Volcano Name:Sakura-jima Smithsonian Inst ID (SI_VNUM): 282080
Alternate Name:
Aira
Furihata-yama
Gongen-yama
Haruta-yama
Hikinohira
Hirase
Kita-dake
Mi-take
Minami-dake
Nabe-yama
Naka-dake
Okise
Sakura-zima
Showa
Tagiri
Wakamiko
Yunohira
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano(es)
Latitude: 31.5850000000
Longitude: 130.6569444000
Region:Japan, Taiwan, Marianas Sub Region:Ryukyu Islands & Kyushu
Date Entered:02/05/2012
 
Eruption Details
Eruption Start Date:13/10/1955 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:Not Entered Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 0.040 (Assumed)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): >= 0.100 (Assumed)
Magnitude : 4.600 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 3.000 (Literature)
Eruption Start Date:12/1 /1914 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 2.200 (Literature)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 5.500 (Calculated)
Magnitude : 5.600 (Literature)
Maximum Column Height (km): 15.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 10.080 (Column Height)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Not Available
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Eruption Start Date:8 /11/1779 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.160 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.400 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.300 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Not Available
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Eruption Start Date:3 /11/1471 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.520 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): > 1.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.900 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : ? 5.000 (Literature)
Magma: Not Available
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Eruption Start Date:1 /764 Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Historical records
Eruption Date Quality:High quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 0.040 (Assumed)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): >= 0.100 (Assumed)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Not Available
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Eruption Start Date:3000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:No information Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 0.400 (Assumed)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): >= 1.000 (Assumed)
Magnitude : 5.000 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Calculated)
Eruption Start Date:5700 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:No information Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 0.040 (Assumed)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): >= 0.100 (Assumed)
Magnitude : 5.000 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Not Available
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Eruption Start Date:6500 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:No information Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 0.040 (Assumed)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): >= 0.100 (Assumed)
Magnitude : 4.800 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Literature)
Magma: Not Available
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Eruption Start Date:8000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:No information Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 0.040 (Assumed)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): >= 0.100 (Assumed)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Calculated)
Eruption Start Date:9000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:No information Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 0.400 (Assumed)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): >= 1.000 (Assumed)
Magnitude : 5.000 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Magma: Andesite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Andesite
Eruption Start Date:10000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:No information Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 0.040 (Assumed)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): >= 0.100 (Assumed)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Calculated)
Eruption Start Date:11000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:No information Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 0.040 (Assumed)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): >= 0.100 (Assumed)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Calculated)
Magma: Not Available
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Eruption Start Date:12000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:No information Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 0.400 (Assumed)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): >= 1.000 (Assumed)
Magnitude : 5.900 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : ? 5.000 (Literature)
Magma: Not Available
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Eruption Start Date:13000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:No information Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 4.800 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 12.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 6.100 (Calculated)
Maximum VEI : 6.000 (Literature)
Magma: Not Available
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Eruption Start Date:23000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:No information Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 0.040 (Assumed)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): >= 0.100 (Assumed)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Calculated)
Eruption Start Date:24000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:No information Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 0.010 (Assumed)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): >= 0.100 (Assumed)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Calculated)
Eruption Start Date:25500 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:No information Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 0.400 (Assumed)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): >= 1.000 (Assumed)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Magma: Not Available
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Eruption Start Date:28000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:No information Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 198.260 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 456.000 (Literature)
Ignimbrite DRE Volume (km3): 89.570 (Calculated)
Ignimbrite Deposit Volume : 206.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 8.300 (Literature)
Maximum Column Height (km): 44.000 (Literature)
Maximum Intensity : 11.620 (Eruption Rate)
Maximum VEI : <= 8.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 34.300 (Literature)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 250.000 (Literature)
Magma: Dacite-Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Dacite
Rhyolite
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
(Minor/less than 10%) Dacite
(Minor/less than 10%) Andesite
Eruption Start Date:29000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:No information Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 0.035 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.080 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.000 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Calculated)
Eruption Start Date:30000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Radiocarbon (corrected)
Eruption Date Quality:No information Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.520 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 1.200 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.900 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.520 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 1.200 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:30000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:Low quality Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.650 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 1.500 (Literature)
Ignimbrite DRE Volume (km3): 0.650 (Calculated)
Ignimbrite Deposit Volume : 1.500 (Literature)
Magnitude : 4.400 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 4.000 (Calculated)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:43000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:Not Entered Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 0.220 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 0.500 (Literature)
Magnitude : 5.300 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 5.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 0.220 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 0.500 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:65000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Stratigraphy
Eruption Date Quality:Not Entered Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 4.130 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 9.500 (Literature)
Ignimbrite DRE Volume (km3): 4.130 (Calculated)
Ignimbrite Deposit Volume : 9.500 (Literature)
Magnitude : 6.200 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : ? 6.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:85000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:Not Entered Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): 4.350 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): 10.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 6.500 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 6.000 (Literature)
Tephra fall DRE Volume (km3): 4.300 (Calculated)
Tephra fall Deposit Volume (km3): 10.000 (Literature)
Magma: Rhyolite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Rhyolite
Eruption Start Date:456000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:Not Entered Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): > 41.670 (Calculated)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): > 100.000 (Literature)
Magnitude : 7.000 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 7.000 (Literature)
Magma: Dacite
Calculated Density:
Rock Classification:
Dacite
Eruption Start Date:500000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:No information Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 40.000 (Assumed)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): >= 100.000 (Assumed)
Magnitude : 7.000 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : 7.000 (Calculated)
Eruption Start Date:850000 BP Date Error:
Eruption End Date: Dating Technique:Not Available
Eruption Date Quality:No information Preferred Date:Y
Bulk DRE Volume (km3): >= 4.000 (Assumed)
Bulk deposit volume (km3): >= 10.000 (Assumed)
Magnitude : 6.000 (Literature)
Maximum VEI : >= 6.000 (Calculated)

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