The student materials consist of a series of practical activities which model seismological processes and activities carried out by seismologists.
The key ideas are:
Students use a brick and sandpaper to model the characteristics of earthquakes. They record the amount of slip produced each time the brick moves, and the force before and after each slip.
Students use a model based on wire helical coils ('slinkies') to look at how an earthquake generates P-waves and S-waves.
Students use a magnet and coil and sound-editing software to detect vibrations.
Students investigate the effect of different 'earthquake' positions on the signals received by two 'seismic stations', using two microphones connected to a PC with sound-editing software.
Students identify some features of a real seismogram.
Students identify some features on real seismograms and/or use these seismograms to consider differences in arrival times of P- and S-waves at different stations.
Students use a shake table to investigate the effects of earthquakes on structures.
Students examine data from several stations at the same time, using a 'record section'.
Students use a seismometer modelling kit to design and build a more realistic model seismometer.