Three-dimensional temporal imaging of X-ray CT imaging of dissolution-driven convection in glass beads

Dataset description

The images in this dataset show the mixing of two liquid solutions in a random bead pack as a function of time and in three-dimensions. The working fluids used in this study are solutions of methanol and ethylene-glycol (MEG, fluid 1) and brine (fluid 2). In particular, three mixtures of ethylene-glycol and methanol were prepared that differ in wt% ethylene-glycol, namely 55 wt% (MEG55), 57 wt% (MEG57) and 59 wt% (MEG59). Measurements are conducted using in the regime of Rayleigh numbers, Ra = 2000-5000. X-ray Computed Tomography is applied to image the spatial and temporal evolution of the solute plume non -invasively. The tomograms are used to compute macroscopic quantities including the rate of dissolution and horizontally averaged concentration profiles, and enable the visualisation of the ow patterns that arise upon mixing at a spatial resolution of about (2x2x2) mm3. We observe that the mixing process evolves systematically through three stages, starting from pure diffusion, followed by convection-dominated and shutdown. A modified diffusion equation is applied to model the convective process with an onset time of convection that compares favourably with literature data and an effective diffusion coefficient that is almost two orders of magnitude larger than the molecular diffusivity of the solute. The comparison of the experimental observations of convective mixing against their numerical counterparts of the purely diffusive scenario enables the estimation of a non-dimensional convective mass flux in terms of the Sherwood number, Sh = 0.025Ra. We observe that the latter scales linearly with Ra, in agreement with observations from both experimental and numerical studies on thermal convection over the same Ra regime.

Constraints

We gratefully acknowledge permission to publish and funding from the Qatar Carbonates and Carbon Storage Research Centre (QCCSRC), provided jointly by Qatar Petroleum, Shell, and Qatar Science & Technology Park. Qatar Petroleum remain copyright owners

Further information

For more information please contact:

Enquiries

Environmental Science Centre, Nicker Hill, Keyworth
Nottingham
NG12 5GG

Tel : +44 (0)115 936 3143
Fax :+44 (0)115 936 3276
Email :enquiries@bgs.ac.uk

Associated dataset(s)

Qatar Carbonates and Carbon Storage Research Centre (QCCSRC)

Dataset details

Author(s) qccsrc@imperial.ac.uk , Ronny Pini
Principal Investigator(s) Ronny Pini
Imperial College London
Language English
Curator British Geological Survey
Supply media/format Dicom; Version:NA
Storage format Not available
Frequency of update not applicable
Start of capture {ts '2016-07-18 00:00:00'} Not known
End of capture {ts '2017-02-09 00:00:00'} 9th February 2017
Online access URL various
Lineage statement The experiments have been conducted in a 3L acrylic plastic bowl packed with soda glass ballotini (dp = 0.5 mm, SiLibeads, supplied by VWR, UK). The bowl was scanned using a Universal Systems HD-350 X-ray CT scanner at an actual voxel (pixel) size of 0.47mm x 0.47mm x 2.0mm. The output images are in a proprietary dicom dataset format and include the metadata relating to the image acquisition scanner settings e.g. voxel size. The details of the sample preparation and fluid injection strategy can be found in Liyanage et al. Transport in Porous Media (in review). For image acquisition the following set of parameters was applied: field-of-view (24 x 24) cm2; energy level of radiation 120 eV; tube current 150 mA. Voxel size in the (x-y) plane is (0.4688 x 0.4688) mm2. For subsequent analysis, the latter are averaged over a 5 x 5 rectangular grid to produce (2.3 x 2.3 x 2) mm3 cubic voxels.
Supplementary information Liyanage et al (in review) Multidimensonal observations of dissolution-driven convection in simple porous media using X-ray CT scanning to be submitted to Transport in Porous Media
Constraints
Access constraints intellectualPropertyRights (rights to financial benefit from and control of distribution of non-tangible property that is a result of creativity)
Use constraints intellectualPropertyRights (rights to financial benefit from and control of distribution of non-tangible property that is a result of creativity)
Additional info on constraints We gratefully acknowledge permission to publish and funding from the Qatar Carbonates and Carbon Storage Research Centre (QCCSRC), provided jointly by Qatar Petroleum, Shell, and Qatar Science & Technology Park. Qatar Petroleum remain copyright owners
Contact details
Department Enquiries
Organisation British Geological Survey
Address Environmental Science Centre, Nicker Hill, Keyworth
City Nottingham
County Nottinghamshire
Country United Kingdom
Postcode NG12 5GG
E-mail enquiries@bgs.ac.uk
Telephone +44 (0)115 936 3143
Fax +44 (0)115 936 3276
Keywords
Topic category code (ISO) geoscientificInformation (information pertaining to earth sciences)
Keywords POROSITY
CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE
Keyword source BGS Keyphrases
Spatial details
Spatial Reference System Not available
Dataset extent
Coverage (Lat/Long) North boundary : 
East boundary  : 
South boundary : 
West boundary  : 
Metadata
Metadata language English
Metadata last updated 18th September 2018
Metadata standard compliance NERC profile of ISO19115:2003
Copyright and IPR
The copyright of materials derived from the British Geological Survey's work is vested in the Natural Environment Research Council [NERC]. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, or stored in a retrieval system of any nature, without the prior permission of the copyright holder, via the BGS Intellectual Property Rights Manager. Use by customers of information provided by the BGS, is at the customer's own risk. In view of the disparate sources of information at BGS's disposal, including such material donated to BGS, that BGS accepts in good faith as being accurate, the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) gives no warranty, expressed or implied, as to the quality or accuracy of the information supplied, or to the information's suitability for any use. NERC/BGS accepts no liability whatever in respect of loss, damage, injury or other occurence however caused.