The BGS Lexicon of Named Rock Units — Result Details

Stonehaven Group

Computer Code: SHG Preferred Map Code: STHN
Status Code: Full
Age range: Wenlock Epoch (SW) — Ludlow Epoch (SU)
Lithological Description: Fine- to medium-grained lithic sandstone interbedded with minor amounts of conglomerate and siltstone.
Definition of Lower Boundary: Angular unconformity on meta-igneous and metasedimentary rocks of the Highland Border Complex.
Definition of Upper Boundary: Base of Downie Point Conglomerate Member (Dunnothar Castle Conglomerate Formation), where thickly-bedded or massive conglomerate overlies planar bedded or cross-bedded pebbly sandstone of the Carron Sandstone Formation.
Thickness: Variable, up to maximum of 1800m. Presumed to lap onto basement (Highland Border Complex and possibly Dalradian) and to be overlapped by younger groups.
Geographical Limits: North-eastern Midland Valley, Stonehaven area.
Parent Unit: Not Applicable (-)
Previous Name(s): Stonehaven Beds (-166)
Alternative Name(s): none recorded or not applicable
Type Section  Foreshore, Stonehaven Bay. 
Type Area  Stonehaven, Grampians, Scotland. 
Type Section  Ruthery Head, North of Downie Point. 
Campbell, R, 1912. Cambrian, Downtonian and Lower Old Red Sandstone rocks near Stonehaven. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, Vol.23, 296. 
Robertson, J A, 1957. The habitat of the early vertebrates. Biological Reviews, Vol.32, p.156-187. 
Westoll, T S, 1945. A new cephalaspid fish from the Downtonian of Scotland.Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Vol.61, p.341-357. 
Hickling, H G A, 1908. The Old Red Sandstone of Forfarshire. Geological Magazine (5), Vol.8, p.67. 
Mykura, W, 1983. Old Red Sandstone. "In" Craig, G Y. Geology of Scotland, 2nd. edition, Edinburgh. 
Marshall, J E A, 1991. Palynology of the Stonehaven Group, Scotland: Evidence for a mid-Silurian age and its geological implications. Geological Magazine, Vol.128 (3), p.283-286. 
Browne, M A E, Smith, R A and Aitken, A M. 2001. A lithostratigraphical framework for the Devonian (Old Red Sandstone) rocks of Scotland south of a line from Fort William to Aberdeen. Version 3. British Geological Survey Research Report RR/01/04. 
Marshall, J E A, Haughton, P D W, and Hillier, S J. 1994. Vitrinite reflectivity and the structure and burial history of the Old Red Sandstone of the Midland Valley of Scotland. Journal of the Geological Society of London, Vol. 151, 425-438. 
Lamont, A, 1952. Ecology and correlation of the Pentlandian - a new division of the Silurian System in Scotland. 27-32 in Faunal and floral facies and zonal correlation. Dighton-Thomas, H (editor). Report of the 18th Session of the International Geological Congress, Great Britain, 1948, Pt.10. 
Armstrong, M and Paterson, I B, 1970. The Lower Old Red Sandstone of the Strathmore Region. Report of the Institute of Geological Sciences No.70/12 
Carroll, S, 1994. Geology of the Stonehaven District. 1:10 000 Sheets NO88NW, NO88NE, NO88SW and NO88SE. British Geological Survey Technical Report WA/94/19. 
Armstrong, M, Donovan, R M and Paterson, I B, 1978. Angus and Kincardine. In Friend, P F and Williams, B P J (editors), A field guide to selected outcrop areas of the Devonian of Scotland, the Welsh Borderland and South Wales. Palaeontological Association. 
Wellman, C, 1993. A land plant microfossil assemblage of Mid Silurian age from the Stonehaven Group, Scotland. Journal of Micropalaeontology, Vol.12, 47-66. 
Campbell, R, 1911. Preliminary note on the geology of south-eastern Kincardineshire. Geological Magazine, Vol.8 (New series), 63-69. 
Campbell, R, 1913. The geology of south-eastern Kincardineshire. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Vol.48, pp.923-960. 
1:50K maps on which the lithostratigraphical unit is found, and map code used:
S067 S066