussed on quantifying the cascading impacts of flood and drought through key infrastructure and analysing the cost-benefit of differing water management and urban planning scenarios.

  • Coastal evolution — Investigating the influences of oceanic and climatic variables on shaping soft sediment coastlines using the shoreline evolution models. These models simulates shoreline development in response to changes in deep-water wave climates, geological settings and beach properties. They are well suited to simulating decadal to centennial scale responses to change at the regional scale, for example from the addition or removal of coastal defenses. They are also well suited to improving our conceptual understanding of mesoscale coastline dynamics. These models are currently being further developed under the BLUEcoast project and are strengthening our ability to understand the resilience and recovery of UK and global coastlines to change.

  • Decadal scale landscape evolution — The CLiDE environmental modelling platform is a geomorphological simulator that allows a variety of Earth systems, and their interactions, to be explored. The platform includes a variety of modules, representing key terrestrial Earth system components, which may be switched on/off as required. This versatility allows CLiDE to explore a variety of scenarios at a range of timescales. CLiDE may be used to further our understanding of a particular system or to simulate the impacts of changing driving conditions on terrestrial systems. The latter is particularly relevant to the current, unprecedented, rapidly changing environment we are now experiencing. This year the project is focussed on the representation of physical anthropogenic processes on groundwater, surface water and sediment fluxes in landscape evolution models.

  • Past and current students (co-supervised)

    PhD

    2019 – Chloe Morris – University of Hull: Modelling the morphodynamics of sandy coastal systems under a changing climate.

    2014 – Lisa Orme – University of Exeter: Reconstructions of Late Holocene storminess in Europe and the role of the North Atlantic Oscillation.

    MSc

    2019 – Niels Klaver – Utrecht University: Mass Movement Hazard in a Changing Climate: Spatial and Temporal Analysis of Hydrological Triggering at the Rest and Be Thankful Pass, Scotland.

    2019 – Eilidh Stott – Glasgow University: Rainfall-to-reach, modelling of braided morphodynamics.

    2016 – Dagmar Ewolds – University of Gent: Dynamics of gully erosion in Northern France.

    2015 – Laim Mouritz, Chan Ting Fu and Xiabin Hu – AA school of Architecture: Littoral Negotiations.

    2015 – Wouter Lannoeye – University of Gent: Dynamics of gully erosion in Ethiopia.

    2014 – Hashim Alhawsawy – Cranfield University: Role of sediment distribution in the initialisation of landscape evolution models.

Key papers

  • Amoudry, L O, Payo, A, Plater, A, Solan, M, McCarrol, J, Moller, I, Spencer, T, Thompson, C, Brown, J M, Brooks, S, Barkwith, A, Coco, G, Leonardi, N, Ellis, M A, Van Der Wegen, M, Godbold, J, Paterson, D, Lazarus, E, Whitehouse, R, and Souza, A. 2019. Combined effects of physical and biological processes on coastal dynamics and recovery: The BlueCOAST approach. Coastal Sediments, 3003-3015. DOI: 10.1142/9789811204487_0258
  • Leach, C, Coulthard, T, Barkwith, A, Parsons, D R, and Mason, S. 2019. The Coastline Evolution Model 2D (CEM2D) V1.1. Geoscientific Model Development Discussion. DOI: 10.5194/gmd-2019-197
  • Oloriz Sanjuan, C, Garcia Becerra, F, Villada Canela, M, Alfredo Ramirez, J, Aguilar Benitez, I, and Barkwith, A. 2019. Assessing socio-hydrological resilience in urban metropolitan environments: A Mexican perspective. Water availability and management.
  • Beaubien, S E, Jones, D G, Goldberg, T, Barkwith, A, Bigi, S, Graziani, S, Kirk, K L, Mattei, E, Mulder, B, Pettinelli, E, Ruggiero, L, and Tartarello, M C. 2018. Innovative tools for rapidly mapping / quantifying CO2 leakage and determining its origin. Greenhouse Gas Technologies, 11, 4317-4337.
  • Payo, A, Jigena Antelo, B, Hurst, M, Palaseanu-Lovejoy, M, Williams, C, Jenkins, G, Lee, K, Favis-Mortlock, D, Barkwith, A, and Ellis, M A. 2018. Development of an automatic delineation of cliff top and toe on very irregular planform coastlines (CliffMetrics v1.0). Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 4317-4337. DOI: 10.5194/gmd-11-4317-2018
  • Payo, A, Walkden, M, Ellis, M A, Barkwith, A, Favis-Mortlock, D, Kessler, H, Wood, B, Burke, H, and Lee, J. 2018. A quantitative assessment of the annual contribution of platform downwearing to beach sediment budget: Happisburgh, England, UK. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 6(4), 113-125. DOI: 10.3390/jmse6040113
  • Jones, D J, Beaubien, S E, Lister, T R, Graziani, S, Grazia Finoia, M, Barkwith, A, Ruggiero, L, Ciotoli, G, Bigi, S, and Lombardi, S. 2017. Continuous monitoring of natural CO2 emissions near Rome–lessons for low-level CO2 leakage detection. Energy Procedia, 114, 3824-3831. DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.1514
  • Orme, L C, Charman, D J, Reinhardt, L, Jones, R T, Mitchell, F J G, Stefanini, B S, Barkwith, A, Ellis, M A, and Grosvenor, M. 2017. Past changes in the North Atlantic storm track driven by insolation and sea-ice forcing. Geology. DOI: 10.1130/G38521.1
  • Brown, J M, Phelps, J C C, Barkwith, A, Hurst, M D, Ellis, M A, and Plater, A J. 2016. The effectiveness of beach mega-nourishment, assessed over three management epochs. Journal of environmental management, 184, 400-408.
  • Brown, J M, Prime, T, Phelps, J J C, Barkwith, A, Hurst, M D, Ellis, M A, Masselink, G, and Plater, A J. 2016. Spatio-temporal variability in the tipping points of a coastal defense. Coastal Research, 75, 1042-1046.
  • Orme, L C , Reinhardt, L, Jones, R T, Charman, D J, Barkwith, A, and Ellis, M A. 2016. Aeolian sediment reconstructions from the Scottish Outer Hebrides: Late Holocene storminess and the role of the North Atlantic Oscillation. Quaternary Science Reviews, 132, 15-25.
  • Orme, L C, Reinhardt, L, Jones, R T, Charman, D J, Croudace, I, Dawson, A, Ellis, M A, and Barkwith, A. 2016. Investigating the maximum resolution of µXRF core scanners: A 1800 year storminess reconstruction from the Outer Hebrides. The Holocene, 26(2), 235-247.
  • Thomas, C W, Murray, A B, Ashton, A D, Hurst, M D, Barkwith, A, and Ellis, M A. 2016. Complex coastlines responding to climate change: do shoreline shapes reflect present forcing or "remember" the distant past? Earth Surface Dynamics, 4, 871-884.
  • Barkwith, A, Hurst, M D, Jackson, C R, Wang, L, Ellis, M A, and Coulthard, T J. 2015. Simulating the influences of groundwater on regional geomorphology using a distributed, dynamic, landscape evolution modelling platform. Environmental Modelling & Software, 74, 1-20.
  • Hurst, M D, Barkwith, A, Ellis, M A, Thomas, C W, and Murray, A B. 2015. Exploring the sensitivities of crenulate bay shorelines to wave climates using a new vector‐based one‐line model. Journal of Geophysical Research, 120(12), 2586-2608.
  • Van Maanen, B, Nicholls, R J, French, J R, Barkwith, A, Bonaldo, D, Burningham, H, Murray, A B, Payo, A, Sutherland, J, Thornhill, G, Townend, IH, van der Wegen, M, and Walkden, M J A. 2015. Simulating mesoscale coastal evolution for decadal coastal management: A new framework integrating multiple, complementary modelling approaches. Geomorphology, 256, 68–80.
  • Barkwith, A, Hurst, M D, Thomas, C W, Ellis, M A, Limber, P W, and Murray, A B. 2014. Coastal vulnerability of a pinned, soft-cliff coastline - Part II: Assessing the influence of sea walls on future morphology. Earth Surface Dynamics 2, 233-242.
  • Barkwith, A, Thomas, C W, Limber, P W, Ellis, M A, and Murray, A B. 2014. Coastal vulnerability of a pinned, soft-cliff coastline - Part I: Assessing the natural sensitivity to wave climate. Earth Surface Dynamics 2, 295-308.
  • Jones, D G, Beaubien, S E, Barlow, T S, Barkwith, A, and Hannis, S. 2014. Baseline variability in onshore near surface gases and implications for monitoring at CO2 storage sites. Energy Procedia, 63, 4155–4162.
  • Jones. D G, Barkwith, A, Hannis, S, Lister, T R, Gal, F, Graziani, S, Beaubien, S E, and Widory, D. 2014. Monitoring of near surface gas seepage from a shallow injection experiment at the CO2 Field Lab, Norway. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 28, 300-317.
  • Beaubien, S E, Jones, D G, Gal, F, Barkwith, A, Braibant, G, Baubron, J-C, Ciotoli, G, Graziani, S, Lister, T R, Lombardi, S, Michel, K, Quattrocchi, F, and Strutt, M H. 2013. Monitoring of near-surface gas geochemistry at the Weyburn, Canada, CO2-EOR site, 2001–2011. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2013.01.013
  • Bricker, S H, Barkwith, A, MacDonald, A M, Hughes, A G, and Smith, M. 2012. Effects of CO2 injection on shallow groundwater resources: A hypothetical case study in the Sherwood Sandstone aquifer, UK. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 11, 337-348.
  • Prudhomme, C, Haxton, T, Crooks, S, Jackson, C, Barkwith, A, Williamson, J, Kelvin, J, Mackay, J, Wang, L, Young, A, and Watts, G. 2012. Future Flows Hydrology: an ensemble of daily river flow and monthly groundwater levels for use for climate change impact assessment across Great Britain. Earth System Science Data, 5, 101-107. DOI: 10.5194/essd-5-101-2013
  • Barkwith, A, and Collier, C. 2011. Lidar observations of flow variability over complex terrain. Meteorological Applications, 18(3), 372–382.
  • Mansour, M M, Barkwith, A, and Hughes, A G. 2011. A simple overland flow calculation method for distributed groundwater recharge models. Hydrological Processes, 25(22), 3462-3471. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.8074

Published outputs

Skills

  • Climate change impacts
  • HPC modelling
  • Model integration
  • Subsurface flow

Research partners
  • Climate and Landscape
    Tom Coulthard, Hull University
    Amaury Frankl, Ghent University
    Jorge Ramirez, University of Bern
  • Coastal Evolution
    Andy Plater, Liverpool University
    Laurent Amoudry, NOC
    Brad Murray, Duke University
    Pat Limber, USGS
    Martin Hurst, Glasgow University
  • Water Security
    Wouter Buytaert, Imperial College London
    Elsa Arcaute, University College London
    Alfredo Ramirez, Architectural Association
    Susan Abano, NWRB
    Aileen Guzman, AdMU
    Miriam Alfie-Cohen, UAM
    Jose Luis Palacio, UNAM