Volcano Name: Vesuvius Smithsonian Inst ID (SI_VNUM): 211020
Alternate Name:
Bocca del Viulo
Camaldoli della Torre
Colle Margherita
Colle Umberto
Fossamonaca
Gran Cono
I Monticelli
Masseria Bosco del Monaco
Monte Somma
Somma-Vesuviana
Tironi
Vesbius
Vesuve
Vesuvio
Volcano Type: Somma volcano(es)
Latitude: 40.8213888900
Longitude: 14.4261111100
Region: Mediterranean and W Asia Sub Region: Italy
Date Entered: 02/05/2012

Eruption Details

Eruption Start Date: 18/12/1875 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: 22/04/1906 Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: High quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.050 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.130 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.100 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : ? 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Phonotephrite-Phonolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Phonolite
Phonotephrite
Eruption Start Date: 16/12/1631 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: High quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.478 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 1.096 (Literature)
Ignimbrite DRE Volume (km3): 0.088 (Calculated)
Ignimbrite Deposit Volume : 0.190 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.100 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 28.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.120 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : ? 5.000 (Literature)
Minimum Column Height (km): 16.000 (Literature)
Minimum Intensity : 10.190 (Column Height)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.390 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 0.906 (Calculated)
Eruption Start Date: 1 /12/968 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: High quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.120 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.290 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.500 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Phonotephrite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Phonotephrite
Eruption Start Date: 2 /685 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: High quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.040 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.100 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Phonotephrite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Phonotephrite
Eruption Start Date: 8 /7 /512 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: Not Entered Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 0.040 (Assumed)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): >= 0.100 (Assumed)
Magnitude : ? 4.000 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : ? 4.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date: 5 /11/472 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: High quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.520 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 1.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.100 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 25.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 10.930 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Magma: Phonotephrite-Phonolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Phonolite
Phonotephrite
Eruption Start Date: 203 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: High quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 0.040 (Assumed)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): >= 0.100 (Assumed)
Magnitude : >= 4.000 (Assumed)
Maximum VEI : >= 4.000 (Assumed)
Magma: Not Available
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Eruption Start Date: 24/10/79 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Historical records
Eruption Date Quality: High quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 2.380 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 3.300 (Literature)
Ignimbrite DRE Volume (km3): 0.280 (Calculated)
Ignimbrite Deposit Volume : 0.750 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.800 (Literature)
Maximum Column Height (km): 33.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.400 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : ? 5.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 2.100 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 2.500 (Literature)
Magma: Tephrite-Phonolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Phonolite
Tephrite
Phonolite
Tephrite
Magma: Phonotephrite-Phonolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Phonolite
Phonotephrite
Magma: Phonolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Phonolite
Eruption Start Date: -880 Date Error: 50
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
C14 Date: 2710 C14 Date Error: 60
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.190 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.400 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.700 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Phonotephrite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Phonotephrite
Eruption Start Date: -1430 Date Error: 300
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
C14 Date: 3250 C14 Date Error: 70
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.082 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.170 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Phonotephrite-Phonolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Phonolite
Phonotephrite
Eruption Start Date: -1550 Date Error: 75
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
C14 Date: 3480 C14 Date Error: 60
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.070 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.150 (Literature)
Magnitude : 6.600 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Phonotephrite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Phonolite
Phonotephrite
Eruption Start Date: -2420 Date Error: 40
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.740 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 2.000 (Literature)
Ignimbrite DRE Volume (km3): 0.190 (Calculated)
Ignimbrite Deposit Volume : 0.500 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.300 (Literature)
Maximum Column Height (km): 30.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.000 (Eruption Rate)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.700 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 1.500 (Literature)
Magma: Phonotephrite-Phonolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Phonolite
Phonotephrite
Magma: Phonolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Phonolite
Eruption Start Date: -6940 Date Error: 100
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
C14 Date: 8010 C14 Date Error: 45
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 1.340 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 2.750 (Literature)
Ignimbrite DRE Volume (km3): 0.090 (Calculated)
Ignimbrite Deposit Volume : 0.250 (Literature)
Magnitude : 6.100 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 1.250 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 2.500 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date: 19265 BP Date Error: 105
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
C14 Date: 16020 C14 Date Error: 130
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.400 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 1.300 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.000 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 20.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 10.560 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Minimum Column Height (km): 16.000 (Literature)
Minimum Intensity : 10.190 (Column Height)
Magma: Trachyte
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Trachyte
Eruption Start Date: 22030 BP Date Error: 175
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
C14 Date: 18300 C14 Date Error: 150
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.600 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 1.900 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.100 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 20.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 10.560 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Minimum Column Height (km): 16.000 (Literature)
Minimum Intensity : 10.190 (Column Height)
Magma: Trachyandesite-Trachyte
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Trachyte
Trachyandesite
Eruption Start Date: 28555 BP Date Error: 1910
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique: Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality: Medium quality Preferred Date: Y
C14 Date: 25100 C14 Date Error: 400
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.700 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 2.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.200 (Calculated)
Maximum Column Height (km): 20.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 10.560 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Calculated)
Minimum Column Height (km): 16.000 (Literature)
Minimum Intensity : 10.190 (Column Height)
Magma: Trachyandesite-Trachyte
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Trachyte
Trachyandesite

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