Volcano Name: Rabaul Smithsonian Inst ID (SI_VNUM): 252140
Alternate Name:
Blanche Bay
Davapia Rocks
Gaia
Ghaie
Kabiu
Kaia
Karavia Bay
Keravia
Kombiu
Matupi
Matupit Island
Mount Varzin
North Daughter
Palangiagia
Rabalanakaia
Rabatana
Raluan
South Daughter
Sulphur Creek
Tavurvur
The Beehives
The Mother
Tovanumbatir
Turangunan
Tuvurvur
Vulcan
Vulcan Island
Vunakanau
Vunakokor
Watom Island
Volcano Type: Pyroclastic shield
Latitude: -4.2708333330
Longitude: 152.2027778000
Region: Melanesia and Australia Sub Region: New Britain
Date Entered: 02/05/2012

Eruption Details

Eruption Start Date: 11/8 /2006 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: 31/1 /2010 Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: High quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.080 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 18.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 10.400 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Andesite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Andesite
Eruption Start Date: 19/9 /1994 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: 15/4 /1995 Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: High quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): ? 0.120 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): ? 0.300 (Literature)
Magnitude : ? 4.500 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 30.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.200 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Andesite-Dacite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Dacite
Andesite
Eruption Start Date: 29/5 /1937 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: 5 /6 /1937 Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: High quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.120 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.300 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.500 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 8.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 9.010 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Andesite-Dacite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Andesite
Dacite
Eruption Start Date: 683 Date Error: 3
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 11.000 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 24.000 (Literature)
Ignimbrite DRE Volume (km3): > 3.300 (Calculated)
Ignimbrite Deposit Volume : > 8.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 6.400 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 6.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 1.200 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 3.000 (Literature)
Magma: Dacite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Dacite
Eruption Start Date: 5031 BP Date Error: 182
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality: Low quality Preferred Date: Y
C14 Date: 4380 C14 Date Error: 80
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): ? 0.800 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): ? 2.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : ? 5.300 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : ? 5.000 (Calculated)
Magma: Dacite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Dacite
Eruption Start Date: 17297 BP Date Error: 654
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
C14 Date: 14670 C14 Date Error: 480
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): ? 2.100 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): ? 5.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : ? 5.700 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Calculated)
Magma: Dacite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Dacite
Eruption Start Date: 18050 BP Date Error: 3648
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
C14 Date: 16100 C14 Date Error: 1500
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): ? 2.100 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): ? 5.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : ? 5.700 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Calculated)
Magma: Dacite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Dacite
Eruption Start Date: 20982 BP Date Error: 403
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
C14 Date: 17680 C14 Date Error: 130
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): > 4.200 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): > 10.000 (Literature)
Ignimbrite DRE Volume (km3): > 4.200 (Calculated)
Ignimbrite Deposit Volume : > 10.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : > 6.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 6.000 (Calculated)
Magma: Dacite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Dacite
Eruption Start Date: 38640 BP Date Error: 546
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
C14 Date: 36690 C14 Date Error: 380
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 2.100 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 5.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.700 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Calculated)
Magma: Dacite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Dacite
Eruption Start Date: 40000 BP Date Error: 20000
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Ar-Ar
Eruption Date Quality: Low quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): ? 2.100 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): ? 5.000 (Literature)
Ignimbrite DRE Volume (km3): ? 2.100 (Calculated)
Ignimbrite Deposit Volume : ? 5.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : ? 5.700 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : ? 5.000 (Calculated)
Magma: Dacite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Dacite
Eruption Start Date: 100000 BP Date Error: 10000
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Ar-Ar
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): ? 4.200 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): ? 10.000 (Literature)
Ignimbrite DRE Volume (km3): ? 4.200 (Calculated)
Ignimbrite Deposit Volume : ? 10.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : ? 6.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : ? 6.000 (Calculated)
Magma: Dacite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Dacite
Eruption Start Date: 100000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Stratigraphy
Eruption Date Quality: Low quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): ? 4.100 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): ? 10.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 6.000 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : ? 6.000 (Literature)
Magma: Andesite-Dacite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Dacite
Andesite

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