Fire and Ice: locating earthquakes in an active volcano on Iceland

The STEM Learning Fire and Ice resource map.

Using data from the 2014 Bárðarbunga volcanic eruption in Iceland, students can do an earthquake location excercise using real data.

Curriculum links include waves, longitudinal and transverse waves, S-waves, P-waves, disaster relief and earthquake detection.

The complete student worksheets, teacher notes and videos can be downloaded from STEM learning (registration required).

Background

Fire and Ice: locating earthquakes in an active volcano on Iceland

Volcanic eruptions can occur in a variety of ways, some relatively benign and some catastrophically dangerous.

In 2010 the subglacial Eyjafjallajokull eruption on Iceland caused a large outpouring of steam and ash into the upper atmosphere, severely disrupting European airspace for nearly two weeks.

This is one of the reasons why scientists are continually monitoring volcanoes on Iceland to try and determine when and how they are likely to erupt next.