Volcano Name:Okataina Smithsonian Inst ID (SI_VNUM): 241050
Alternate Name:
Awaatua Bay
Crater Dome
Eastern Dome
Green Lake Plug
Hainini
Haroharo
Kanakana
Kawerau
Koa
Lake Rotoatua
Lake Rotoehu
Lake Rotokawau
Makatiti
Mangawhakamana
Matahawra
Maungakakaramea
Maungaongaonga
Mt. Edgecumbe
Onepu
Onepu Springs
Otei Springs
Pararoa
Parewhaiti
Paukohurea
Plateau Dome
Puhipuhi
Pukepoto
Rainbow Mtn
Rerewhakaaitu
Rerewhakaaitu
Ridge Dome
Rotoiti
Rotokakahi
Rotokohu
Rotoma
Rotoma Geothermal Field
Rotomahana
Rotomahana
Rotorua
Ruawahia
Southern Dome
Tapahoro
Tarawera
Te Haehaenga
Te Hapeotoroa
Te Horoa
Te Kopia
Te Kumete
Te Whekau
The Chasm
Tikorangi
Tuahu
Tutaeheka
Wahanga
Wahanga-Waimangu
Waikite
Waimangu
Waitangi Soda Springs
Waiwhakapa
Western Dome
Whakapoungakau
Volcano Type:Lava dome(s)
Latitude: -38.1166666700
Longitude: 176.5000000000
Region:New Zealand to Fiji Sub Region:New Zealand
Date Entered:02/05/2012
 
Eruption Details
Eruption Start Date:10/6 /1886 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.700 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 2.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.300 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 34.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.260 (Eruption Rate)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.700 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 1.890 (Calculated)
Magma: Basalt
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Basalt
Eruption Start Date:1310 Date Error:12
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 5.000 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 5.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 6.100 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:-1750 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.300 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.690 (Calculated)
Magnitude : 4.800 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : + 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:-3580 Date Error:50
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.870 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 2.800 (Literature)
Magnitude : 6.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:-6060 Date Error:50
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 2.609 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 6.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.800 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:-7560 Date Error:18
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): > 2.430 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): > 5.600 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.700 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:13598 BP Date Error:262
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
C14 Date: 11853 C14 Date Error: 190
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 11.000 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 18.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 6.400 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 6.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 7.830 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 18.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:15425 BP Date Error:325
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
C14 Date: 13100 C14 Date Error:
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 1.000 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 7.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.400 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : + 5.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 4.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 7.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:17625 BP Date Error:425
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
C14 Date: 14700 C14 Date Error: 110
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 5.000 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 7.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 6.100 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 25.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 10.930 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : 6.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 3.040 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 7.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:21800 BP Date Error:500
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
C14 Date: 18420 C14 Date Error: 140
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 3.600 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 6.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.900 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 19.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 10.430 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : 6.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:25271 BP Date Error:779
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
C14 Date: 21100 C14 Date Error: 320
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 13.000 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 5.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 6.500 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 6.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 2.170 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 5.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:31400 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
C14 Date: 26500 C14 Date Error: 220
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 2.300 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 8.100 (Literature)
Ignimbrite DRE Volume (km3): 0.500 (Literature)
Ignimbrite Deposit Volume : 1.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.500 (Literature)
Maximum Column Height (km): 35.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.290 (Eruption Rate)
Maximum VEI : + 5.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 1.800 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 7.100 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:32301 BP Date Error:1356
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
C14 Date: 28217 C14 Date Error: 434
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 4.100 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 16.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 6.000 (Literature)
Maximum Column Height (km): 44.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.590 (Eruption Rate)
Maximum VEI : 6.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 4.100 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 16.200 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:32800 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 1.000 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 2.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.700 (Literature)
Maximum Column Height (km): 25.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 10.790 (Eruption Rate)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 1.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 2.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:33000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Not Entered Preferred Date:Y
C14 Date: 28060 C14 Date Error: 270
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 6.000 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 19.900 (Literature)
Ignimbrite DRE Volume (km3): 1.800 (Literature)
Ignimbrite Deposit Volume : 3.600 (Literature)
Magnitude : 6.200 (Literature)
Maximum Column Height (km): 41.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.480 (Eruption Rate)
Maximum VEI : 6.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 4.200 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 16.300 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:34500 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.100 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.410 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.400 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Calculated)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.100 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 0.410 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:35000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.630 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 2.500 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.200 (Literature)
Maximum Column Height (km): 32.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.160 (Eruption Rate)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.630 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 2.500 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:36100 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
C14 Date: 35870 C14 Date Error: 1270
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 3.900 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 15.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 6.000 (Literature)
Maximum Column Height (km): 42.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.520 (Eruption Rate)
Maximum VEI : 6.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 3.900 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 15.200 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:36700 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
C14 Date: 31720 C14 Date Error: 370
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.340 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.900 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.900 (Literature)
Maximum Column Height (km): 31.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.090 (Eruption Rate)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Calculated)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.340 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 0.900 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:36800 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 2.800 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 15.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.800 (Literature)
Maximum Column Height (km): 40.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.430 (Eruption Rate)
Maximum VEI : 6.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 2.800 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 15.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:38000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.180 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.690 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.600 (Literature)
Maximum Column Height (km): 27.000 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Calculated)
Minimum Intensity : 10.930 (Eruption Rate)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.180 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 0.690 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:39000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 1.200 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 4.600 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.400 (Literature)
Maximum Column Height (km): 34.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.270 (Eruption Rate)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 1.200 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 4.600 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:40000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.130 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.440 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.500 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Calculated)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.130 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 0.440 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:61000 BP Date Error:1400
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Ar-Ar
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 100.000 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 350.000 (Literature)
Ignimbrite DRE Volume (km3): 65.200 (Calculated)
Ignimbrite Deposit Volume : 150.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 7.400 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 7.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 86.900 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 200.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:225000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:Not Entered Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 40.000 (Assumed)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): >= 100.000 (Assumed)
Magnitude : 7.500 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 7.000 (Calculated)
Eruption Start Date:280000 BP Date Error:10000
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Ar-Ar
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 150.000 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 345.000 (Calculated)
Magnitude : 7.500 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 7.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:340000 BP Date Error:20000
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:ITPFT isothermal plateau fission track age
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 10.900 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): > 25.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 6.400 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 6.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:550000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:Not Entered Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 90.000 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 225.000 (Calculated)
Magnitude : 7.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 7.000 (Literature)

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