Dr James Appleton

Dr James Appleton Geochemist

Location: Keyworth

Tel: 0115 936 3207

E-mail Dr James Appleton


  •  2006 –2012 :  Geochemical Hazards Project Manager in the Derived Products Team of the BGS Information Products Programme
  •  2001 –2006 :  Project Manager for Radon Project within the BGS GeoHazards Programme; UNIDO consultant on mercury contamination in Tanzania
  •  1995 –2001 :  Project manager for DETR radon project, BGS Geohazards Programme radon project, DFID selenium, arsenic and mercury projects. UNIDO mercury consultant in the Philippines; FAO (UN) consultant on phosphate resources in Bolivia
  •  1990 –1995 :  Project Manager for (1) UK DOE review of natural contamination in GB and (2) UK ODA environmental geochemistry project in Bolivia, Kenya, Sierra Leone, Sumatra, Swaziland and Zimbabwe
  •  1983 –1990 :  BGS Project Manager (Geochemist) for ODA projects in Bolivia, Colombia, Malawi, Peru, Sri Lanka and Zambia: regional geochemistry, rock geochemistry, African carbonatites, agromineral resources
  •  1976 –1983 :  Principal geochemist, Proyecto Precambrico, Santa Cruz, Bolivia
  •  1973 –1976 :  Geochemist-exploration geologist in BGS Radioactive and Metalliferous Minerals Unit
  •  1970 –1973 :  Geologist, Geological Survey Department, Lusaka, Zambia
  •  1967 –1970 :  PhD in geochemistry “Petrogenesis of Potassium-rich Lavas from the Roccamonfina Volcano, Roman Region, Italy”. University of Edinburgh.
  •  1964 –1967 :  BSc (Hons) Class 1 in Geology, University of Durham

Research interests

  •  Agromineral resources
  •  Carbonatites
  •  Geochemical mapping methods
  •  Methane and carbon dioxide from natural sources and mining
  •  Radon hazard mapping
  •  Soil and sediment geochemistry

Current projects and collaboration

  •  Geochemical Hazards (production of national datasets for radon and potentially harmful elements)
  •  Joint BGS-HPA radon programme
  •  Soil chemistry of Greater London

Published outputs

Key papers

APPLETON, Cave M.R., Wragg J. 2012. Modelling lead bioaccessibility in urban topsoils based on data from Glasgow,London, Northampton and Swansea, UK. Environmental Pollution 171, 265-272

APPLETON, J.D.; Adlam, K.A.M. 2012. Geogenic control on soil chemistry in urban areas : a novel method for urban geochemical mapping using parent material classified data. Applied Geochemistry, 27 (1). 161-170

APPLETON, J.D.; Cave, M.R.; Wragg, J. 2012. Anthropogenic and geogenic impacts on arsenic bioaccessibility in UK topsoils. Science of the Total Environment, 435. 21-29

APPLETON J D, Cave M R, Miles JCH, Sumerling TJ. 2011. Soil radium, soil gas radon and indoor radon empirical relationships to assist in post-closure impact assessment related to near-surface radioactive waste disposal. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 102 (3) 221-234

APPLETON J.D, Miles J.C.H., Young M. 2011. Comparison of Northern Ireland radon maps based on indoor radon measurements and geology with maps derived by predictive modelling of airborne radiometric and ground permeability data. Science of the Total Environment, 409, 1572-1583

APPLETON JD, Doyle E Fenton D and Organo C. 2011. Radon potential mapping of the Tralee-Castleisland and Cavan areas (Ireland) based on airborne gamma-ray spectrometry and geology. Journal of Radiological Protection, 31, 211-235

APPLETON J.D. and Miles J.H.C. 2010. A statistical evaluation of the geogenic controls on indoor radon concentrations and radon risk. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 101 (10), 799 – 803

Hunter, N; Muirhead, CR.; Miles, JCH.; APPLETON, JD. 2009. Uncertainties in radon related to house-specific factors and proximity to geological boundaries in England. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 136 (1). 17-22

Jones, D.G., APPLETON, J.D., Breward, N., Mackenzie, A.C., Scheib, C., Beresford, N. A., Barnett, C.L., Wood, M.D., Copplestone D. 2009. Assessment of naturally occurring radionuclides around England and Wales: application of the G-BASE dataset to estimate doses to non-human species. Radioprotection 44, 5, 629-634

Scheib, C., APPLETON, J. D., Miles, J.C.H., Green, B.M.R., Barlow, T.S., Jones, D.G. 2009. Geological controls on radon potential in Scotland. Scottish Journal of Geology, 45(2): 147-160.

APPLETON, J. D., Rawlins, B.G. & Thornton, I. 2008. National-scale estimation of potentially harmful element ambient background concentrations in topsoil using parent material classified soil:stream–sediment relationships. Applied Geochemistry 23, 2596–2611

APPLETON, J.D. Radon : sources, health risks and hazard mapping. 2007. Ambio, 36 (1). 85-89

APPLETON J D, Weeks, J M, Calvez J P S and Beinhoff, C. 2006. Impacts of mercury contaminated mining waste on soil quality, crops, bivalves, and fish in the Naboc River area, Mindanao, Philippines. Science of the Total Environment, 354: 198-211.

APPLETON, J D, Zhang Q, Green KA, Zhang G, Ge X, Liu X and Xi Li J. 2006. Selenium in soil, grain, human hair and drinking water in relation to esophageal cancer in the Cixian area, Hebei Province, People’s Republic of China. Applied Geochemistry, 21: 684-700.

APPLETON, J D. 2005. Radon in air and water. 227-262 in Essentials of Medical Geology: Impacts of the natural environment on public health. Selinus et al. (eds.) ( Burlington, Mass.:Elsevier Academic Press)

APPLETON, J.D., Miles, J.C.H. 2005. Radon in Wales. In: Urban Geology of Wales, Volume 2. Nicol D and Bassett MG (editors), National Museum of Wales Geological Series. (Cardiff: National Museum of Wales).

Miles J C H and APPLETON, J D. 2005. Mapping variation in radon potential both between and within geological units. Journal of Radiological Protection, 25: 257-276

Taylor, H, APPLETON, J D, Lister, R, Smith, B, Ctitaweba, D, Mkumbo, O, Machiwa, J F, Tesha, A L, and Beinhoff, C. 2005. Environmental assessment of mercury contamination from the Rwamagasa artisanal gold mining centre, Geita District, Tanzania. Science of the Total Environment, 343: 111-133

APPLETON, J D, and Ball, T K. 2001. Geological radon potential mapping. In: P Bobrowsky (ed.) Geoenvironmental mapping: methods, theory and practice Rotterdam: Balkema, 577-613

APPLETON, J.D. Williams TM, Orbea H, Carrasco, M., and Maldonado, R. 2001. Fluvial contamination associated with artisanal gold mining in the Ponce Enríquez, Portovelo-Zaruma and Nambija areas, Ecuador. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 131: 19-39.

APPLETON, J.D., Williams T M, Breward, N, Apostol, T, Miguel, J. and Miranda, C. 1999. Mercury contamination associated with artisanal gold mining on the island of Mindanao, the Philippines. Science of the Total Environment. Vol. 228, 95-109.

APPLETON J D, Fuge, R and McCall, G J (Editors). 1996. Environmental Geochemistry and Health in Developing Countries, Geological Society Special Publication No 113, 264 pp.

APPLETON J D and Ridgway J, 1994. Drainage geochemistry in tropical rainforest terrains. In: M Hale and J A Plant. Drainage Geochemistry in Mineral Exploration. Handbook of Exploration Geochemistry, Vol. 6 (G J S Govett, editor), Chapter 10, 341-378.

APPLETON, J D, Bland, D.J., Nancarrow, P.H., Styles, M.T., Mambwe, S.H. and Zambezi, P. 1992. The occurrence of daqingshanite (Ce) in the Nkombwa Hill carbonatite, Zambia. Mineralogical Magazine, Vol 56, 419 422.

APPLETON, J.D., Ridgway, J., Claros, J., Gomez Caballero, A., Rodriguez, W. and Villasenor, M.G. 1990. Lithogeochemical exploration for silver mineralisation in Bolivia, Mexico and Peru. Trans. Instn. Min. and Metall., Section B, Applied Earth Sciences, 98, B201 212.

Annells, R N and APPLETON, J D. 1983. Occurrence of lateritic nickel mineralization at Rincon del Tigre eastern Bolivia. Trans. Instn. Min. Metall (Sect. B: Appl. earth sci.), Vol 92, B46-B48

APPLETON, J.D. 1972. Petrogenesis of potassium-rich lavas from the Roccamonfina volcano, Roman Region, Italy, J. Petrology, Vol 13, 425-456.