A-Z list of ESAA projects

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A Cellular Automaton Model for Investigating Landscape Development in Vegetated Aeolian EnvironmentsBass, Dr A C WVegetation plays an important role in landscapes that are shaped by wind-driven (aeolian) sand transport, such as coastal dunes and semi-arid regions …CLIMATE CHANGE, EARTH SURFACE, ECOLOGY, POPULATION, SEDIMENTARY GEOLOGY

A Deep Seismic Study of the Amazon Cone: Implications for the Strength of the Extended Continental LithosphereProfessor Anthony B Watts; Dr Christine Peirce;The Amazon Cone is a deep-sea fan system that developed on a continental margin, North East Brazil and French Guiana, approximately 90-100 Myr following a rifting event …CRUSTAL SHORTENING, DEEP FOCUS EARTHQUAKES, QUARRIES, RIFT BASINS, SANDSTONE, SEISMIC PROFILES

A Pilot Experiment on Rock Weathering in PermafrostMurton, Dr JThe processes by which frost shatters rock are subject to controversy. The main objective of the proposed research is to develop a new methodology for experimentally testing a model of ice segregation …GLACIAL ACTION, PERMAFROST, WEATHERING

AR-AR and U-PB Recalibration of Palaeocene-Ecocene MagnetostratigraphyFitton, Professor GHigh-presicion Ar- Ar and U-Pb dating of magmatic events in the British Tertiary igneous province is difficult to reconcile with the magnetostratigraphy …EARTH CORE, EARTH MANTLE, EARTH SURFACE, PALAEOENVIRONMENT

Age and Origin of Siberian diamonds: a Re-Os isotope study of sulphide inclusionsPearson, Professor D GKnowing the age of diamonds is critical to understanding their formation and likely distribution in the mantle …DIAMONDS, EARTH MANTLE

An Experimental Study of the Stability of Hydrous Phases at High Pressures Implications for H2O Storage and Release in Subduction ZonesPawley, Dr ATo determine the p-t stability of hydrous phases in ultramafic compositions in subduction zones, and the conditions at which h2o is released from subducting slabs in dehydration reactions; to obtain thermodynamic …HYDROGEOLOGY, SUBDUCTION ZONES

An Investigation of the Rheology and Flow Behaviour of Vesicular Magmas and LavasMader, Dr H MWe aim to conduct an in-depth study of the rheology and flow dynamics of foams and bubble suspensions in Newtonian liquids with gas volume fraction in the range 0 to 75% and to apply the results to the …RHEOLOGY, VOLCANOLOGY

Analysis of Reaction and Flow in Stochastically Heterogeneous Porous MediaHuppert, Professor HStability of a reactive front in a heterogeneous porous medium characterised by a statistical description of a permeability and/or reactivity will be studied …FLUID DYNAMICS, FLUID FLOW, FLUID MECHANICS, HYDROCARBON PROCESSING

Architectural Analysis of Glacier-Influenced Margin Sediments Using Seismic Records from the Late Ordovician of North AfricaProfessor Julian A DowdeswellThe results of geophysical and geological investigations (side-scan sonar, seismics and cores) and numerical modelling of the processes and patterns of glacier-influenced sediments on the continental …GLACIAL MARINE SEDIMENTS, GLACIAL SEDIMENTS, RESERVOIR CHARACTERISTICS, SEDIMENTARY HISTORY, SIDE SCAN SONAR

Architecture and Controls of Sinuous Submarine Channels: Analysis of 3D Seismic Data, Modern Channel Systems and Experimental InvestigationsDr Sanjeev Gupta; Dr. Jeffrey Peakall;Sinuous submarine channel systems are important sedimentary components of continental margins and form significant oil reservoirs in the deep offshore …FLOW PROFILE, SEDIMENTARY HISTORY

Are Bacterial-Like Structures on Silurian and Devonian Plant Fossils Silurian or Devonian Microfossils?Edwards, Professor DSpherical and rod-shaped structures of bacterial dimensions found on coalified Upper Silurian and Lower Devonian mesofossils including spores, cuticles and coprolites will be subjected to a number of …BIODIVERSITY

BIRPS (British Institutions Reflection Profiling Syndicate)BIRPS was formally launched at meeting held at the Royal Society of London on 9 November, 1981. The emphasis on marine seismic profiling in the seas around Britain and the continental shelf …CONTINENTAL SHELF, DEEP SEISMIC SURVEYS, MARINE SURVEYS, SEISMIC REFLECTION SURVEYS, SEISMIC SURVEYS

BIRPS MOIST / West Orkney Basin 2D SeismicBIRPS MOIST / West Orkney Basin 2D marine seismic survey held at DurhamSEISMICITY

Beatrice 1997 2D & 3D Seismic SurveyPorcupine Basin 3D marine seismic survey held at DurhamSEISMIC SURVEYS

Bedrock Fracture by Ice SegregationMurton, Dr JThe research will experimentally test the ice-segregation model of rock fracture in the context of near-surface bedrock …EARTH SURFACE, GLACIAL ACTION, QUATERNARY

Biodiversity Change in the Ordovician of the British IslesOwen, Dr A WThe most sustained steep increase in marine biodiversity took place during the Ordovician. The variety of biogeographical and palaeoecological settings in the British Isles, the historical type area for …PALAEOENVIRONMENT

Biogeochemical and Microbial Analyses of Deep Saline Hotwater Aquifer in the Weardale GraniteHead, Professor IOpportunities to sample relatively undisturbed deep subsurface microbial communities rarely arise. This outline for an Urgency proposal relates to one such rare opportunity to sample a deep hot, saline …BIOGEOCHEMICAL EXPLORATION, GEOTHERMAL ENERGY, GROUND WATER RESOURCES, HYDROGEOLOGY, MICROBIOLOGICAL PROCESSES, RENEWABLE ENERGY

Biomolecular Achaeology of Ancient Tuberculosis in Britain and EuropeRoberts, Professor CTuberculosis (TB) is a reemerging infection that was also common in the past in Britain. Poverty, drug resistance, the HIV, and migration are key factors in its occurrence today …ARCHAEOLOGY, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT, EVOLUTION, GENETIC ENGINEERING, POPULATION

Calibration of Speleothem Luminescene Excitation-Emission Wavelength Variations and the Development of High Res Records of Holocene Climate Change for NW EuropeBaker, Professor AFibre-optic spectrophotometry permits the non-destructive analysis of speleothem luminescence wavelength with a temporal resolution of 1-10 years …CLIMATE CHANGE, CLIMATOLOGY

Cementation of Oilfield Sandstones: Micro-Geochemical Tracers, Reveal Macro-Fluid HydrogeologyHaszeldine, Professor R SReservoir quality in hydrocarbon reservoir sandstones can be greatly influenced by mineral cementation or dissolution …BASINS, FLUID DYNAMICS, FLUID FLOW, FLUID MECHANICS, GEOLOGICAL MODELS

Chalk borehole sections databaseMortimore, RoryThe aim of this project is to test and expand on the work previously carried out o the Chalk Borehole and Sections Database (CBSD)BOREHOLES, CHALK

Characterisation of palaeo-precipitation from variations in the structure of stalagmite annual luminescence laminationsBaker, Professor ATo determine the seasonality and inter-annual variability of rainfall from the variations in annual luminescence laminations for multiple samples of recently deposited stalagmites from two monitored cave …CLIMATE CHANGE, EARTH SURFACE, PALAEOENVIRONMENT, WEATHER

Characterisation, Distribution and Effects on Hydrocarbon Reservoir Prospectivity of Regional Tertiary Hot Fluid Pulses in the North Atlantic (HOTFLO)Dr John ParnellThe project will determine the distribution and magnitude of Tertiary hot fluid pulses throughout the North Atlantic region in order to advance significantly the modelling of thermal history and improve …FLOW PROFILE, FLUID FLOW, FLUID INCLUSIONS, GEOTHERMAL HISTORY, HYDROCARBONS, TERTIARY

Chromium Concentations At Chromite Ore Processing Residue Contaminated Sites: Solid PhasePurpose: to determine the concentrations of Chromium species and other elements at Chromite ore processing residue (COPR) contaminated sites in SE Glasgow and South Lanarkshire …CHROMIUM, CONTAMINATION, GEOCHEMISTRY

Chromium Concentrations At Chromite Ore Processing Residue Contaminated Sites: Solution PhasePurpose: (I) to determine the concentration of chromium (and other elements) in filtered and tangential-flow ultrafiltered groundwaters and soil solutions at COPR-contaminated sites in SE Glasgow and …CHEMISTRY, CHROMIUM, CONTAMINATION

Collection of x-ray diffraction films and x-ray diffractograms from the clay fractions extracted from the sedimentary strata of the British Isles.Jeans, Christopher VThe C V Jeans collection of x-ray diffraction films and x-ray diffractograms form the basis of my investigations into the clay minerals stratigraphy of the Cretaceous, Jurassis, Permo-Triassic and Old …CLAY MINERALOGY

Combined Detrital Geochronology and Provenance Studies of Cretaceous-Paleoecene Sediments from the Faroe-Shetland BasinKelley, Professor Simon PClassical provenance study techniques will be extended using Ar-Ar dating of individual detrital micas to examine the link between source uplift, erosion and sediment supply in the pivotal area west of …EROSION, SEDIMENTS

Comparison Of Clean-Up Procedures: Isolation Of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAHs) From SoilsPurpose: to evaluate two extraction methods and two clean-up procedures used for the isolation of PAHs from a contaminated soil (BG CLR 17) …AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS, CONTAMINATION, GEOCHEMISTRY, SOLVENT EXTRACTION

Compilation of Geological Information and Published Data for the Kingsbridge AreaRumbold, Dr RichardCompilation of information gathered by Dr Richard Rumbold for Kingsbridge area of Devon. Collected for revision of geological sheets 355 and 356. Passed to BGS by his estateGEOLOGICAL DATA, GEOLOGICAL MAPPING

Computational Modelling of Hydrogen Defects and Their Mobility in OlivineWright, Dr K VOlivine, the major component of the Earth's upper mantle, is known to contain water in the form of H defects …EARTH CORE, EARTH MANTLE, TECTONICS

Controls on Matrix and Fracture Flow from Geochemical Analysis of Produced OilPredicting oil production from chalk reservoirs relies on quantifying contributions from fracture and matrix porosity, which change during compaction …FLUID DYNAMICS, FLUID FLOW, FLUID MECHANICS, GEOCHEMISTRY

Correlation of the Cretaceous exposures of East AntrimFletcher, Terence PThe main project of this study has been the analysis of all the Cretaceous deposits exposed in East Antrim …FIELD GEOLOGY, REGIONAL GEOLOGY, SEDIMENTARY ENVIRONMENTS

Correlations Between Form, Function and Behaviour: The Inner Ears of Birds and ReptilesBarrett, Dr P MThe vertebrate inner ear is a complex structure that incorporates the organs of balance and hearing. Both senses are essential to the normal functioning of an organism: unsurprisingly, the inner ears …PALAEOECOLOGY

DECC: Reports from Kingsnorth E.ON UK Carbon Capture & Storage Front End Engineering and Design (FEED) projectE.ON UKDuring 2010-11, as part of the Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS) Demonstration Competition process, E.ON undertook a preliminary Front End Engineering Design (FEED) study for the development of a commercial …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

DECC: Reports from Longannet ScottishPower UK Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS) Consortium Front End Engineering and Design (FEED) ProjectScottishPower CCS ConsortiumIn March 2010, the Scottish CCS (Carbon Capture & Storage) Consortium began an extensive Front End, Engineering and Design (FEED) study to assess what exactly would be required from an engineering, commercial …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

DECC: Reports from Peterhead and White Rose UK Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Front End Engineering and Design (FEED) ProjectsE.ON UKThe UK government is committed to sharing the knowledge from the UK CCS projects. Under the 2013/2014 Front End Engineering and Design (FEED) contracts, the Peterhead and White Rose CCS projects are required …CARBON

Dating of Authigenic K-feldspar as a Tracer of Fluid Flow in Atlantic Margin BasinsKelley, Professor Simon PDeposition in many Ocean Margin settings involves settling of non-cohesive grains ('sand') through a non-Newtonian suspension of colloidal ('mud') particles …ALKALI FELDSPARS, COLLOIDS, FLUID FLOW, FLUID INCLUSIONS, HYDROCARBONS, RESERVOIR CHARACTERISTICS, TURBIDITE, TURBIDITY CURRENTS

Deflection of mantle plume material by cratonic keels models and observationsEbinger, Professor JNumerical models (sleep, 1996,1997) of mantle plumes that consider variations in lithospheric thicknesss suggest that deep cratonic roots influence the flow of hot, bouyant plume material …EARTH LITHOSPHERE, GEOTHERMAL HEAT FLOW, GRAVITY DATA, MANTLE PLUMES, MINERAL EXPLORATION, SEISMOLOGY

Determination of Hydraulic Properties of distributed Fractures Using Seismic TechniquesLiu, Dr EWe propose to develop innovative seismic techniques for establishing links between hydraulic or fluid flow properties (porosity, permeability, connectivity) and seismic properties (impedance, velocity, …BOREHOLES, FLUID DYNAMICS, FLUID FLOW, FLUID MECHANICS, GROUND WATER

Determination of the Rupture History of Large Earthquakes from Analysis of Broad Band SeismogramsDas, Dr SA complete picture of the processes occurring on seismically active faults is the essential prerequisite for the reliable assessment and mitigation of earthquake hazards …CHEMISTRY, NATURAL HAZARDS, PHYSICS, TECTONICS

Determination of the water content of the Archaean mantleNisbet, Professor E GThe freshest available Archaean (3.5 and 2.7 ga) and young komatiites, including very fresh Belingwe olivine with melt inclusions and newly collected Barberton rock with fresh olivine, will be used to …EARTH CORE, EARTH MANTLE, OCEANS, TECTONICS, VOLCANOES

Determining an accurate timescale for the vostok ice core using ice-sheet measurements and modellingSiegert, Professor M JThe nature of ice-sheet flow between Ridge B and the Vostok sub-ice lake will be determined from a series of measurements and numerical models …GLACIAL ACTION, LAND ICE, PALAEOENVIRONMENT, QUATERNARY

Developing Hydropyrolysis to Generate Molecular Biomarker Signals for Solving Key Problems in Oil Exploration Where Conventional Biomarkers FailProfessor Colin E SnapeThe aim is to realise the potential of hydropyrolysis (pyrolysis assisted by high hydrogen gas pressures) as a means to provide reliable molecular fingerprints for severely biodegraded oils, contaminated …BIOMARKERS, FLUID FLOW, HYDROCARBONS, RESERVOIR CHARACTERISTICS

Developing testate amoebae analyses for improving precision in holocene sea-level reconstructionGehrels, Professor RA pilot study in the Taf estuary, south wales (carman et al., in press) has demonstrated the potential of testate amoebae analyses in reconstructing high-resolution holocene sea-level changes …COASTS, HOLOCENE, PALAEOENVIRONMENT, SEA LEVEL, SEDIMENTARY GEOLOGY

Development of geochemical and mineralogical methods for targeting lower environmental impact secondary copper deposits in the Troodos Massif, CyprusWilliamson, Dr B JThe Troodos Massif, Cyprus has been mined since the Bronze age and contains around 90 copper deposits (Robb, 2005) …BIOGEOCHEMISTRY, EARTH SCIENCES

Development of synchrotron in-situ multianvil techniques and their application to the study of upper mantle mineral reactionsPawley, Dr AMulti anvil presses (MAPS) are used worldwide for high p/t work. The 'Walker cell' has made maps more accessible for earth sciences research …CHEMISTRY, EARTH CORE, EARTH MANTLE, PHYSICS

Dinosaur/plant interactions: testing co-evolutionary patterns over geological timescalesBarrett, Dr P MCo-evolution happens when two (or more) species interact with each other so that the evolution of one influences the evolution of the other, and vice versa (e …GLOBAL WARMING, PALAEOENVIRONMENT

Dividing Scotland: A Model for Sediment Transfer at Ocean MarginsProfessor David MacDonaldHinterland processes control the rate, location and composition of sand supplied to ocean margins. Processes controlling sediment flux and hence location and quality of reservoir sands are not well understood. …CONTINENTAL RISE, SEDIMENTARY HISTORY, SEDIMENTATION

Do palaeogene marine sediments in the Andaman Flysch, Sylhet Trough and Iranian Makran record early erosion of the Himalayas?Carter, Dr AMountain belts disrupt atmospheric circulation patterns and profoundly influence climate. Understanding long-term climate change thus requires good definition of timing and growth rate of major mountain …EARTH SCIENCES, SEDIMENTARY GEOLOGY

Dynamics of the eruption of the Soufriere Hills Volcano, MontserratUnderstanding of the fundamental dynamic controls of eruptive behaviour of andesite volcanoes using Montserrat as a case study …GEOCHEMISTRY, LAVA FLOWS, MAGMA, PETROLOGY, THERMODYNAMICS, VOLCANIC ERUPTION, VOLCANOES, VOLCANOLOGY

EPSRC Project: CONTAIN - The impaCt of hydrOcarbon depletioN on the Treatment of cAprocks within performance assessment for CO2 InjectioN schemesHarrington,Jon FThe UK is committed to meeting stringent carbon dioxide emission targets over the next 35 years. One potentially valuable technology in achieving this target is the development of Carbon Capture and Storage …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

EPSRC Project: DiSECCS - Diagnostic Seismic toolbox for the Efficient Control of CO2 StorageChadwick,Roland AndrewThe year 2011 recorded the highest ever global consumption of energy, estimated at more than 12 billion tonnes of oil equivalent …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

EPSRC Project: Fingerprinting captured CO2 using natural tracers: Determining CO2 fate and proving ownershipStuart Gilfillan Carbon capture and storage (CCS) has emerged as a promising means of lowering CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

EPSRC Project: ORGMEMT - Organic Mixed Matrix Membrane Technologies for Post-Combustion CO2 CaptureAndrew Cooper; Peter Budd;The UK Government has set targets for the reduction of CO2 emissions of 80 % by 2050. Post-combustion capture of CO2 from power plants is key if we are to achieve these targets …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

EPSRC Project: Process Intensification for Post-combustion Carbon Capture using Rotating Packed Bed through Systems Engineering TechniquesMeihong Wang The emission of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere has caused huge concerns around the world, in particular because it is widely believed that the increase in its concentration in the atmosphere is a …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

ESPRC Project: CASSEM - CO2 Aquifer Storage Site Evaluation and MonitoringLawrence,DJD; Haszeldine, Professor R S; Mander, Dr SL; Todd, Professor A;Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is a crucial technology to enable the decarbonisation of fossil fuel electricity generation …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE, ECONOMICS, FOSSIL FUELS

EU Project Report: Choosing good sites for storing CO2 underground Research highlights from the EU FP7 SiteChar Project The objective of the EU SiteChar Project was to facilitate the implementation of CO2 geological storage in Europe by developing a methodology for the assessment of potential storage sites and the preparation …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

EU Project: CO2CARE - CO2 Site Closure Assessment ResearchThe CO2CARE (CO2 Site Closure Assessment REsearch) project focused on site closure and preparation for transfer of liability of a CO2 storage project in order to assist regulatory authorities and stakeholders …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

EU Project: CO2GeoNet - Network of Excellence on CO2 Geological StorageCO2GeoNet is the European scientific authority dealing with all aspects of geological storage of CO2, durably engaged in enabling the safe and efficient deployment of the CO2 Capture and Storage (CCS) …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

EU Project: CO2REMOVE - Monitoring and Verification of CO2 Geological Storage The FP6 project CO2ReMoVe aimed at creating a scientifically based reference for the monitoring and verification of CO2 geological storage …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

EU Project: CO2STORE (On-land long term saline aquifer CO2-storage)The SACS and SACS2 projects ran sequentially from 1998 to 2002, with the aim of developing research into the potential for large-scale storage of CO2 in underground saline aquifer formations …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

EU Project: Joule II - The underground disposal of carbon dioxideHolloway,Samuel; Rochelle,Christopher A;In January 1993, as part of the Joule II Non-nuclear Energy Research Programme, the European Commission initiated a two year study of the potential for the disposal of industrial quantifies of carbon …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

EU Project: NASCENT - Natural Analogues for the Geological Storage of CO2In January 1993, as part of the Joule II Non-nuclear Energy Research Programme, the European Commission initiated a two year study of the potential for the disposal of industrial quantifies of carbon …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

EU Project: RISCS - Research into Impacts and Safety in CO2 StorageThe RISCS (Research into Impacts and Safety in CO2 Storage) project assessed the potential environmental impacts of leakage from geological CO2 storage …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

EU Project: SiteChar - Characterisation of European CO2 storageThe objective of the EU SiteChar Project was to facilitate the implementation of CO2 geological storage in Europe by developing a methodology for the assessment of potential storage sites and the preparation …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

EU Project: Weburn - IEA (International Energy Agency) Weyburn CO2 monitoring and storage projectRiding,James B; Rochelle,Christopher A;The IEA (International Energy Agency) Weyburn Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Monitoring and Storage Project has analysed the effects of a miscible CO2 flood into a carbonate reservoir rock at an onshore Canadian …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

EU Projects: SACS/SACS2 - Saline Aquifer CO2 Storage - An Offshore Demonstrations at the Sleipner FieldThe SACS and SACS2 projects ran sequentially from 1998 to 2002, with the aim of developing research into the potential for large-scale storage of CO2 in underground saline aquifer formations …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

Environmental Factors in the Chronology of Human Evolution and Dispersal (EFCHED)The major objective of the EFCHED programme has been to integrate and strengthen UK research in human evolution …ARCHAEOLOGY, EVOLUTION, PALAEOANTHROPOLOGY, PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY, PALAEOECOLOGY

Establishing the potential of hydropyrolysis to provide reliable molecular fingerprints for biodegraded crude oils and contaminated sediment coresProfessor Colin E Snape to provide reliable molecular fingerprints for biodegraded crude oils and contaminated sediment cores and to facilitate correlation studies The aim is to demonstrate the potential of hydropyrolysis …BIOMARKERS, FLUID FLOW, HYDROCARBONS, RESERVOIR CHARACTERISTICS

Evaluation of Regional Slope Stability of the European Continental MarginBrowne,Michael A E; Dr Lindsay Parson;There is a great deal of uncertainty as to the levels of stability of slope components of the European margin, other than localised detailed surveys completed using a combination of side-scan sonar and …SEDIMENT TRANSPORT, SEDIMENTARY HISTORY, SLOPE DEVELOPMENT, SLOPE STABILITY

Evaluation of the potential palaeoclimate record within Pakistan loessLoess deposits in Pakistan are found intercalated with pink silts and torrent gravels. These provide a stratigraphical record of environmental change in a region of Asia, south of the Himalayas, where …CLIMATE CHANGE, CLIMATOLOGY, PALAEOENVIRONMENT, QUATERNARY

Evolutionary lessons from the extinct giant American cats: phylogeography, palaeoecology, and extinction of sabertooths, cheetahs and lionsShapiro, Dr BAncient DNA will be used to reconstruct the evolutionary and paleoecological relationships of the top predators of the late Pleistocene: the giant felids (sabertooths, lion, cheetah, jaguar, puma) …CLIMATE CHANGE, EVOLUTION, PALAEOENVIRONMENT, POPULATION, QUATERNARY

Fault Seal Processes and Trap Development in Deep Marine ReservoirsProfessor Robert J KnipeThe project is a multidisciplinary programme aimed at understanding faulting processes in deep-marine environments and evaluating the key relationships between fluid flow and hydrocarbon entrapment …FAULTS, FLOW PROFILE, FLUID FLOW, HYDROCARBONS, RESERVOIR CHARACTERISTICS

Fieldslips of R J RiceFieldslips (10K) of R J Rice - detailed mapping of the quaternary. Deposits of sheets 155, 156, 169, 170 (parts), mainly Leicester areaFIELD GEOLOGY

Fully Determined Fluid Velocity Fields for Complex 2D Media with Multi-Scaled HeterogeneityMcCloskey, Professor JThis project will use the techniques of stereolithography and PIV directly to measure the fluid velocity field in complex, 2D, geologically realistic media with multi-scaled heterogeneities …FLUID DYNAMICS, FLUID FLOW, FLUID MECHANICS

Geometry and Dynamics of Large Ice Caps in the Canadian High ArcticDowdeswell, Professor J AThis proposal addresses the geometry and flow dynamics of three large ice caps in the Canadian arctic islands, with implications for glacier mass balance and the rate of sea-level change in a warming …CLIMATE CHANGE, GLACIAL ACTION, LAND ICE

Geometry and Kinematics of continental breakup in the youthful Aden riftEbinger, Professor JOne of the primary processes shaping Earth's surface is the stretching and eventual break-up of continents to create new ocean basins …EARTH CORE, EARTH MANTLE, EARTH SURFACE, NATURAL HAZARDS, NATURAL RESOURCES, TECTONICS

Geophysical Methodologies for the Characterisation of Gas Hydrate Core (HYDRAGAS)Professor Michael A LovellThrough manufacturing and geophysically characterising the properties and distribution of a range of synthetic gas hydrate morphologies in a range of sediments in the laboratory, protocols will be established …FLUID FLOW, GAS HYDRATES, SEISMIC WAVES, SLOPE STABILITY

Geophysical investigations of Caledonian granites within a regional classificationLocke, Corrine AThe Caledonides are recognised as the remnants of the destruction of a major ocean that finally sutured along the Soloway-Shannon line at about 450Ma.GEOPHYSICS, REGIONAL GEOPHYSICS

Gravity Anomalies and the Segmentation of Passive Continental Margins: Implications for Lithosphere Rheology and Basin EvolutionProfessor Anthony B WattsRecent discoveries that passive margins have an along-strike gravity 'segmentation' have important implications for their structure and evolution …CRUSTAL SHORTENING, DEEP FOCUS EARTHQUAKES, RIFT BASINS, SEISMIC PROFILES

High-precision isotopic constraints on the timescale of orogenic metamorphic and magmatic processesHarris, Professor N BThis proposal aims at obtaining high-precision isotopic analyses on igneous and metamorphic phases at a length scale and precision necessary to resolve the timescales on which metamorphic and magmatic …TECTONICS

Himalayan Erosion RatesVance, Dr DTo evaluate the use of cosmogenic isotope concentrations in minerals separated from river sediment (10be, 26al and 14c in quartz and 3he in garnet) as monitors of erosion rates in the Himalayas …EROSION, GLACIATION, SEDIMENTATION, SEDIMENTS

Holocene palaeoceanography of shelf seas: long-term seasonal stratification dynamicsScourse, Professor JSeasonal stratification is a widespread phenomenon of shelf seas which influences climate both regionally and through land sea heat exchange and globally through impacts on marine bioproduction and therefore …CLIMATE CHANGE, OCEANIC CIRCULATION, PALAEOENVIRONMENT, QUATERNARY

How Does Stratification Change Gravity Current Behaviour and Deposit GeometryDr Peter J Talling; Dr. Jeffrey Peakall; Dr Charlotte Gladstone;Submarine gravity currents are the primary mechanism for transferring sediment from the ocean margins to the deep-ocean floor …FLOW CONTROL, FLOW PROFILE, GRAVITY GRADIENT, RESERVOIR CHARACTERISTICS, SEDIMENTARY HISTORY

How does the Earth's crust grow at divergent plate boundaries? A unique opportunity in Afar, EthiopiaWright, Tim JThe African continent is slowly splitting apart along the East African rift valley, a 3000 km-long series of deep basins and flanking mountain ranges …NATURAL HAZARDS, TECTONICS, VOLCANISM

How does the Earth's crust grow at divergent plate boundaries? A unique opportunity in Afar, Ethiopia. [ANALOGUE MODELLING SUB REPORT]The African continent is slowly splitting apart along the East African rift valley, a 3000 km-long series of deep basins and flanking mountain ranges …NATURAL HAZARDS, TECTONICS, VOLCANISM

How does the Earth's crust grow at divergent plate boundaries? A unique opportunity in Afar, Ethiopia. [GEODESY SUB REPORT]The African continent is slowly splitting apart along the East African rift valley, a 3000 km-long series of deep basins and flanking mountain ranges …NATURAL HAZARDS, TECTONICS, VOLCANISM

How does the Earth's crust grow at divergent plate boundaries? A unique opportunity in Afar, Ethiopia. [Gravity Sub Report]The African continent is slowly splitting apart along the East African rift valley, a 3000 km-long series of deep basins and flanking mountain ranges …NATURAL HAZARDS, TECTONICS, VOLCANISM

How does the Earth's crust grow at divergent plate boundaries? A unique opportunity in Afar, Ethiopia. [MAGNETOTELLURICS SUB REPORT]Wright, Tim JThe African continent is slowly splitting apart along the East African rift valley, a 3000 km-long series of deep basins and flanking mountain ranges …NATURAL HAZARDS, TECTONICS, VOLCANISM

How does the Earth's crust grow at divergent plate boundaries? A unique opportunity in Afar, Ethiopia. [MAPPING SUB REPORT]The African continent is slowly splitting apart along the East African rift valley, a 3000 km-long series of deep basins and flanking mountain ranges …NATURAL HAZARDS, TECTONICS, VOLCANISM

How does the Earth's crust grow at divergent plate boundaries? A unique opportunity in Afar, Ethiopia. [Numerical Modelling SUB REPORT]The African continent is slowly splitting apart along the East African rift valley, a 3000 km-long series of deep basins and flanking mountain ranges …NATURAL HAZARDS, TECTONICS, VOLCANISM

How does the Earth's crust grow at divergent plate boundaries? A unique opportunity in Afar, Ethiopia. [SEISMOLOGY SUB REPORT] (University of Leeds)Wright, Tim JThe African continent is slowly splitting apart along the East African rift valley, a 3000 km-long series of deep basins and flanking mountain ranges …NATURAL HAZARDS, TECTONICS, VOLCANISM

How does the Earth's crust grow at divergent plate boundaries? A unique opportunity in Afar, Ethiopia. [STRUCTURAL SUB REPORT]The African continent is slowly splitting apart along the East African rift valley, a 3000 km-long series of deep basins and flanking mountain ranges …NATURAL HAZARDS, TECTONICS, VOLCANISM

How does the Earth's crust grow at divergent plate bundaries? A unique opportunity in Afar, Ethiopia. [REMOTE SENSING SUB REPORT]The African continent is slowly splitting apart along the East African rift valley, a 3000 km-long series of deep basins and flanking mountain ranges …NATURAL HAZARDS, TECTONICS, VOLCANISM

How does the Earth’s crust grow at divergent plate boundaries? A unique opportunity in Afar Ethiopia. [PETROLOGY SUB REPORT]The African continent is slowly splitting apart along the East African rift valley, a 3000 km-long series of deep basins and flanking mountain ranges …NATURAL HAZARDS, VOLCANISM

Identification of lipid biomarker skeletons as potential "chemical fossils" of micro-organismsLove, Dr G DBiomarkers are organic molecules found in the natural environment whose stable carbon skeletons have been well preserved …TAXONOMY

Impacts of Vehicle Emissions on VegetationDavison, Professor A WThis proposal builds on an earlier feasibility study which successfully developed a model system for exposing plants to realistic measures of urban pollutants …POLLUTION

Integrated Seismic and Subsidence Analysis of Conjugate Margin Systems in the Eastern Black SeaMinshull, Professor TWe propose to test depth-dependent stretching models of highly extended lithosphere at rifted margins by determining stretching factors and strain rates using a combination of seismic imaging and state-of-the-art …SEISMOLOGY, SUBSIDENCE, TECTONICS, THERMAL ANALYSIS

Integrated assessment and modelling of soil contaminant behaviour, transport and impact at remediable urban sitesFarmer, Professor J GIn process-controlled remediation of contaminated land the prospects for lasting success of a particular technique are often governed by the physicochemical properties and composition of the soil environment. …ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE, POLLUTION, PUBLIC HEALTH, SOILS, WATER QUALITY

Interrogation of Hot and Cold Margins by Three-Dimensional Inverse ModellingDr Nicholas J WhiteOver the past ten years, considerable amounts of regional 3D-seismic reflection data have been acquired across continental margins …DEEP FOCUS EARTHQUAKES, GEOTHERMAL HEAT FLOW

Investigating physical processes at ice-stream beds: integrating modern and palaeo-ice stream recordsO'Cofaigh, Professor CIce streams are responsible for most of the drainage from modern ice sheets and they exerted a similar influence on past ice sheets …GLACIAL DRAINAGE, QUATERNARY, SEDIMENTATION

Localized Flow in Fractured Rock Masses: Mechanisms, Modelling and CharacterizationBarker, Dr A JCoupled (mechanical-hydraulic) numerical models based on the distinct element method will be used to investigate the behaviour of fluid flow in fractured rock-masses under stress …BOREHOLES, FLUID DYNAMICS, FLUID FLOW, FLUID MECHANICS

Location of Gypsum Dissolution Cavities by Seismic Reflection SurveyingGoulty, Professor N RIn the north of England, the dissolution of gypsum by groundwater is responsible for many subsidence features where gypsum beds lie within 100m of the ground surface …ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE, HYDROLOGY, NATURAL HAZARDS

Long-Term Mobility of Gravel in Rivers: Remapping the Allt Dubhaig Tracer PebblesFerguson, Professor R IThe long term mobility of different sized pebbles under different hydraulic conditions will be investigated by re-mapping 1220 magnetically tagged pebbles which have been dispersing since 1991 from 6 …ABRASION, FRESHWATER, PEBBLES

Magma Reservoir-Conduit Dynamics as Revealed by a Borehole Geophysical Observatory SystemSparks, Professor R S JThis is an international (UK/USA) project to develop a Borehole Geophysical Observatory at the Soufriere Hills volcano, Montserrat …ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT, NATURAL HAZARDS, SEISMICITY, VOLCANOLOGY

Mapping and Modelling Heterogenous Stretching and Volcanism on the NW European Atlantic MarginProfessor Robert S White; Professor Nicholas J Kuznir;The project will develop a new rifted-margin model from quantitative models of mantle flow, melt generation and transport, previously applied to oceanic ridges, incorporating continental rheology as an …CONTINENTAL MARGIN, DEEP FOCUS EARTHQUAKES, MANTLE PLUMES, SEISMIC PROFILES

Mass transfer during the conversion of Banded Iron Formation to Iron OreWilkinson, Dr J JThe aim of this CONNECT B project is to develop a quantitative model for the enrichment of Banded Iron Formation to iron ore based on the Simandou deposit, a giant new iron ore system currently being …CHEMISTRY, EARTH SURFACE, NATURAL RESOURCES

Miscellaneous records of research and enquiries supplied to academics1 box of miscellaneous records supplied to academics during 1990sGENERAL GEOLOGY

Modelling Porosity Development and Flow in Heterogeneous MediaBloomfield,John PThe aim of the proposed project is to study evolution in the spatial characteristic of coupled flow and porosity development in heterogeneous porous media …FLUID DYNAMICS, FLUID FLOW, FLUID MECHANICS

Mudstone Microstructure Evolution During Burial and Diagenesis and Effect on Caprock Sealing CapacityWorden, Professor RMudstone microstructure is poorly understood even though it has a profound impact upon permeability. Mudstone permeability is critical in defining the rate at which oil and gas leak through oil and gas …FLUID DYNAMICS, FLUID FLOW, FLUID MECHANICS, GROUND WATER, HYDROCARBONS

Multi-Scale Fluid-Flow Path Analysis: Calibration and Modelling Using Mineralisation SystemsBarnicoat, Dr A CThis project will integrate micro- and meso-scale structural and geochemical data from the Irish midlands in order to understand the fluid flow and fluid mixing responsible for the development of world-class …FLUID DYNAMICS, FLUID FLOW, FLUID MECHANICS

NERC Project: QICS - Quantifying and monitoring environmental impacts of geological carbon storage (2010 - 2014)Jerry BlackfordQICS (Quantifying and monitoring environmental impacts of geological carbon storage) was a program funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), with support from the Scottish Government …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT, MONITORING, STORAGE

New micro-geochemical traces of fluid and solute transport in sedimentary basinsHaszeldine, Professor R SSandstones in hydrocarbon basins are usually cemented by quartz: this frequently infills porosity by 50%, and so dramatically reduces reservoir quality …FLUID DYNAMICS, FLUID FLOW, FLUID MECHANICS, HYDROCARBONS

Non-linear dynamics of volcanic systemsSparks, Professor R S JThis project will investigate the dynamical consequences of strongly non-linear and coupled property changes that occur when magmas erupt from an open-system magma chamber …EARTH CORE, EARTH SURFACE, HYDROGEOLOGY, MAGMA CHAMBER, VOLCANIC ACTIVITY

Novel Flow and Transport Models for Systems Exhibiting Non-Integer Flow DimensionsBarker, Professor J AModelling of flow and transport in fractured rock is severely restricted due to the need to represent fractures over a wide range of scales, which demands unrealistically large computer resources …FLUID DYNAMICS, FLUID FLOW, FLUID MECHANICS, HYDROGEOLOGY

Nyk High 3D Seismic SurveyNyk High 3D marine seismic survey held at DurhamSEISMIC DATA

Optimizing Road Development for Groundwater Recharge and RetentionFrank van SteenbergenNeeds InformationGROUND WATER, GROUND WATER RECHARGE, WATER, WATER MANAGEMENT

Origin of the Avian Respiratory System: A CT-Study of Postcranial Pneumaticity in Basal ArchosaursBarrett, Dr P MThe incredible success of living birds (>9000 species) results, in part, from their unique respiratory system, which underpins the key evolutionary innovations of high metabolism and flight …EVOLUTION

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) Concentrations In A Certified Reference MaterialPurpose: to determine the accuracy of PAH concentration determination using four different extraction methods (Soxhlet, Soxtherm, Sonication and Accelerated Solvent Extraction) and using GC-MS as the …AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS, CHEMISTRY

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) Concentrations In A Contaminated Soil (Bg Clr 17)Purpose: to determine the concentration of 16 PAHs in a contaminated soil and to compare four different extraction methods (Soxhlet, Soxtherm, Sonication and Accelerated Solvent Extraction) What: the …AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS, CHEMISTRY

Quantifying Fault Zone Evolution and Basement Reactivation in Passive MarginsDr Robert E HoldsworthUsing examples from the NE Atlantic passive margin, accurate 3D digital maps of reactivated and non-reactivated basin-involved structures onshore will be constructed using new GPS and Laser Ranger equipment. …ACTIVATION, BASEMENT, DEEP FOCUS EARTHQUAKES

Quantifying the Effects of Biofilm Growth on Hydraulic Properties and on Sorption Equilibria: M2M MeasurementsVaughan, Professor D JThe influence of biofilm growth on the hydraulic properties of sediments and rocks will be investigated experimentally over scales from microscopic (10-10m) to macroscopic (102m) …FLUID DYNAMICS, FLUID FLOW, FLUID MECHANICS

Quantifying the Scaling of Physical Transport in Structures Heterogeneous Porous MediaMackay, Professor RThe project will develop and explore the application of scaling methods to strongly heterogeneous flow fields; investigate the loss and retention of information by scaling over large space and long time …FLUID DYNAMICS, FLUID FLOW, FLUID MECHANICS

Re-inventing the planet: the Neoproterozoic revolution in oxygenation, biogeochemistry and biological complexityThe Earth is a truly remarkable planet. In addition to the physical processes driving plate tectonics, climate and ocean-atmospheric exchange, it supports an extraordinary diversity of living organisms, …

Reef associations in the lower subdivision of the Lower Magnesian Limestone of Yorkshire - NottinghamshireStabler, C LA field study was made of the north-south belt of Permian outcrop between Knaresborough and Nottingham.REEFS, REGIONAL GEOLOGY

Rheology of three-phase suspensionsJ M TrubyThe data consists of a spreadsheet containing rheology data for 39 samples of syrup, containing air bubbles and/or spherical glass particles …MAGMA, RHEOLOGY

Scaling Properties of Fluid Flow in Fractured RocksMeredith, Professor P GThis proposal is to test the hypothesis that secondary (crack) porosity can be treated as a scaling problem in both fracture and fluid percolation theory …FLUID DYNAMICS, FLUID FLOW, FLUID MECHANICS

Scaling of Fluid Behaviour Associated with Flow Through Complex Geological StructuresKnipe, Professor R JThis project is designed to integrate geological structural characterisation of fault zones with numerical modelling of flow behaviour at different scales …FLUID DYNAMICS, FLUID FLOW, FLUID MECHANICS

Seismo-Volcanic Crisis in Afar: The 2005 Boina-Erta 'Ale Rupture-Eruption SequenceEbinger, Professor JSince 20 September, 2005, an ~120 km-long segment of the Red Sea rift system in Ethiopia has been rocked by 31 earthquakes detected on seismometers worldwide …EARTH SURFACE, NATURAL HAZARDS, SEISMOLOGY, TECTONICS, VOLCANOLOGY

Sequencing Ocean-Ice-Climate Interaction in the North East AtlanticScourse, Professor JAbrupt shifts in North Atlantic palaeoceanographic and ice-rafted detrital (IRD) records indicate a strong link between the meridional heat flux driven by thermohaline circulation (THC) and glacimarine …GLACIAL GEOLOGY, OCEANIC CIRCULATION

Settling Behaviour of Sand Through a Non-Newtonian Colloidal Mud Suspension: Implications for Turbidity Current Motion and Turbidite DepositionDr Peter J TallingDeposition in many Ocean Margin settings involves settling of non-cohesive grains ('sand') through a non-Newtonian suspension of colloidal ('mud') particles …COLLOIDS, FLOW CONTROL, FLOW PROFILE, GRAVITY GRADIENT, RESERVOIR CHARACTERISTICS, SEDIMENTARY HISTORY, TURBIDITE, TURBIDITY CURRENTS

Slope Stability on Europe's Passive Continental MarginsDowdeswell, Professor J AThe few geophysical data so far obtained from the northern margin of the glacier-influenced Yermak Plateau, north of Svalbard, indicate that a very large slope failure has taken place …GLACIERS, LAND ICE, SLOPE STABILITY

Stable Carbon Isotopic Signature Of Pahs (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon) : Effect Of Clean-UpPurpose: to evaluate two extraction methods (Soxhlet, Accelerated Solvent Extraction (ASE) and two clean-up procedures (silica/DCM, alumina/(i)hexane/(ii)toluene) used for the isolation of PAHs (Polycyclic …AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS, CARBON ISOTOPES, CHEMISTRY

Stable Carbon Isotopic Signature Of Pahs (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon) In A Contaminated SoilPurpose: to determine the stable carbon isotopic signature of each of 16 PAHs extracted from a contaminated soil by four different extraction methods (Soxhlet, Soxtherm, Sonication and Accelerated Solvent …AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS, CHEMISTRY, CONTAMINATION, SOIL CHEMISTRY, STABLE ISOTOPES

Structural Architecture of a Youthful Magmatic Margin: Reconstructing the Southern Red SeaDr Cynthia EbingerThe margins of the youthful Red Sea make an ideal laboratory to study break-up above a mantle plume. The investigators will use their strong tectonic framework, as well as commercial seismic data, to …MANTLE PLUMES, TECTONICS

Study of Archaean prokaryotic mat ecology, Belingwe Belt, ZimbabweNisbet, Professor E GThis proposal is to study archaean ecology, and in particular the early nitrogen cycle, by using new high resolution laser stable isotope techniques and REE geochemistry to investigate the geochemical …BIOGEOCHEMISTRY, POLLUTION, VOLCANOLOGY

Sulphides - Economically important geochemical messengers from the mantleDr Ekaterina KiseevaThe project is aimed at understanding how a number of economically and geologically important chemical elements partition themselves between the silicates of the outer parts of the Earth and sulphides, …CHEMISTRY, GEOCHEMISTRY, SULPHIDES, VOLCANIC ROCKS

Testing a New Model for Initiation of Subduction in the Western Pacific: 3He/4He Analysis of Middle Eocene BoninitesMacpherson, Dr C GThis proposal seeks to test the hypothesis that a mantle hotspot was responsible for generating boninite magmas in the Izu - Bonin - Mariana (IBM) arc during the middle Eocene …EARTH CORE, EARTH MANTLE, NATURAL RESOURCES, TECTONICS, VOLCANOLOGY

The Dalradian 'Snowball Earth' - Use of Stable Isotopes to Correlate Glacial Events and Neoproterozoic Stratigraphy of Scotland and IrelandLowry, Dr DThe 'snowball Earth' theory has been the subject of widespread media attention, particularly its lively defence by key proponent, Prof …CLIMATE CHANGE, EARTH SURFACE, PALAEOENVIRONMENT, SEDIMENTARY GEOLOGY

The Eocene-Oligocene Biotic Turnover in the North Atlantic and Associated Palaeoclimatic ChangeKaminski, M AWe propose a detailed study of the biotic record (foraminifera and calcareous nannofossils) of the Eocene/Oligocene transition in ODP Hole 647 in the Labrador Sea …OCEANIC CIRCULATION

The Glacial Deposits at Upper Sundon BedfordshirePrudden, HughThese notes are based on a photographic record, made between 1950 and 1977, of the glacial deposits exposed in the workings of the Sundon Cement and Lime Works in south Bedfordshire …CHALK, GEOLOGY, GLACIAL TILL

The Scaling Behaviour of Fluid Flow in Rock FracturesHurst, Professor AFluid flow through natural fractures depends upon the scaling behaviour of their fractually rough surfaces …FLUID DYNAMICS, FLUID FLOW, FLUID MECHANICS, MATHEMATICAL MODELS

The long term denudation chronology of the East Greenland margin (north of 72o N) : the role of the margin as an analogue for exploration beyond the North SeaGallagher, Dr KOn plate reconstructions, the east Greenland margin lies adjacent to a little explored yet potentially major oil province in the north Atlantic …EARTH SURFACE, TECTONICS

The neogene elevation history of south tibetHarris, Professor N BThe proposed multi-disciplinary geotraverse will constrain the elevation history of the southern Tibetan plateau during the neogene by combining physiognomic analysis of well-preserved log and leaf fauna …CLIMATE CHANGE, CLIMATOLOGY, EARTH SURFACE, PALAEOENVIRONMENT, TECTONICS

The structure of linear dunes: a GPR survey in the Namib sand seaBristow, Dr C SThe aims of this study are to image the internal structure of linear dunes, to resolve sedimentary structures in 3-D, and test models of linear dune structure and formation addressing outstanding problems …GEOMORPHOLOGY, SEDIMENTARY GEOLOGY

The use of angiosperm wood anatomy for palaeoclimatic analysis: a new technique for determining cretaceous and tertiary climates of GondwanaFrancis, Professor JThe analysis of morphological characters of dicotyledonous angiosperm wood will be developed as a novel tool for palaeoclimatic interpretation …CLIMATE CHANGE, PALAEOENVIRONMENT, TAXONOMY

The use of computational chemistry to investigate the behaviour of PAHS in sedimentsCollins, Professor M JPAH`s are recalcitrant, carcinogenic pollutants whose complex adsorption behaviour hampers both accurate quantification and strategies for bioremediation …NATURAL HAZARDS, POLLUTION, SOILS

Thermal Structure and Magmatism at Rifted Continental MarginsProfessor Robert S WhiteThe project will develop forward modelling techniques for predicting the uplift and subsidence history and the volume and compostion of igneous melts generated beneath rifted continental margins …CONTINENTAL MARGIN, DEEP FOCUS EARTHQUAKES, MANTLE PLUMES, SEISMIC PROFILES

Timing and Consequences of Hot Fluid Migration, UK Atlantic Margin HOTFLODr John ParnellRecent data show that Tertiary basins on the UK Atlantic Margin have experienced migration of anomalously hot fluids (up to 200 C) …FLOW PROFILE, FLUID FLOW, FLUID INCLUSIONS, HYDROCARBONS, KEROSENE

Timing and Rates of Ice Sheet Thinning in the Ellsworth Mountains, Weddell Sea Embayment: Constraints on West Antarctic Ice Sheet DynamicsBentley, Dr M JThe overall aim is to establish the timing and rate of thinning of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) from its maximum extent in an area inland of the Weddell Sea embayment …CLIMATE CHANGE, GLACIAL EROSION, GLACIERS, NATURAL HAZARDS, QUATERNARY

Tracer Breakthrough, Hydraulic Properties and Fracture Networks at Sub-Continuum Scales in AquifersAtkinson, Professor TAt sub-continuum scales, pore network geometry strongly influences flow and solute transport. Fractures spaced ~0 …FLUID DYNAMICS, FLUID FLOW, FLUID MECHANICS, THREE DIMENSIONAL MODELS, TWO DIMENSIONAL MODELS

UK Miscellaneous: Paper: The potential for aquifer disposal of carbon dioxide in the UK 1993 (early CO2 storage paper)Holloway,SamuelThis is one of the early papers on CO2 storage. Natural analogues indicate that it is possible to dispose of CO2 underground in closed structures on deep aquifers …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UK Miscellaneous: Report: A preliminary feasibility study for the underground disposal of carbon dioxide in UK 1991 (THE first UK CO2 storage publication)Holloway,SamuelThis is THE first CO2 storage publication produced in the UK. The Association of the Coal Producers of the European Community are agreed that immediate action is required to reduce the build up of greenhouse …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 1 Project: 3D mapping of large-scale subsurface flow pathways using nanoseismic monitoringStella Pytharouli The project will three-dimensionally image hydraulically conductive features in the reservoir, caprock and overburden of an active CO2 injection site: the Aquistore site, Canada …

UKCCSRC Call 1 Project: BIO-CAP-UK - Air/Oxy Biomass Combustion with CO2 Capture TechnologyMohamed PourkashanianTo accelerate progress towards achieving operational excellence for flexible, efficient and environmentally sustainable Bio-CCS thermal power plants by developing and assessing fundamental knowledge, …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 1 Project: Chemical looping for low-cost oxygen production and other applicationsPaul FennellWhile chemical looping (combustion, CLC) is a promising technology for carbon capture, however many questions still remain as to its applicability at an industrial scale …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 1 Project: Determination of water solubility limits in CO2 mixtures to deliver water specification levels for CO2 transportationMike GeorgeThis project will determine the dew point of water, or "water solubility", in impure CO2 mixtures (e …

UKCCSRC Call 1 Project: Experimental investigation and CFD modelling of oxy-coal combustion on PACT facility with real flue gas and vent gas recyclingHao Liu The project will investigate the impacts of real flue gas and vent gas recycling on the combustion performance, emissions, ignition and flame stability of oxy-coal combustion by means of 250kW PACT facility …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 1 Project: Fault seal controls on storage capacityWilliams,John David OwenFault risk remains a key parameter in evaluating the potential for trapping CO2 in the subsurface, yet very little is known about the conditions under which CO2 and CO2/hydrocarbon mixtures are retained …

UKCCSRC Call 1 Project: FleCCSnet - Flexible CCS Network DevelopmentJulia RaceThis project will produce and disseminate the first design and operating guidelines for the flexible operation of CCS pipeline networks …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 1 Project: GlaciStore - CO2 storage in Palaeogene and Neogene hydrogeological systems of the North SeaAkhurst,Maxine CWe aim to de-risk the development of the major potential CO2 storage reservoirs in the UK sector of the Northern and Central North Sea by developing our understanding of the geometry and properties of …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 1 Project: Mixed matrix membranes preparation for post-combustion captureMaria-ChiaraFerrariMembrane processes are a promising alternative to the more classical post-combustion capture technologies due to the reduced maintenance of the process, the absence of dangerous solvents and their smaller …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 1 Project: Multiphase flow modelling for risk assessment of dense phase CO2 pipelines containing impuritiesProf Haroun MahgereftehThis project will develop and experimentally validate a heterogeneous flow model for predicting the transient depressurisation and outflow following the puncture of dense phase CO2 pipelines containing …

UKCCSRC Call 1 Project: Oxyfuel and exhaust gas recirculation processes in gas turbine combustion for improved carbon capture performanceRichard MarshConventional power generation in the UK faces a significant challenge in the face of decarbonising and maintaining a reliable, secure and cost effective electricity supply …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 1 Project: QICS2 Scoping Project - Exploring the viability and scientific opportunities of a follow-on marine impact projectMark NaylorA key element of risk assessment for the geological storage of CO2 offshore is the monitoring of transport of leaks from the subsurface via shallow sediments in the marine environment, including its effect …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 1 Project: Tractable equations of state for CO2 mixtures in CCS: algorithms for automated generation and optimisation, tailored to end-usersRichard GrahamThis project will tackle one of the key technical challenges facing the development of commercially viable CO2 transport networks: modelling the phase behaviour of impure carbon dioxide, under the conditions …

UKCCSRC Call 2 Project: Advanced Sorbents for CCS via Controlled SinteringPaul FennellThe project is mainly experimental in nature. Sieved samples of a variety of UK, Canadian and Spanish limestones will be pre-calcined and sintered at elevated temperatures to differing extents under various …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 2 Project: CO2 Flow Metering through Multi-Modal Sensing and Statistical Data FusionYong YanMeasurement and monitoring of CO2 flows across the entire CCS chain are essential to ensure accurate accounting of captured CO2 and help prevent leaking during transportation to and from storage sites. …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 2 Project: Investigating the radiative heat flux in small and large scale oxy-coal furnaces for CFD model development and system scale upLin MaOxy-fuel combustion has been recognised as one of the very competitive technologies for CO2 capture in the power generation sector …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 2 Project: Measurement of water solubility limits of CO2 mixtures to underpin the safe pipeline transportation of CO2Mike GeorgeThis Proposal focuses on the determination of the dew point of water (H2O), or “water solubility”, in impure CO2 mixtures (e …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 2 Project: Multiscale characterisation of CO2 storage in the United KingdomSam KrevorThis is a partnership between Imperial College London and the British Geological Survey in which we combine our expertise in pore scale digital rock physics (DRP), reservoir condition Special Core Analysis …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 2 Project: Novel Materials and Reforming Processing Route for the Production of Ready-Separated CO2/N2/H2 from Natural Gas FeedstocksValerie DupontThe world's population is predicted to grow from the current 7 billions to a plateau of approximately 9 …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 2 Project: Novel reductive rejuvenation approaches for degraded amine solutions from PCC in power plantsChenggong SunAqueous amine scrubbing was originally developed for natural gas treatment and is currently considered to be the current best available technology for post-combustion capture (PCC) of CO2 from both pulverised …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 2 Project: Performance of Flow Meters with Dense Phase CO2 and CCS Recovery StreamsMercedes Maroto-ValerCarbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies are critical for the UK to achieve its an ambitious target to reduce CO2 emissions by 80% by 2050 …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 2 Project: Process-performance indexed design of task-specific ionic liquids for post-combustion CO2 captureJason Hallett Increased population and increased economic activity have one important thing in common: increased energy demand …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 2 Project: Quantifying Residual and Dissolution Trapping in the CO2CRC Otway Injection SiteStuart Gilfillan Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a promising means of directly lowering CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 2 Project: S-CAPE - Shelter and Escape in the Event of a Release of CO2 from CCS InfrastructureJulia RaceThe aim of this project is to develop validated and computationally efficient shelter and escape models describing the consequences of a carbon dioxide (CO2) release from Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 2 Project: The Development and Demonstration of Best Practice Guidelines for the Safe Start-up Injection of CO2 into Depleted Gas FieldsProf Haroun MahgereftehThe aim of this proposal is to develop and validate a multi-phase flow model for simulating the highly transient flow phenomena taking place in the well-bore during start-up injection of CO2 mixtures …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 2 Project: Towards more flexible power generation with CCS: pilot plant test campaigns for best practice guidelines for post-combustion captureMathieu LucquiaudThis project aims to build on and strengthen joint industry research programmes between Edinburgh, Doosan Power Systems in the UK and Sulzer ChemTech, a world leading manufacturer of separation processes …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

UKCCSRC Call 2 Project: UK demonstration of Enhanced Calcium looping, and first Global Demonstration of Advanced Doping TechniquesEdward AnthonyThis project contributes significantly to the de-risking of a technology which has a significantly lower efficiency penalty than post-combustion capture using MEA scrubbing …CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE

Uranium mineralisation at Tremayne Farm near St Columb Major, Cornwall. Camborne School of Mines MSc Mining Geology Dissertation - Will BrownscombeOverview of the Tremayne radiometric anomaly in CornwallMINERALOGY, ORE MINERALOGY

Using Heavy Metal Isotopes to Trace Pollutants in the Environment: New Promises from Pb, Cu and Zn Analysis in Peat BogsWeiss, Dr D JWe propose to exploit the potential of Cu and Zn isotope variations for source tracing in pollution studies …POLLUTION

Using cosmogenic isotopes to estimate rates of fault growthJackson, Dr J ATo examine how fault growth, earthquake recurrence and climate change combine to create the active geomorphology in central Otago (New Zealand) …NATURAL HAZARDS, TECTONICS

Using tooth wear to impose ecological constraints on isotopic and biostratigraphic analyses based on conodontsPurnell, Dr MThis study will test the hypothesis that wear patterns on fossil conodont teeth differ according to whether species lived on the sea floor or above it …CLIMATE CHANGE, PALAEOENVIRONMENT

Variability in the El Nino-Southern Oscillation Through a Glacial-Interglacial CycleTudhope, Professor A WThe El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is the most potent source of interannual climate variability …EUSTACY, GEOLOGY, GLACIAL CYCLE, GLACIAL GEOLOGY, GLACIATION

West of Shetland 2D Seismic SurveyPorcupine Basin 3D marine seismic survey held at DurhamMARINE SEISMIC SURVEYS, SEISMIC PROFILES