The BGS Lexicon of Named Rock Units — Result Details

Shorne Member

Computer Code: SHOM Preferred Map Code: notEntered
Status Code: Full
Age range: Thanetian Age (GT) — Ypresian Age (GY)
Lithological Description: In the type section, the Shorne Member comprises a 2m thick bed of laminated or blocky, black or dark brown lignite with thin pale clays (the Cobham Lignite Bed), overlying non-marine sands and clays containing some woody debris. These were not included with the Cobham Lignite Bed by Collinson et al. (2003) but are here included in the Shorne Member. Elsewhere the member is probably represented by fine-grained sands and clays, commonly with detrital lignite, or by grey organic clay or sand.
Definition of Lower Boundary: The Shorne Member lies on an erosional surface (marking the mid-Lambeth Group Hiatus) of the Lower Mottled Clay (Reading Formation), or of the Upnor Formation. The underlying deposits are generally pale and bleached (pedogenically altered).
Definition of Upper Boundary: The top of the Shorne Member is marked by the sharply-defined planar base of the overlying dark grey shelly clay of the Lower Shelly Clay (Woolwich Formation).
Thickness: Up to about 3.5m in the type section.
Geographical Limits: The Shorne Member is known principally from the Shorne Outlier in north-west Kent but occurs more widely but discontinuously, for example in the Swanscombe Outlier (north-west Kent) and at Aveley (south-west Essex) (Collinson et al., 2009; Ellison et al., 2004, fig. 15). Lignite-bearing beds also occur at the base of the Woolwich Formation elsewhere in the London Basin, and in Sussex (Dupuis and Gruas-Cavagnetto, 1985).
Parent Unit: Woolwich Formation (WL)
Previous Name(s): none recorded or not applicable
Alternative Name(s): Cobham Lignite Bed
Type Section  Temporary exposure in railway cutting at Scalers Hill, Cobham, Kent exposed in 1998 to 2000 (Collinson et al., 2003; Collinson et al., 2007; Ellison et al., 2004, fig.15). 
Aldiss, D.T., 2012. The stratigraphical framework for the Palaeogene successions of the London Basin, UK. British Geological Survey Open Report OR/12/004. Available from 
Ellison, R A, Woods, M A, Allen, D J, Forster, A, Pharaoh, T C and King, C. 2004. Geology of London. Memoir of the British Geological Survey, Sheets 256 (North London), 257 (Romford), 270 (South London), 271 (Dartford) (England and Wales). 
Chandler, R.H., 1923. The Tertiary section at Shorne Wood, Cobham, Kent. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association 34, 137-141. 
Collinson, M.E., Steart, D.C., Harrington, G.J., Hooker, J.J., Scott, A.C., Allen, L.O., Glasspool, I.J., Gibbons, S.J., 2009. Palynological evidence of vegetation dynamics in response to palaeoenvironmental change across the onset of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum at Cobham, Southern England. Grana 48, 38-66. 
Collinson, M.E., Steart, D.C., Scott, A.C., Glasspool, I.J., Hooker, J.J., 2007. Episodic fire, runoff and deposition at the Palaeocene-Eocene boundary. Journal of the Geological Society 164, 87-97. 
Dupuis, C., Gruas-Cavagnetto, C., 1985. The Woolwich Beds and the London Clay of Newhaven (East Sussex): new palynological and stratigraphical data. The London Naturalist 75, 27-39. 
Martin, A.R.H., 1976. Upper Paleocene Salviniaceae from the Woolwich/Reading Beds near Cobham, Kent. Palaeontology 19, 173-184. 
Collinson, M.E., Hooker, J.J., Gröcke, D.R., 2003. Cobham Lignite Bed and penecontemporaneous macrofloras of southern England: a record of vegetation and fire across the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum, In: Wing, S.L., Gingerich, P.D., Schmitz, B., Thomas, E. (Eds.), Causes and consequences of globally warm climates on the Early Paleogene. Geological Society of America Special Papers 369, pp. 339-349. 
1:50K maps on which the lithostratigraphical unit is found, and map code used:
none recorded or not applicable