Volcano Name:Taupo Smithsonian Inst ID (SI_VNUM): 241070
Alternate Name:
Ben Lomond
Hipaua
Horomatangi Reef
Kuharua
Manganamu
Marotiri
Maunganamu
Motuapu
Motukaiko
Motuma
Ouaha
Pukekaikiore
Rangitukua
Tahunatara
Tauhara
Tauhara-Taupo
Te Hoata
Te Pupu
Tokaanu
Tuhingamata
Waihi-Tokaanu
Volcano Type:Caldera(s)
Latitude: -38.8166666700
Longitude: 176.0000000000
Region:New Zealand to Fiji Sub Region:New Zealand
Date Entered:02/05/2012
 
Eruption Details
Eruption Start Date:230 Date Error:16
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 16.410 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): > 40.000 (Literature)
Ignimbrite DRE Volume (km3): 10.000 (Literature)
Ignimbrite Deposit Volume : 30.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 6.900 (Literature)
Maximum Column Height (km): 55.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 12.220 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : 6.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 6.410 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 14.750 (Calculated)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:-200 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.350 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.800 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.900 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 37.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.560 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : + 4.000 (Literature)
Minimum Column Height (km): 35.000 (Literature)
Minimum Intensity : 11.460 (Column Height)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.350 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 0.800 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:-1010 Date Error:200
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.350 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.800 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.900 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 26.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 10.960 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : + 4.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.350 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 0.800 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:-1050 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:-1460 Date Error:40
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 7.100 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): < 20.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 6.200 (Literature)
Maximum Column Height (km): 42.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.570 (Eruption Rate)
Maximum VEI : 6.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 7.100 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 16.900 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:-2600 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): < 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): < 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:-2900 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): < 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): < 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:-3070 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:-3170 Date Error:200
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.150 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.350 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.500 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.150 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 0.350 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:-4100 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 23.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 10.790 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:-4700 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
C14 Date: 5800 C14 Date Error:
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.220 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.500 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 30.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.200 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Minimum Column Height (km): 25.000 (Literature)
Minimum Intensity : 10.900 (Column Height)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:-8130 Date Error:200
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 1.400 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 4.600 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.500 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 37.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.590 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Minimum Column Height (km): 35.000 (Literature)
Minimum Intensity : 11.500 (Column Height)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 1.400 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 4.600 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:-9210 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Tephrochronology
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.066 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.153 (Literature)
Ignimbrite DRE Volume (km3): 0.001 (Calculated)
Ignimbrite Deposit Volume : 0.003 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.200 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.065 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 0.150 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:11190 BP Date Error:80
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
C14 Date: 9840 C14 Date Error: 60
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.230 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 3.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.400 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 28.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.090 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.230
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 3.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:-9460 Date Error:200
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.420 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 1.300 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.000 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 27.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.030 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Minimum Column Height (km): 24.000 (Literature)
Minimum Intensity : 10.830 (Column Height)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:18800 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Relative dating
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.043 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.100 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Calculated)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.043 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 0.100 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:27100 BP Date Error:960
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
C14 Date: 22590 C14 Date Error: 230
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 530.000 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 1170.000 (Literature)
Ignimbrite DRE Volume (km3): 139.130 (Calculated)
Ignimbrite Deposit Volume : 320.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 8.100 (Literature)
Maximum Column Height (km): 30.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.200 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : 8.000 (Literature)
Primary Intracaldera Material DRE Volume (km3): 182.610 (Calculated)
Primary Intracaldera Material Deposit Volume (km3): 420.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 172.000 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 430.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:28181 BP Date Error:383
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
C14 Date: 23470 C14 Date Error: 170
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.500 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): < 1.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.500 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 1.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:30092 BP Date Error:340
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
C14 Date: 25080 C14 Date Error: 230
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 3.000 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 6.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.800 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : + 5.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 3.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 7.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:41000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.500 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): < 1.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.100 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:42000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 1.000 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): < 2.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.400 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:42000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Stratigraphy, sediment accumulation
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 2.200 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 4.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.700 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 2.200 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:46000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Stratigraphy
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 3.000 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): < 5.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.800 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 3.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 5.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:55000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Stratigraphy
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 1.400 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 3.500 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:1600000 BP Date Error:90000
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:K Ar
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 30.000 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 69.000 (Calculated)
Magnitude : 6.800 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 6.000 (Calculated)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite

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