Geology and Regional Geophysics

Drilling a borehole log in the Isle of Wight.

We carry out multidisciplinary survey and research into British geology, producing 2D and 3D geological maps and models.

Our geological surveys use the BGS·SIGMA workflow, and together with outputs from our research and data holdings, this underpins the geological products and services that we provide.

We provide information, expertise and advice about all aspects of geology for various customers and users.

Our impartial research informs other major stakeholders such as the groundwater industry, environmental organisations, the minerals industry, land-use planners, and the public.

UK geology

London Thames England

A wide variety of geoscience projects and research across the whole of England to help us further understand our environment and plan for future change.

Giant's causewayNorthern Ireland

Environment and hazards, Energy and minerals, Information delivery, Geology and landscape...

Glasgow bridgeScotland

We provide high-quality geoscience solutions in 2D and 3D for Scotland's many environmental and social challenges.


We contribute to the advancement of high quality geoscience, linking research to today's environmental and social challenges.

GB3D logoNational Geological Model

An accurate, multi-scalar, geospatial model of the subsurface arrangement of the rocks and sediments of the UK.

NI regional geologyRegional geology

BGS have produced overviews of the regional geology for England, Wales and Northern Ireland.

Current activities and research

3D geological model of Great Britain.

We are involved in a broad spectrum of research activities, often collaborating with other areas of BGS research, including:

We provide geological expertise for co-funded and commissioned projects such as:


Science Director, Geology and Regional Geophysics: Andy Howard