Volcano Name:Hekla Smithsonian Inst ID (SI_VNUM): 372070
Alternate Name:
Austurhraun
Axlargigur
Baejarhraun
Bjallagigar
Eldividarhraun
Eskihlidarfjöll
Grafellshraun
Grasleysufjöll
Gunnarsholtshraun
Haahraun
Heklufell
Heklufjall
Heklugja
Helliskvislarhraun
Hestolduhraun
Hlidargigar
Hraungigur
Hraunhalshraun
Krafakholahraun
Krakagigar
Kringluhraun
Krokagilsolduhraun
Krokahraun
Lambadalshraun
Lambafit
Lambagigar
Langviuhraun
Mundafell
Mundagigar
Oldugigar
Oxi
Raudfossahraun
Raudkembingur
Raudkollar
Raudoldur
Raudubjallar
Raudölduhraun
Reydarvatnshraun
Reynifellshraun
Selsundshraun North
Selsundshraun South
Stakahraun
Sudurgigar
Svalaskardshraun
Svinhofdarhraun
Taglgigahraun
Toppgigur
Trippabjallar
Trippafjoll
Tröllaskógahraun
Valagja
Vatnafjöll
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano(es)
Latitude: 63.9833333300
Longitude: -19.7000000000
Region:Iceland and Arctic Ocean Sub Region:Iceland-S
Date Entered:02/05/2012
 
Eruption Details
Eruption Start Date:29/3 /1947 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.046 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.120 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.100 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 30.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.230 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Andesite-Dacite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Andesite
Dacite
Eruption Start Date:2 /9 /1845 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.080 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 4.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 7.860 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Andesite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Andesite
Eruption Start Date:5 /4 /1766 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.080 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Andesite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Andesite
Eruption Start Date:13/2 /1693 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.080 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Andesite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Andesite
Eruption Start Date:3 /1 /1597 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.080 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): < 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Andesite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Andesite
Eruption Start Date:25/7 /1510 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.077 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Andesite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Andesite
Eruption Start Date:11/7 /1300 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.040 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.100 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Andesite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Andesite
Eruption Start Date:19/1 /1158 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.077 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Andesite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Andesite
Eruption Start Date:15/10/1104 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.500 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 1.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.100 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.460 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 1.200 (Literature)
Magma: Dacite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Dacite
Eruption Start Date:-1100 Date Error:50
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 2.200 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 7.500 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.800 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : + 5.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 2.200 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 7.500 (Literature)
Magma: Basalt-Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Basalt
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:-1550 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Tephrochronology
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.120 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.300 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.500 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Andesite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Andesite
Eruption Start Date:-2310 Date Error:20
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
C14 Date: 4000 C14 Date Error:
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 1.800 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 5.600 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.700 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 1.800 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 5.600 (Literature)
Magma: Basalt-Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Basalt
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:6063 BP Date Error:115
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
C14 Date: 5275 C14 Date Error: 55
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): ? 0.400 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): ? 1.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : ? 5.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : ? 5.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:-4700 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Stratigraphy, sediment accumulation
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): ? 0.320 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): ? 0.800 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : + 4.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:-5150 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.680 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 1.700 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.200 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.650 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 1.700 (Literature)
Magma: Andesite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Andesite

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