Volcano Name:Katla Smithsonian Inst ID (SI_VNUM): 372030
Alternate Name:
Alftakvislarhraun
Almenningahraun
Brytalaekir
Eldgjá
Emstruhruan
Fljotahraun
Hoefdhajokull
Katlogiaa
Koetlegiaa
Kotlugja
Krikahraun
Maelifellshraun
Midhdalsjokull
Midkvislarhraun
Myrdalsjokull
Myrdalsjökull
Raudibotn
Soelheimajokull
Tuddahraun
Vedurhalshraun
Volcano Type:Subglacial volcano(es)
Latitude: 63.6333333300
Longitude: -19.0500000000
Region:Iceland and Arctic Ocean Sub Region:Iceland-S
Date Entered:02/05/2012
 
Eruption Details
Eruption Start Date:12/10/1918 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.300 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.700 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.800 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : + 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:8 /5 /1860 Date Error:
Eruption End Date:27/5 /1860 Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:17/10/1755 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): > 0.430 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): > 1.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : ? 5.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:11/5 /1721 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.430 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 1.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : ? 5.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:3 /11/1660 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:2 /9 /1625 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.430 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): > 1.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:12/10/1612 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:11/8 /1580 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:1550 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Tephrochronology
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:1500 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Tephrochronology
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.348 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.800 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.900 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:1440 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:1416 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): < 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): < 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : ? 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:1357 Date Error:3
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.300 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.700 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.800 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : + 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:1262 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): > 0.430 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): > 1.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:1245 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:1210 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Tephrochronology
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.040 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.100 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:934 Date Error:2
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Ice core
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 1.850 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 5.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.700 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 15.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 10.110 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : ? 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Basalt
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Basalt
Eruption Start Date:920 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:-850 Date Error:50
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
C14 Date: 2660 C14 Date Error: 50
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.126 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.290 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.500 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:-1440 Date Error:40
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
C14 Date: 3139 C14 Date Error: 40
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.096 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.220 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:-1920 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.057 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.130 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.100 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:11980 BP Date Error:80
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Ice core
Eruption Date Quality:Medium quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 2.800 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 6.500 (Literature)
Ignimbrite DRE Volume (km3): 2.800
Ignimbrite Deposit Volume : 6.500
Magnitude : 5.800 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 6.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite

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