Volcano Name: Katla Smithsonian Inst ID (SI_VNUM): 372030
Alternate Name:
Alftakvislarhraun
Almenningahraun
Brytalaekir
Eldgjá
Emstruhruan
Fljotahraun
Hoefdhajokull
Katlogiaa
Koetlegiaa
Kotlugja
Krikahraun
Maelifellshraun
Midhdalsjokull
Midkvislarhraun
Myrdalsjokull
Myrdalsjökull
Raudibotn
Soelheimajokull
Tuddahraun
Vedurhalshraun
Volcano Type: Subglacial volcano(es)
Latitude: 63.6333333300
Longitude: -19.0500000000
Region: Iceland and Arctic Ocean Sub Region: Iceland-S
Date Entered: 02/05/2012

Eruption Details

Eruption Start Date: 12/10/1918 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.300 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.700 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.800 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : + 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date: 8 /5 /1860 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: 27/5 /1860 Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date: 17/10/1755 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: High quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): > 0.430 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): > 1.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : ? 5.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date: 11/5 /1721 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: High quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.430 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 1.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : ? 5.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date: 3 /11/1660 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: High quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date: 2 /9 /1625 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: High quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.430 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): > 1.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date: 12/10/1612 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date: 11/8 /1580 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date: 1550 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Tephrochronology
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date: 1500 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Tephrochronology
Eruption Date Quality: Low quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.348 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.800 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.900 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date: 1440 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Not Available
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date: 1416 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: High quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): < 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): < 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : ? 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date: 1357 Date Error: 3
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.300 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.700 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.800 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : + 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date: 1262 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): > 0.430 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): > 1.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date: 1245 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date: 1210 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Tephrochronology
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.040 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.100 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date: 934 Date Error: 2
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Ice core
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 1.850 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 5.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.700 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 15.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 10.110 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : ? 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Basalt
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Basalt
Eruption Start Date: 920 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date: -850 Date Error: 50
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
C14 Date: 2660 C14 Date Error: 50
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.126 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.290 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.500 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date: -1440 Date Error: 40
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
C14 Date: 3139 C14 Date Error: 40
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.096 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.220 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date: -1920 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality: Low quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.057 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.130 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.100 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date: 11980 BP Date Error: 80
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Ice core
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 2.800 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 6.500 (Literature)
Ignimbrite DRE Volume (km3): 2.800
Ignimbrite Deposit Volume : 6.500
Magnitude : 5.800 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 6.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite

Data downloads

Alternate Property downloads