Taxonomy Online - Carboniferous spores part I - references

The 'Bernard Owens Collection' of single grain mount palynological slides:
Compiled by Mike Stephenson and Bernard Owens


ARTUZ, S. 1957. Die Sporae Dispersae der Turkischen Steinkohle von Zonguldak-Gebiet (mit besonder Beachtung der neuen Arten und Genera). Instanbul Universitesi fen Facültesi Mecmuasi B, Vol. 22, 239–263.

BALME, B E. 1952. On some spore specimens from British Upper Carboniferous coals. Geological Magazine, Vol. 89, 175–184.

BECKER, G, BLESS, M J M, STREEL, M, and THOREZ, J. 1974. Palynology and ostracode distribution in the Upper Devonian and basal Dinantian of Belgium and their dependence on sedimentary facies. Mededelingen Rijks Geologische Dienst, Nieuwe Serie, Vol. 25, 9–99.

BHARDWAJ, D C. 1954. Einige neue Sporengattungen des Saarkarbons. Neues Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte, Vol. 11, 512–525.

BHARADWAJ, D C, and VENKATACHALA, B S. 1961. Spore assemblage out of a Lower Carboniferous shale from Spitzbergen. Palaeobotanist, Vol. 10, 18–47.

BRINDLEY, S, and SPINNER, E. 1989. Palynological assemblages from Lower Carboniferous deposits, Burntisland district, Fife, Scotland. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, Vol. 47, 215–231.

BUTTERWORTH, M A, and WILLIAMS, R W. 1958. The small spore floras of coals in the Limestone Coal Group and Upper Limestone Group of the Lower Carboniferous of Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Vol. 63, 353–392.

CLAYTON, G. 1971. Lower Carboniferous miospore assemblage from the Calciferous Sandstone Measures of the Cockburnspath region of eastern Scotland. Pollen et Spores, Vol. 12, 577–600.

CLAYTON, G. 1985. Dinantian miospores and inter-continental correlation. Compte Rendu 10th International Congress on Carboniferous Stratigraphy and Geology (Madrid, 1983), Vol. 4, 9–23.

CLAYTON, G, HIGGS, K, KEEGAN, J B, and SEVASTOPULO, G D. 1978. Correlation of the palynological zonation of the Dinantian of the British Isles. Palinologia, Vol. 1, 137–147.

CLAYTON, G, COQUEL, R, DOUBINGER, J, GUEINN, K J, LOBOZIAK, S, OWENS, B, and STREEL, M. 1977. Carboniferous miospores of Western Europe: illustration and zonation. Mededelingen Rijks Geologische Dienst, Vol. 29, 1–71.

DOUBINGER, J. 1957. Présence de pollens ‘monocolpates’ dans un charbon du bassin de Decazeville (Aveyron). Annales de la Société Géologique du Nord, Vol. 67, 120–139.

HACQUEBARD, P A. 1957. Plant spores in coal from the Horton Group (Mississippian) of Nova Scotia. Micropaleontology, Vol. 3, 301–324.

HACQUEBARD, P A, and BARSS, M S. 1957. A Carboniferous spore assemblage in coal from the South Nahanni River area, Northwest Territories. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Canada, Vol. 40, 1–63.

HECKEL, P H, and CLAYTON, G. 2006.The Carboniferous System. Use of the new official names for the subsystems, series and stages. Geologica Acta, Vol. 4, No. 3, 403–407. Available online at www.

HIBBERT, F A, and LACEY, W S. 1969. Miospores from the Lower Carboniferous basement beds in the Menai Straits region of Caernarvonshire, North Wales. Palaeontology, Vol. 12, 420–440.

HIGGS, K. 1975. Upper Devonian and Lower Carboniferous miospore assemblages from Hook Head, County Wexford, Ireland. Micropaleontology, Vol. 21, 393–419.

HIGGS, K, CLAYTON, G, and KEEGAN, J B. 1988. Stratigraphic and systematic palynology of the Tournaisian rocks of Ireland. Geological Survey of Ireland, Special Paper 7, 1–93.

HIGGS, K T, AVKHIMOVITCH, V I, LOBOZIAK, S, MAZIANE-SERRAJ, N, STEMPIEN-SALEK, M, AND STREEL, M. 2000. Systematic study and stratigraphic correlation of the Grandispora complex in the Famennian of northwest and eastern Europe. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, Vol. 112, 207–228

HOFFMEISTER, W S, STAPLIN, F L, and MALLOY, R E. 1955. Mississipian plant spores from the Hardinsburg Formation of Illinois and Kentucky. Journal of Paleontology, Vol. 29, 372–399.

HORST, U. 1955. Die sporae dispersae des Namurs von Westoberschlesien und Mährisch-Ostrau. Palaeontographica B, Vol. 98, 137–236.

ISHCHENKO, A M. 1956. Spores and pollen of the Lower Carboniferous deposits of the western extension of the Donetz Basin, and their stratigraphic importance. Trudy Institute of Geology Nauk, Kiev. Stratigraphic and Palaeontological Series, Vol. 11, 1–185.

KAISER, H. 1970. Die Oberdevon-Flora der Bäreninsel Mikroflora des Höheren Oberdevons und des Unterkarbons. Palaeontographica B, Vol. 129, 71–124.

KEDO, G I. 1957. Spores from the supra salt Devonian deposits of the Pripyat depression and their stratigraphical significance. Byelorussian SSE. Palaeontology Reports, 3–45.

KEDO, G I. 1963. Spores of the Tournaisian Stage of the Pripyat Depression and their stratigraphical significance. Paleontologiya i Stratigrafiya BSSR, Vol. 4, 3–121.

KNOX, E M. 1950. The spores of Lycopodium, Phylloglossum, Selaginella, and Isoëtes and their value in the study of microfossils of Palaeozoic age. Transactions of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh, Vol. 35, 211–357.

KOSANKE, R M. 1950. Pennsylvanian spores of Illinois and their use in correlation. Bulletin of the Illinois State Geological Survey, Vol. 74, 1–128.

LOBOZIAK, S, and ALPERN, B. 1978. Le bassin houiller Viséen D'Agadès (Niger). III: Les microspores. Palinologia, Vol. 1, 55–67.

LOBOZIAK, S, and CLAYTON, G. 1988. The Carboniferous palynostratigraphy of north east Libya. 129–149 in EL ARNAUTI, A., OWENS, B, and THUSU, B (editors). Subsurface palynostratigraphy of northeast Libya. (Benghazi, Libya: Garyounis University Publications.)

LOOSE, F. 1934. Sporenformen aus dem Flöz Bismarck des Ruhrgebietes. Arbeiten, Institut für Paläobotanik und Petrographie, Brennsteine, Vol. 4, 127–164.

LOVE, L G. 1960. Assemblages of small spores from the Lower Oil shale Group of Scotland. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh B, Vol. 67, 99–126.

NEVES, R, GUEINN, K J, CLAYTON, G, IOANNIDES, N, and NEVILLE, R S W. 1972. A scheme of miospore zones for the British Dinantian. Compte Rendu 7th Congrès International de Stratigraphie et de Géologie du Carbonifére, Krefeld, 1979, Vol. 1, 347–353.

NEVES R, GUEINN K J, CLAYTON G, IOANNIDES N S, NEVILLE R S W, and KRUSZEWSKA K. 1973. Palynological correlations within the Lower Carboniferous of Scotland and Northern England. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Vol. 69, 23–70.

NEVES, R, and IOANNIDES, N. 1974. Palynology of the Lower Carboniferous (Dinantian) of the Spilmersford Borehole, East Lothian, Scotland. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, Vol. 45, 73–97.

NEVES, R, and OWENS, B. 1966. Some Namurian camerate miospores from the English Pennines. Pollen et Spores, Vol. 8, 337–360.

NEVES, R. 1961. Namurian plant spores from the southern Pennines, England. Palaeontology, Vol. 4, 247–279.

NEVES, R. 1964. Knoxisporites (Potonié & Kremp) Neves 1961. Compte Rendu 5th International Congress on Carboniferous Stratigraphy and Geology (Paris 1963), Vol. 1, 1063–1069.

NEVILLE, R S W. 1968. Ranges of selected spores in the Upper Viséan of the East Fife coast section between St. Monace and Pittenweem. Pollen et Spores, Vol. 10, 431–462.

OWENS, B, and BURGESS, I C. 1965. The Stratigraphy and palynology of the Upper Carboniferous outlier of Stainmore, Westmoreland. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, No. 23, 17–44.

OWENS, B, MISHELL, D R F, and MARSHALL, J. 1976. Kraeuselisporites from the Namurian of northern England. Pollen et Spores, Vol. 18, 145–156.

OWENS, B, MCLEAN, D, and BODMAN, D. 2004. A revised palynozonation of British Namurian deposits and comparisons with eastern Europe. Micropaleontology, Vol. 50, 89–103.

OWENS, B, NEVES, R, GUEINN, K J, MISHELL, D R F, SABRY, H S M Z, and WILLIAMS, J E. 1977. Palynological division of the Namurian of northern England and Scotland. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, Vol. 41, 381–398.

PLAYFORD, G. 1962. Lower Carboniferous microfloras of Spitsbergen. Palaeontology, Vol. 5, 550–678.

PLAYFORD, G. 1964. Miospores from the Mississippian Horton Group, eastern Canada. Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin, Vol. 107, 1–47.

PLAYFORD, G. 1976. Plant microfossils from the Upper Devonian and Lower Carboniferous of the Canning Basin, Western Australia. Palaeontographica B, Vol. 158, 1–71.

PLAYFORD, G. 1991. Australian Lower Carboniferous miospores relevant to extra-Gondwanic correlations: an evaluation. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenburg, Vol. 130, 85–125.

PLAYFORD, G, and MCGREGOR, D C. 1993. Miospores and organic walled microphytoplankton of Devonian-Carboniferous boundary beds (Bakken Formation), Southern Saskatchewan: a systematic and stratigraphic appraisal. Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin, 445, 1–107.

POTONIÉ, R, and KREMP, G. 1955. Die sporae dispersae des Ruhrkarbons, ihre Morphographie und Stratigraphie mit Ausblicken auf Arten anderer Gebeite und Zeitabschnitte: Teil I. Palaeontographica B, Vol. 98, 1–136.

POTONIÉ, R, and KREMP, G. 1956. Die sporae dispersae des Ruhrkarbons, ihre Morphographie und Stratigraphie mit Ausblicken auf Arten anderer Gebeite und Zeitabschnitte: Teil II. Palaeontographica B, Vol. 99, 85–191.

PUNT, W, BLACKMORE, S, NILSSON, S, and LE THOMAS, A. 1994. Glossary of pollen and spore terminology. LPP Contributions Series No. 1. LPP Foundation, Utrecht, 1–71.

RAMSBOTTOM, W H C 1981. Field guide to the boundary stratotypes of the Carboniferous stages in Britain. (Leeds, 25th August – 1st September 1981), Subcommission on Carboniferous Stratigraphy.

RICHARDSON, J B, and MCGREGOR, D C. 1986. Silurian and Devonian spore zones of the Old Red Sandstone continent and adjacent regions. Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin 364, 1–79.

SÁNCHEZ DE POSADA, L C, VILLA, E, RODRÍGUEZ, R M, MARTINEZ CHACÓN, M L, RODRÍGUEZ, S, and COQUEL, R. 2002. 588–595 in HILLS, L V, HENDERSON, C M, and BAMBER, E W (editors). Carboniferous and Permian of the world. Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists Memoir 19.

SCHEMEL, M P. 1950. Carboniferous plant spores from Daggett County, Utah. Journal of Paleontology, Vol. 24, 232–244.

SCHOPF, J M, WILSON, L R, and BENTALL, R. 1944. An annotated synopsis of Paleozoic fossil spores and the definition of generic groups. Illinois State Geological Survey, Report of Investigations, No. 91, 1–72.

SMITH, A H V, and BUTTERWORTH, M A. 1967. Miospores in the coal seams of the Carboniferous of Great Britain. Special Papers of the Palaeontological Association, Vol. 1, 1–324.

SOMERS, Y. 1972. Révision du genre Lycospora Schopf, Wilson & Bentall – Microfossiles Organiques du Paleozoique. 5, Spores. Centre National Recherche Scientifique, 11–110.

STAPLIN, F L, and JANSONIUS, J. 1964. Elucidation of some Paleozoic densospores. Palaeontographica B, Vol. 114, 95–117.

SULLIVAN, H J. 1964. Miospores from the Drybrook Sandstone and associated measures in the Forest of Dean basin, Gloucestershire. Palaeontology, Vol. 7, 351–392.

SULLIVAN, H J. 1968. A Tournaisian spore flora from the Cementstone Group of Ayrshire, Scotland. Palaeontology, Vol. 11, 116–131.

SULLIVAN, H J, and MARSHALL, A E. 1966. Viséan spores from Scotland. Micropaleontology, Vol. 12, 265–285.

TURNAU, E. 1975. Microflora of the Famennian and Tournaisian deposits from boreholes of northern Poland. Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol. 25, 505–528.

TURNAU, E. 1978. Spore zonation of uppermost Devonian and Lower Carboniferous deposits of western Pomerania. Mededelingen Rijks Geologische Dienst, Vol. 30, 1–35.

TURNER, N, SPINNER, E, SPODE, F, and WIGNALL, P B. 1994. Palynostratigraphy of a Carboniferous transgressive systems tract from the earliest Alportian (Namurian) of Britain. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, Vol. 80, 39–54.

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WINSLOW, M R. 1962. Plant spores and other microfossils from Upper Devonian and Lower Mississippian rocks of Ohio. USGS Professional Paper, Vol. 364, 1–93.