The BGS Lexicon of Named Rock Units — Result Details

Whitehaven Sandstone Formation

Computer Code: WS Preferred Map Code: WS
Status Code: Pending Upgrade
Age range: Bolsovian Substage (CC) — Asturian Substage (CAS)
Lithological Description: Red to purple-brown, cross-bedded sandstones with vari-coloured mudstone and siltstone. Thin coal seams, marls and limestone bed with spirorbis sp. present locally.
Definition of Lower Boundary: Unconformable, base of lowest major reddened channel sandstone unit above unreddened Middle Coal Measures.
Definition of Upper Boundary: Basal Permian unconformity.
Thickness: 300m minimum
Geographical Limits: West Cumbria Coalfield.
Parent Unit: Warwickshire Group (WAWK)
Previous Name(s): Whitehaven Sandstone (-2654)
Whitehaven Sandstone Series (-3770)
Alternative Name(s): none recorded or not applicable
Stratotypes:
Partial Type Section  Whitehaven harbour cliff sections. 
Partial Type Section  Frizington Hall borehole, NY01NW/174 from 12.8m to T.D. 
Reference(s):
Akhurst, M C, Chadwick, R A, Holliday, D W, McCormac, M, McMillan, A A, Millward, D, Young, B, Ambrose, K, Auton, C A, Barclay, W J, Barnes, R P, Beddoe-Stephens, B, James, J C W, Johnson, H, Jones, N S, Glover, B W, Hawkins, M P, Kimbell, G S, MacPherson, K A T, Merritt, J W, Milodowski, A E, Riley, N J, Robins, N S, Stone, P and Wingfield, R T R. 1997. The geology of the west Cumbria district. Memoir of the British Geological Survey, Sheets 28, 37 and 47 (England and Wales). 138pp. 
Eastwood T, and others. 1968. Geology of the country around Whitehaven. Memoir of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, Sheet 28 (England and Wales). 
Jones, N S. 1993. Stratigraphical and sedimentological characteristics of the 'Whitehaven Sandstone Series', Westphalian C, West Cumbria coalfield. British Geological Survey Technical Report WH93/102/R. 
Brockbank, W, 1891. On the occurrence of the Permian, Spirorbis limestones, and Upper Coal Measures at Frizington Hall in the Whitehaven district. Memoir of the proceedings of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, Vol.4, 418-426. 
1:50K maps on which the lithostratigraphical unit is found, and map code used:
E028